Botanical Name Plant's Common Name Plant Family   

    TOTAL NUMBER OF MEDICINAL PLANT RECORDS IN MPDB : 661


    AQUATIC : 3    BAMBOO : 2    CLIMBERS : 61    GRASSES : 18    HERBS : 302    ORCHIDS : 13    SHRUBS : 122    TREES : 140

 Sr. No.   Medicinal Plant's Name   Plant's Family   Plant category   Medicinal Uses 
1 Hydrilla verticillata (L.f.) Royle Hydrocharitaceae Aquatic Used in the treatment of abscesses, boils and wounds, especially if there is debris in the wound. A dried powder of the plant is applied to cuts and wounds to help accelerate healing.
2 Vallisneria spiralis L. Hydrocharitaceae Aquatic Siddha, Folk, Chinese
3 Ceratophyllum demersum L. Ceratophyllaceae Aquatic The whole plant has been traditionally used in the treatment of wounds, fever, burning sensation, hemorrhoids or piles, intrinsic hemorrhages, hyperdipsia, epistaxis and hematemesis. Coontail is prescribed for cardiac infections, giddiness, haemothermia, Leucorrhoea, morbid thirst, rheumatism spermaturia, venereal diseases. Leaf juice is used to stop vomiting, as cooling agent and to cure skin disorders.
4 Bambusa arundinacea (Retz.) Willd. Poaceae Bamboo The root (burnt root) is applied to ringworm, bleeding gums, painful joints (Khare, 2007). Seeds are acrid, laxative, said to be beneficial in strangury and urinary discharges (Chopra et al., 1958). Bark is used for skin eruptions (Khare, 2007). Leaf is emmenagogue, antileprotic, febrifuge, bechic, used in haemoptysis (Khare, 2007). anti-inflammatory, anti-ulcer, anti-diabetic, anti-oxidant, Anthelmintic, Astringent, Emmengogue activity
5 Dendrocalamus strictus (Roxb.) Nees Poaceae Bamboo Dendrocalamus strictus is extensively used as raw material in paper mills and also for a variety of purposes such as light construction, furniture, musical instruments, bamboo board, mats, sticks, agricultural implements, rafts, baskets, woven wares and household utensils. Young shoots are edible and used as food. Leaves are used as forage, and decoction of leaves and nodes and silicious matter is used in traditional medicine. Silicious matter found near the joints is used as a cooling, tonic and astringent medicine. Leaves are ecbolic to animals.
6 Cissampelos pareira L. Menispermaceae Climbers Cissampelos pareira is used in Chinese herbology, where it is called xí sh?ng téng. The species is also known as abuta and called laghu patha in Ayurvedic medicine. In Tamil Nadu it is called ponmusutai and it is used for a number of medicinal purposes. Some attention has been paid to it in Kenya, Tanzania, and other places for its purported anti-malarial properties in particular, as well as in India for its anti-viral properties, especially against Dengue virus.
7 Ventilago denticulata Willd. Rahamnaceae Climbers Stem bark—powdered and mixed with sesame oil, externally applied to skin diseases and sprains. Root bark—used for atonic dyspepsia, mild fever and debility. Sap—used for the treatment of deafness.
8 Ampelocissus latifolia (Roxb.) Planch. Vitaceae Climbers Plant is used in muscular pain, sores, pneumonia and bone fracture. Decoction of the stem bark is given in stomach pain. Root paste is applied to wounds to heal; decoction is given in cases of chronic dysentery.
9 Cayratia auriculata (Roxb.) Gamble Vitaceae Climbers Bark is taken in one cup of water for immunity. Paste or infusion of is applied on the spot of bite or given orally for 2-3 days for treating snake bite.; mouth boils;
10 Cayratia trifolia (L.) Domin. Vitaceae Climbers The root, ground with black pepper, is applied to boils. The root is also used as an astringent medicine. Paste of tuber applied as poultice to ripen boils. Roots, if eaten, result in violent vomiting. Used to vomit out any toxic or poisonous thing eaten accidentally (Bhogaonkar and Devarkar 2002).
11 Cissus repanda (Wight & Arn.) Vahl, Vitaceae Climbers relieve some of the symptoms of malaria; The root powder after heating is applied to cuts and fractures. Leaf poultice reduces the inflammation of boils.
12 Cardiospermum halicacabum L. Sapindaceae Climbers Ear problems, C. halicacabum has been used in the treatment of rheumatism, nervous diseases, stiffness of the limbs and snake bite. Leaves are crushed and made into a tea, which aids itchy skin. Salted leaves are used as a poultice on swellings. Young leaves can be cooked as vegetables. The leaf juice has been used as a treatment for earache as well.
13 Butea superba Roxb. Fabaceae Climbers Supposed effects on rejuvenation and sexual vigor;
14 Canavalia gladiata Sensu Robyns. Fabaceae / Leguminosae Climbers In Korea it is used in the treatment of vomiting, abdominal dropsy, kidney-related lumbago, asthma, obesity, stomach-ache, dysentery, coughs, headache, intercostal neuralgia, epilepsy, schizophrenia, inflammatory diseases and swellings. In Japan it is effective in treating ozena, haemorrhoids, pyorrhea, otitis media, boils and cancers, all kinds of inflammatory diseases and atopic dermatitis. In Korea soap is marketed based on extracts of sword bean; it is used for the treatment of athlete’s foot and acne. In Japan it is effective in treating ozena, haemorrhoids, pyorrhoea, otitis media, boils and cancers, all kinds of inflammatory diseases and atopic dermatitis.
15 Millettia auriculata Brandis Fabaceae Climbers The root bark is given daily for 5 days following menstruation as a contraceptive
16 Pueraria tuberosa (Willd.) DC. Fabaceae Climbers In chest pain two pills made from powdered tuber mixed with sugar are taken twice a day for 4-5 days. To cure weakness boiled roots are eaten twice a day for three weeks. The root is emetic, galactagogue and tonic. It is used to treat renal complaints and as a demulcent and refrigerant in the treatment of fevers. Applied externally, it is peeled and bruised to make a cataplasm, which is used to reduce swellings. It is crushed and rubbed on the body in the treatment of fevers and rheumatism.
17 Teramnus labialis (L. f.) Spreng. Fabaceae / Leguminosae Climbers used for treating fatigue, muscle wasting, Vata and Pitta imbalance disorders, bleeding disorders etc. Used in rheumatism, tuberculosis, nervous affections, haemoptysis and catarrh. Fruits astringent, stomachic and febrifuge.
18 Bauhinia vahlii Wight & Arn. Fabaceae Climbers The seeds are tonic and aphrodisiac. The leaves are demulcent and mucilaginous.
19 Acacia torta (Roxb.) Craib Fabaceae Climbers Flower : emmenagogue. Bark : anti-inflammatory, anti-septic (in skin diseases). Various plant parts are used in cough, bronchitis, measles, tubercular fistula and in the treatment of menstrual disorders. The bark is used for washing the hail.
20 Combretum ovalifolium Roxb. Combretaceae Climbers The leaves are used in the treatment of peptic ulcer and its fruits are used in Diarrhea and dysentery. Stem bark is used in the treatment of jaundice and skin diseases. Seed oil and root for the treatment of eye problems, eczema, and malaria.
21 Coccinia grandis (L.) Voigt Cucurbitaceae Climbers Various preparations of roots, stems and leaves of Coccinia grandis have been mentioned in indigenous systems of medicine as being efficacious in the treatment of skin diseases, bronchial catarrh, bronchitis and diabetes. In traditional medicine, fruits have been used to treat leprosy, fever, asthma, bronchitis, and jaundice. The fruit possesses mast cell-stabilizing, antianaphylactic, and antihistaminic potential. In Bangladesh, the roots are used to treat osteoarthritis and joint pain. A paste made of leaves is applied to the skin to treat scabies. analgesic, anti-pyretic, anti-inflammatory, anti-microbial, anti-ulcer, anti-diabetic, anti-oxidant, hypoglycemic, Hepatoprotective, anti-malarial, antidyslipidemic, anti-cancer, antitussive, mutagenic
22 Ctenolepis garcinii (Burm. f.) Naud. Cucurbitaceae Climbers decoction of roots is given in colic, fever, indigestion, anorexia and rheumatism, paste of leaves is applied to boils and swelling, fruits are given in gonorrhea, fruits pulp is applied on foot sole to cure heat in the body. Hepatoprotective activity, anti-cancer activity, anti-bacterial activity and anti-fungal activity, anti-inflammatory activity (Vijayakrishnan, 2013)
23 Diplocyclos palmatus Cucurbitaceae Climbers In Kenya the roots are used as an antivenin and fruits and leaves to cure stomach-ache. In Thailand stems are used as an expectorant and fruits as a laxative, and in Nepal seeds as a febrifuge. The roots are used as an antivenom.
24 Luffa acutangula (L.) Roxb. Cucurbitaceae Climbers The seeds are emetic and purgative; They are eaten to expel intestinal worms; The fruits and seeds are used in herbal preparations for the treatment of venereal diseases, particularly gonorrhea; A leaf extract is applied on sores caused by guinea worms to kill the parasite; The leaf sap is applied to skin affections such as eczema, and is used as an eyewash to cure conjunctivitis; The glycoprotein luffaculin, isolated from the seeds, exhibits abortifacient, antitumour, ribosome inactivating and immunomodulatory activities.
25 Momordica dioica Roxb. ex Willd. Cucurbitaceae Climbers Applied in bleeding piles and urinary complaints. The root paste is applied over the body as a sedative in fever.
26 Mukia maderaspatana (L.) M. Roem. Cucurbitaceae Climbers anti-oxidant, Hepatoprotective, Anti-rheumatic, diuretic, stomachic (a digestive tonic), gentle aperient, anti-pyretic and Anti-flatulent, Anti-asthmatic, anti-inflammatory, anti-diabetic and Anti-bronchitis, is used for tooth-ache besides its use in vertigo and biliousness
27 Pergularia daemia (Forssk.) Chiov. Asclepiadaceae Climbers Traditionally it has been used as an elmintic, laxative, anti-pyretic and expectorant, besides treatment of infantile Diarrhea, malarial intermittent fevers, toothaches and colds. Studies have shown Hepatoprotective, anti-fertility, anti-diabetic, analgesic, anti-pyretic and anti-inflammatory properties of substances in its aerial parts. Used for uterine and menstrual troubles and to facilitate parturition. Juice of the leaves is considered useful in asthmatic affections and infantile Diarrhea; along with lime and ginger applied to rheumatic swellings. Pulp of fresh leaves are used as a stimulating poultice in carbuncle with good effect. Root bark is given as an anthelmintic; mixed with cow’s milk as a purgative in rheumatic cases (Yusuf et al. 2009).
28 Argyreia nervosa (Burm. f.) Bojer Convolvulaceae Climbers Brain tonic, Gyanic Problems, The root is aphrodisiac, diuretic alterative and tonic; used in gleet, gonorrhea, strangury, chronic ulcers. The leaves are maturative and absorptive; used in skin diseases and as an emollient poultices for wounds. Leaves are used as a local stimulant and rubefacient.
29 Ipomoea hederifolia L. Convolvulaceae Climbers The plant is considered cooling and purgative; used in cancer and Brest pain. Pounded leaves are applied to bleeding piles and as a plaster to carbuncles (Yusuf et al. 2009).
30 Ipomoea nil (L.) Roth Convolvulaceae Climbers in the treatment of elephantiasis; purgative; seeds are diuretic, anthelminthic and laxative and are prescribed for oedema and constipation, to promote menstruation or cause abortion (abortifacient).
31 Ipomoea obscura (L.) Ker Gawl. Convolvulaceae Climbers In some part leaves paste is mixed with alcohol externally applied to open sore and pustules. Root decoction used against dysentery.
32 Ipomoea quamoclit L. Convolvulaceae Climbers Anti-cancer (leaf): Ho et al., 2015; The whole plant is crushed and applied externally on carbuncles. The juice is used along with other ingredients in case of blood dysentery, piles and body weakness. It is used as folk medicine around the world for various illnesses, such as hemorrhoids, ulcers, breast pain, snake bites, diabetes, fever, piles and as an antibiotic (Rajendran et al., 2007; Sajem et al., 2008).
33 Ipomoea sepiaria Koenig ex Roxb. Convolvulaceae Climbers Tubers are cooling, alterative, uterine tonic and aphrodisiac; cures ulcers. Juice of the plant is deobstruent and diuretic and anti-dote to arsenic (Yusuf et al. 2009). EtOH(50%) extract of aerial parts is diuretic and hypotensive (Asolkar et al., 1992).
34 Merremia turpethum (L.) Rendle Convolvulaceae Climbers It is actually not a purgative but a mild laxative. It is useful in fevers, edema, ascites, anorexia, constipation, hepatosplenomegaly, hemorrhoids, cervical lymphadenitis, fistulas, constipation, chronic gout, fever, bronchitis, ulcers, hemorrhoids, tumors, obesity, jaundice, herpes, induce lacrimation, and other skin disorders.
35 Gloriosa superba L. Liliaceae Climbers Anti venome(snake), anthelmintic, laxative, alexiteric, abortifacient; Flame lily also used as a tonic, anti-periodic, anti-helminthic. The tuber has commonly been used as a suicidal agent among women in rural areas. tubers are tonic, stomachic and anthelmintic; useful in colic, chronic ulcers and piles; gout; abortifacient;
36 Atylosia rugosa Fabaceae / Leguminosae Climbers Analgesic and anti-inflammatory
37 Macrotyloma uniflorum (Lam.) Verdc. Fabaceae / Leguminosae Climbers Plant is used in tumours, skin eruptions, anal fissures, dysuria, sores and burns. Seeds are astringent to the bowels, anti-pyretic, anthelmintic, diuretic and tonic; cures asthma, bronchitis, hiccup, ozoena, strangury, piles and leucoderma. Decoction of the plant is used in Leucorrhoea and menstrual derangements, it also removes stone from the kidney and gall bladde (Yusuf et l. 2009).
38 Cucumis prophetarum L. Cucurbitaceae Climbers The bitter fruit is used as an emetic. treatment of inflammation,
39 Cucumis setosus Cogn. Cucurbitaceae Climbers Cucumbers bring relief for individuals suffering from celiac disease, and promote skin health. treat dysentery, applied to burns and open sores. The juice from the leaves induce vomiting and aid digestion.
40 Momordica balsamina sensu W. & A. Cucurbitaceae Climbers The fruits, seeds and leaves are anthelmintic. The leaves are used as a treatment against fever and excessive uterine bleeding, and to treat syphilis, rheumatism, hepatitis and skin disorders. The plant is emetic, purgative and vermifuge. anti-HIV, anti-plasmodial, shigellocidal, anti-Diarrheal, anti-septic, anti-bacterial, anti-viral, anti-inflammatory, anti-microbial, hypoglycemic, anti-oxidant, analgesic and Hepatoprotective properties.
41 Passiflora foetida L. - fetid passionflower Passifloraceae Climbers In India, this plant is used for forming lotions for skin disease & for preparation of medicinal powder for digestive problems. In Brazil, this plant is used to formulate lotions for skin diseases with inflammation. In Vietnam, leaves are used for tea making for vanishing sleeping and nervous disorders. Treating chronic pain, cough, asthma, insomnia, hysteria, emmenagogue, biliousness, digestive problems, including dyspepsia. This species can be helpful in treating digestive problems, including dyspepsia and Diarrhea; or used as an astringent and expectorant for nervous conditions and spasms.
42 Trichosanthes cucumerina L. Cucurbitaceae Climbers According to Ayurveda, the plant pacifies vitiated pitta, constipation, skin diseases, burning sensation, diabetes, anorexia, flatulence, constipation, worm infestation, fever and general weakness.
43 Ceropegia odorata Asclepiadaceae Climbers The leaves are chewed to cure stomach pains, the juice from the tubers is used as eye medicine. Furthermore the tubers are eaten as vegetable.
44 Merremia tridentata (L.) Hallier f. Convolvulaceae Climbers Maceration of the leaves is drunk as an anti-venom after snake bites. A decoction of a mixture of plants, drunk against candida infections of mouth, digestive tract or anus. In India the plant is one of the sources of the Ayurvedic medicine ‘Prasarini’, which is attributed with astringent, aphrodisiac, laxative and bitter properties. The aerial parts are used in treating haemorrhoids, swellings, rheumatic affections and urinary infections. anti-inflammatory; Anti-arthritic
45 Merremia gangetica (L.) Cufod. Convolvulaceae Climbers Anti-diuretic, rheumatism and neuralgia. In the Philippines the decocted leaves and tops are sometimes employed as a diuretic. In India, the leaves are useful as a diuretic and an alterative and used in rheumatism and neuralgia. Leaf juice is given for migraine and as an ear drop to relieve abscesses and ulcers. Root is used to treat diseases of eyes and gums (Rajasab and Isaq 2004). The plant was therapeutically used as deobstruent, diuretic, for cough, headache, neuralgia and rheumatism (Chatterjee and Prakashi 1995).
46 Ipomoea fistulosa Mart. ex Choisy Convolvulaceae Climbers Sedative, Anti-convulsant, Anti-carcinogenic and oxytoxic. Medicinal (Roots have laxative effects and are boiled and used to provoke menstruation, and are traditionally a treatment for skin diseases. Milky sap of plant has been traditionally used to treat Leucoderma and other related skin diseases (only external applications have been recommended due to the plant's poisonous nature). Plant has depressant effect on central nervous system and also shows muscle relaxant properties. )
47 Dioscorea alata L. Dioscoreaceae Climbers The tuber is grated, mixed with brown stout vinegar, then spread onto paper and placed on the small of a woman's back to prevent or forestall a threatened miscarriage.
48 Dioscorea belophylla (Prain) Voigt ex Haines Dioscoreaceae Climbers ulcers, sores, wound, spasms, dysentery, diabetes and cancer; Tuber powder given in sex-related diseases. Tuber poultice applied on whitlow (infection at the base of nail) (Bhogaonkar and Devarkar 2002)
49 Dioscorea bulbifera L. Dioscoreaceae Climbers treat conjunctivitis, Diarrhea, and dysentery, among other ailments.
50 Dioscorea hispida Dennst. Dioscoreaceae Climbers tubers used to kill worms in wounds. Various plant parts used in whitlow, sores, boils, and bites of rabbit, jackal or dog. In India, tubers used for birth control. pounded leaves applied to sores of yaw.
51 Dioscorea oppositifolia L. Dioscoreaceae Climbers Tuber : Swelling, scorpion stings, and snake bites. Oral administration of tuber powder mixed with honey for increasing sperm. Fracture
52 Dioscorea pentaphylla L. Dioscoreaceae Climbers Leaf paste mixed with mustard oil is rubbed on the effected part to treat rheumatism. The juice of the plant is applied to boils. A decoction of the plant is applied to swellings.
53 Dioscorea pubera Blume Dioscoreaceae Climbers Relieve colic pain
54 Acacia concinna (Willd.) DC. MIMOSOIDEAE Climbers Shikakai is a commonly used herb that has many remedial qualities. It is popularly referred as "fruit for the hair" as it has a naturally mild pH, that gently cleans the hair without stripping it of natural oils. Shikakai is used to control dandruff, promoting hair growth and strengthening hair roots. Its leaves are used in malarial fever, decoction of the pods are used to relieve biliousness and acts as a purgative. An ointment, prepared from the ground pods, is good for skin diseases.
55 Ceropegia bulbosa Roxb. APOCYNACEAE Climbers In Rajasthan this species is used for many purposes, e.g. the seeds, brayed to a paste, are used to cure deafness, while this paste is dropped into the ears. An decoction made from the tubers is used, orally, to ease dropping out urinary bladder stones. Furthermore the tubers are eaten, either raw or cooked. The tubers are considered to be digestive and tonic.
56 Cissus quadrangularis VITACEAE Climbers Veldt Grape has been used as a medicinal plant since antiquity. In siddha medicine it is considered a tonic and analgesic, and is believed to help heal broken bones, thus its name asthisamharaka (that which prevents the destruction of bones). It is said to have anti-bacterial, anti-fungal, anti-oxidant, anthelmintic, antihemorrhoidal and analgesic activities. It is one of the most commonly used medicinal plants in Thailand. An infusion of the plant is antifungal and anthelmintic. The pulped stem is given in the treatment of asthma; is used as an alterative in cases of amenorrhoea; and is given in the treatment of haemorrhoids. The leaves or young stems are analgesic and also speed the rate of healing. They are crushed and applied as a poultice to ease the pain of broken bones; for the maturation of boils; to cure wounds and burns; to ease the pain of rheumatic joints; and also as a treatment for saddle sores on horses. The powdered dry roots are used for treating indigestion. The powdered root is considered to be a specific in the treatment of fractured bones.
57 Dalbergia volubilis Roxb. FABOIDEAE Climbers The juice of the leaves is applied to aphthae and used as a gargle in sore throat. The root juice with cumin and sugar is given in gonorrhea. The plant is used for gastritis in Khagrachari. A glycosidic substance from leaves showed anti-inflammatory and antiarthritic activities and a new level of general toxicity.
58 Operculina turpethum (L.) Silva Manso CONVOLVULACEAE Climbers In the Philippines the root, either pulverized or in alcoholic tincture, is employed as a drastic purgative. The dried and powdered root-bark is considered cathartic and laxative, resembling jalap in its action. It is a drastic purgative of phlegmatic humors and bile. With ginger, it is particularly beneficial in rheumatic and paralytic affections. In India the fresh bark of the root is rubbed with milk and employed as a purgative.
59 Smilax zeylanica L. SMILACACEAE Climbers The roots of Kumarika are used for veneral diseases. Also applied in rheumatic swellings and given in urinary complaints and dysentery.
60 Vallaris solanacea (Roth) Kuntze APOCYNACEAE Climbers Traditionally, the milky latex can be applied to treat ringworm and other skin infections, including sores, cuts and wounds. Leaves and barks have been reported to possess anti-cancer, anti-microbial, analgesic, anti-inflammatory, anti-Diarrheal and cardiotonic properties.
61 Clematis heynei M.A. Rau Ranunculaceae Climbers Leaf juice applied for skin diseases. Flower juice used as cosmetic and applied externally for acne, black heads and black spots.
62 Cryptolepis dubia (Burm.f.) M.R.Almeida Apocynaceae Climbers The roots and fruits are used for the treatment of chills and oedema. The plant is used in a preparation that is given to children as a cure for rickets. The latex from the stem is applied to the skin to treat wounds.
63 Getonia floribunda Roxb. Combretaceae Climbers The leaves are bitter, astringent, laxative, anthelmintic, depurative, diaphoretic and febrifuge. They are useful in intestinal worms, colic, leprosy, malarial fever, dysentery, ulcers and vomiting. The fruits are useful in jaundice, ulcers, pruritus and skin diseases.
64 Maerua oblongifolia (Forssk.) A. Rich. Capparaceae Climbers used to cure various diseases such as fever, stomach ache, skin infections, diabetes mellitus, epilepsy and abdominal colic.
65 Rhynchosia hirta (Andrews)Meikle & Verdc. Fabaceae-Faboideae Climbers The plant (probably the leaves, but not specified) induces contractions of the uterus and can be used to aid the birth process for women in labour - it can also be used to bring about an abortion. Leaves are used as a tonic, as well as in stomach disorders.
66 Spatholobus parviflorus (DC.)Kuntze Fabaceae-Faboideae Climbers The leaves and stems are boiled, combined with Dicranopteris species, and used as a liquid to apply to broken bones as an analgesic. A leaf paste is used to treat conjunctivitis. A decoction of the bark is used in the treatment of dropsy, worms, bowel complants and snake poisoning.
67 Acrachne racemosa (Roem. & Schult.) Ohwi Poaceae / Gramineae Grasses Gerenal debility (Vardhana, 2008)
68 Cymbopogon martinii (Roxb.) J.F. Watson Poaceae / Gramineae Grasses Palmarosa oil has been shown to be an effective insect repellent when applied to stored grain and beans, an antihelmintic against nematodes, and an anti-fungal and mosquito repellent. Oil - anti-biotic, anti-microbial, anti-oxidant activities; exhibits beneficial effects on several central nervous system pathologies, mainly Neuralgia, Epileptic, and Anorexia. It is also used in remedy of lumbago and stiff joints as well as in skin diseases. In traditional medicine both the plant and its oils are used to treat rheumatism, hair loss, arthritis, lumbago and spasms. The essential oil is a strong fungicide. In laboratory tests it was more effective than several synthetic fungicides against 9 pathogenic fungi and yeasts, including Aspergillus spp., Candida albicans, Monilia sitophila and Trichophyton tonsurae.
69 Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. Poaceae / Gramineae Grasses CNS Activity, anti-diabetic, anti-ulcer, Anti-arrhythmic, Analgesic, Anti-Pyretic, Diuretic, anti-microbial, anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant
70 Dactyloctenium aegyptium (L.) Willd. Poaceae / Gramineae Grasses anti-oxidant, anti-inflamatory, anti-cancer and anti-pyretic properties (Khumbongmayum et al., 2005; Hansakul et al., 2009; Jananie et al., 2011) and is used for treating small pox, wounds and ulcers (Heuze et al., 2013). In Manipur, juice of fresh plants is prescribed in fevers. Decoction of the plant is given in small pox.
71 Dichanthium annulatum (Forssk.) Stapf Poaceae / Gramineae Grasses Anti-cancer (Preethi and Padma, 2016)
72 Dinebra retroflexa (Vahl) Panzer Poaceae / Gramineae Grasses Neurological disorders
73 Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn. Poaceae / Gramineae Grasses sudorific and febrifuge, roots used in the prevention of abortion (abortifacient). Root, is used in traditional medicine as a diuretic, anti-helminthic, diaphoretic and febrifuge and for treating cough and other ailments. The seed is sometimes used as famine food and also used in the treatment of liver complaints.
74 Eragrostis gangetica (Roxb.) Steud. Poaceae / Gramineae Grasses A decoction of the plant is used as a treatment for sore feet.
75 Eragrostis tenella (L.) P. Beauv. ex Roem. & Schult. Poaceae / Gramineae Grasses Menstrual disorder
76 Ischaemum rugosum Salisb. Poaceae / Gramineae Grasses scarcity
77 Saccharum spontaneum L. Poaceae / Gramineae Grasses treatment of mental illness and mental disturbances, gynaecological troubles, respiratory disease
78 Setaria intermedia Roem. & Schult. Poaceae / Gramineae Grasses Boiled and filtered leaf extract is used as eye drops to cure conjunctivitis.
79 Setaria verticillata (L.) P. Beauv. Poaceae / Gramineae Grasses rheumatism, psoriasis and chronic eruptions
80 Coix lacryma-jobi L. Poaceae Grasses The root is used in India for menstrual disorders. In Liberia the juice from the stem is squeezed into the eye to relieve irritation due to injury.
81 Vetiveria zizanioides (L.) Nash Poaceae / Gramineae Grasses Blood purifier, cardio protective, epistaxis, diaphoresis, strengthens stomach, indigestion, acidity, anorexia, Diarrhea, fever, asthma, cough, brain tonic, skin disorders, tuberculosis,
82 Echinochloa frumentacea POACEAE Grasses The plant is useful in the treatment of biliousness and constipation.
83 Paspalum scrobiculatum POACEAE Grasses Seed - eaten cooked, it can be used like rice, boiled or parched and ground into flour. It can also be popped like popcorn.
84 Echinochloa crus-galli (L.) P.Beauv. Poaceae Grasses effectively lowers blood sugar and cholesterol when consumed according to Yonhap.
85 Tinospora cordifolia auct. non (DC). Miers: Hook f. & Thoms. Menispermaceae Herbs Fevers, Diabetes, Dyspepsia, Jaundice, Urinary problems, Skin diseases and Chronic Diarrhea, Dysentery, Heart diseases, Leprosy, Helmenthiasis and Rheumatoid arthritis, Anti-cancer (Gach et al., 2015); Leaves crushed with warm water, two drops poured in ear to cure the infection. 10 gm green leaves of wheat and leaves of Tinospora crushed with water; a cup of filtrate is used daily to cure cancer.
86 Argemone mexicana L. Papaveraceae Herbs Root - Skin diseases, relieve kidney pain; Seeds - Laxative, Anti-cancer(Elisa et al., 2015)
87 Cardamine trichocarpa Hochst. ex A. Rich. Brassicaceae Herbs kwashiorkor, improve healing, good herbal bath for babies, Boil
88 Cochlearia cochlearioides (Roth) Santapau & Mahesw. Brassicaceae Herbs The plant have watery and pungent sap.
89 Cleome chelidonii L.f. Cleomaceae / Capparaceae Herbs The heated sap from the leaves is dropped into the ear to cure infections. An infusion of the whole plant is used as a remedy for skin complaints. The root is used as an Anthelmintic.
90 Cleome gynandra L. Cleomaceae / Capparaceae Herbs anti-inflammatory, pain, swelling, fever, cough, asthma, skin and urinary diseases.
91 Cleome viscosa L. Cleomaceae / Capparaceae Herbs Anti I insects, Antiwarmicde, Anthelmentic, pruritis, gastro intestinal disorders, gastrointestinal infections, ringworm, flatulence, colic, dyspepsia, cough, bronchitis, cardiac disorders.
92 Hybanthus enneaspermus (L.) F. Muell. Violaceae Herbs Treating Diarrhea, Urinary infections, Leucorrhoea, Dysuria, Inflammation, Cholera and Sterility, aphrodisiac, demulcent, tonic, diuretic, anti-convulsant and anti-malarial and used to treat urinary infections, Diarrhea, Leucorrhoea, dysuria, inflammation and male sterility
93 Polygala arvensis Willd. Polygalaceae Herbs Asthma, Chronic bronchitis and Catarrhal affections, anti-septic properties; used for fever and dizziness (Yusuf et al. 2009).
94 Polygala elongata Klein ex Willd. Polygalaceae Herbs anti-diabetic
95 Polygala erioptera DC. Polygalaceae Herbs Energy drink,
96 Polycarpaea corymbosa (L.) Lam. Caryophyllaceae Herbs anti-inflammatory, astringent, demulcent; plant-spermicidal, applied as poultice, prescribed in jaundice in the form of pills with molasses
97 Portulaca oleracea L. Portulacaceae Herbs Its leaves are used for insect or snake bites on the skin, boils, sores, pain from bee stings, bacillary dysentery, Diarrhea, hemorrhoids, postpartum bleeding, and intestinal bleeding. Anti-cancer (Li et al., 2012)
98 Portulaca quadrifida L. Portulacaceae Herbs Diuretic, to treat Rheumatism and gynaecological diseases, as a sedative, analgesic and cardiotonic, to treat fever, disorders of the urinary tract, worm diseases, as a tonic and choleretic, to treat dysentery, and to apply externally to ulcers, eczema and dermatitis
99 Abelmoschus ficulneus (L.) Wight & Arn. ex Wight Malvaceae Herbs Diarrhea, decoction of the crushed fresh root is taken to treat calcium deficiency
100 Malvastrum coromandelianum (L.) Garcke Malvaceae Herbs Ringworm infection, Jaundice, Diabetes, anti-inflammatory, Analgesic, Antidysenteric
101 Sida cordata (Burm.f.) Borss. Malvaceae Herbs The juice of the plant is applied to boils and pimples. The root is tonic. The juice of the root is used to treat indigestion. A paste of the root is applied as a poultice to remove pus from boils and wounds. It is also used in the treatment of gonorrhea and other venereal diseases. The juice of the leaves is used to treat cuts and wounds.
102 Melochia corchorifolia L. Sterculiaceae Herbs Leaves: ulcers, abdominal swelling, and headache and chest pain; Leaves and roots are used to treat urinary disorders, abdominal swellings, dysentery, snake bites and sores. An aqueous solution of leaves has insecticidal properties.
103 Corchorus aestuans L. Malvaceae / Tiliaceae Herbs Extracts of the roots or leaves were taken for the treatment of gonorrhea, the leaves were used for headache, and the seeds, in the form of powder or in decoction, as a tonic, carminative and febrifuge and seeds used as stomachic, as anti-inflammatory and for the treatment of pneumonia
104 Corchorus fascicularis Lam. Malvaceae / Tiliaceae Herbs Anemia, Improving memory, Intelligence, Aphrodisiac, Laxative etc. Anti-cancer(Wozniak et al., 2015)
105 Corchorus olitorius L. Malvaceae / Tiliaceae Herbs antifertility, anti-convulsive, and purgative agent, Anti-cancer(Wozniak et al., 2015)
106 Corchorus trilocularis L. Malvaceae / Tiliaceae Herbs The whole plant juice is used to treat stomach ache
107 Triumfetta pentandra A. Rich. Tiliaceae Herbs Fresh root scrapings are applied as a poultice on sores and small wounds. The crushed leaf is applied in dressings for treatment of goitre and deformities. In veterinary medicine in Burundi leaf sap is given for treatment of theileriosis.
108 Tribulus terrestris L. Zygophyllaceae Herbs diuretic, aphrodisiac, antiurolithic, immunomodulatory, anti-diabetic, absorption enhancing, hypolipidemic, cardiotonic, central nervous system, Hepatoprotective, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, antispasmodic, anti-cancer, anti-bacterial, anthelmintic, larvicidal, and anticariogenic activities; It is used to remove the kidney stone and urine problem;
109 Biophytum sensitivum (L.) DC. Oxalidaceae Herbs Heat problems, anti-bacterial, anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant, antitumor, radioprotective, chemoprotective, antimetastatic, antiangiogenetic, wound-healing, immunomodulatory, anti-diabetic, and cardioprotective, Anti-cancer (Preethi and Padma, 2016)
110 Oxalis corniculata L. Oxalidaceae Herbs Antibiotic, good appetizer, removes kapha, vata, and piles; astringent cures dysentery and Diarrheas, skin diseases and quarten fevers, Leaves are anti-inflammatory, Refrigerant and antiscorbutic
111 Impatiens balsamina L. Balsaminaceae Herbs Treat thorn or glass-puncture wounds, abscesses, scrofulosis, carbuncles, dysentery, rheumatism, isthmus and crural aches, fractures, superficial infections, fingernail inflammation, tumor, difficult labor and puerperal pain, anti-microbial, antirheumatic, antipruritic, anti-inflammatory, anti-allergic activities and antitumoral
112 Leea macrophylla Roxb. ex Hornem. Vitaceae / Leeaceae Herbs worm infestation, dermatopathies, wounds, inflammation, and in symptoms of diabetes, effective against guinea worm and ringworm, and is applied to sores and wounds. Roots are applied externally to allay pain and are alexipharmic, antiurolithiatic, anti-inflammatory
113 Alysicarpus vaginalis (L.) DC. Fabaceae / Leguminosae Herbs cytotoxicity, renal calculi and sepsis (Ediriweera, 2007; Kirtikar and Basu, 1935).The leaf extract has been used for the improvement of eye sight and earache (Tirkey, 2006). The roots of this plant are generally employed as diuretic; in kidney disorders, skin related problems, leprosy and pulmonary troubles (Burkill, 1985).
114 Atylosia scarabaeoides (L.) Benth. Fabaceae / Leguminosae Herbs The plant is used for swelling and pain in leg during pregnancy, night fever, dropsy, anaemia, hemiplegia, burns, wounds, small-pox, venereal sores, syphilis, gonorrhea, spermatorrhoea, gravel, cholera, dysentery, snake bite and rinderpest. It is also used for Diarrhea in cattle.
115 Crotalaria calycina Schrank Fabaceae / Leguminosae Herbs
116 Desmodium triflorum (L.) DC. Fabaceae / Leguminosae Herbs Fresh leaves—used internally as galactagogue and for Diarrhea; applied externally to wounds and abscesses. Root—diuretic. Also used for cough, asthma. Dysentery, antitoxic, hepatitis, red eye with in?ammation, lymph infection, anthelmintic action against Ascaris lumbricoides. curing cough, bronchitis and fever
117 Galactia tenuiflora (Willd.)Wight & Arn. Fabaceae Herbs anti-dote for scorpion sting
118 Pseudarthria viscida (L.)Wight & Arn. Fabaceae / Leguminosae Herbs Plant is used in tridoshas, cough, asthma, fever, dysentery, cardiac ailments, rheumatoid arthritis and aid in fast healing of fractured bone. The roots are astringent, thermogenic, digestive, anthelmintic, anti-inflammatory, diuretic, aphrodisiac, nervine, cardio and rejuvenating tonic. They are useful in vitiated conditions of cough, bronchitis, asthma, tuberculosis, helminthiasis, Diarrhea, gout, diabetes, hyperthermia and general debility. anti-diabetic, anti Diarrheal, anti cancer, cough, bronchitis, asthma, tuberculosis, helminthiasis, Diarrhea, inflammation, cardiopathy, fever, hemorrhoids, gout, diabetes, hyperthermia and general debility
119 Psoralea corylifolia L. Fabaceae / Leguminosae Herbs Skin diseases, chemo-protective, anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant and anti-microbial. Seeds of this plant are anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial, aphrodisiac, astringent, cardiac, cytotoxic, stimulant and diuretic in nature. Leprosy destroyer., leucoderma, skin rash and infections associated with skin. blood purifier; Anti-cancer (Pahari et al., 2016)
120 Rhynchosia minima (L.) DC. Fabaceae / Leguminosae Herbs Abortifacient, antihelminthic, used in the treatment of wounds, asthma and piles; seed extract shows specific agglutinating action on human RBC; Anti-cancer (Raihan et al., 2012)
121 Smithia conferta Sm. Fabaceae Herbs anti-microbial, anti-ulcer, regulating fertility, biliousness, rheumatism, uterine trouble, sterility problem in women, laxative and used as tonic, the powered form of leaves mixed with honey was prescribed for cholera, its ointment is used to cure eliphanteasis, treat stomach ache and ulcers
122 Vigna radiata (L.) R. Wilczek Fabaceae / Leguminosae Herbs Antioxidant, Antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory , anti-diabetic, Lipid metabolism accommodation, Antihypertensive, Antitumor, Antisepsis, Anti-cancer(Raihan et al., 2012), anti-asthmatic activity
123 Vigna trilobata (L.)Verdc. Fabaceae / Leguminosae Herbs oligospermia, gout, gastritis, neuropathy, fever, worm infestation etc. It improves body weight
124 Zornia gibbosa Span. Fabaceae / Leguminosae Herbs Inflammation, Dysentery, anti-inflammatory
125 Cassia absus L. Caesalpiniaceae / Fabaceae / Leguminosae Herbs Antibacterial, It stimulates contraction of plain muscles like uterus, intestine, bladder and muscles in the blood vessels. Chaksine has ganglion blocking property. Used externally as a paste or collyrium in eye diseases like netra abishyanda (conjunctivitis), potaki (trachoma), netrasrava (Chronic dacryocystitis). Externally used as paste for wound healing, skin diseases like Dadru (ringworm) Used internally in the form of kashaya (decoction) to treat diseases like Grahani ( irritable bowel syndrome), raktatisara ( Diarrhea with blood) Used internally in powder form to treat ashmari (renal stones), mootrakrichha (difficulty in micturition). Used internally in the form of kashaya to stop internal bleeding. Used internally in the form of kashaya to treat sthavara and jangama visha (poison of plant and animal origin). Chaksu seeds or its soaked seed powder, in a dose of 1 – 2 grams is administered for the treatment of hypertension. asthma;
126 Cassia mimosoides DC. Caesalpiniaceae / Fabaceae / Leguminosae Herbs AntiDiarrheal, stomachic, used for colic, Milk decoction used in dysentery, Entire plant used as remedy for facial eruptions, Roots given for stomach spasms. Anti-Ulcer / Leaves, Anti-cancer(Wozniak et al., 2015)
127 Cassia tora L. Caesalpiniaceae / Fabaceae / Leguminosae Herbs Esabgol, Head achae, anti-cancer, snake bite poisoning, reduces cholesterol, psoriasis, Anti-bacterial,
128 Drosera indica L. Droseraceae Herbs bronchial infection, whooping cough, hyperglyceamia, hypolipidaemia, tuberculosis, spasms, microbial infections, leprosy, leishmaniasis, malaria, cancer, fertility problems, arteriosclerosis, phthisis, asthma, and acts as immunomodulator, cosmetic, aphrodisiac, chitin synthetase inhibitor, insecticide, antifeedant, abortifacient
129 Ammannia baccifera L. Lythraceae Herbs antiurolithic, antifertility, anthelmintic, anti-microbial, analgesic; scabies, ringworm, parasitic skin infections, common cold, typhoid, strangury, spinal disease, gastroenteropathy and aphrodisiac, antitumor, anti-inflammatory, antiarthritic, antianalgesic, anti-pyretic, antidiuretic, Anti-cancer (Król et al., 2015)
130 Ammannia multiflora Roxb. Lythraceae Herbs Antimalarial
131 Ludwigia perennis L. Onagraceae Herbs The plant is boiled in oil and applied externally to reduce fever(Datta and Banerjee, 1979).
132 Cucumis callosus (Rottb.) Cogn. Cucurbitaceae Herbs anti-diabetic, anti-oxidant, ANTI-HYPERLIPIDAEMIC; Fruit is traditionally used to prevent insanity to strong memory and remove vertigo. The seeds are cooling and astringent and useful in bilious disorder. diabetics; cooling effect, improve appetite, easy bowl syndrome, relives stomach pain, vomiting and constipation; indigestion, dropsy, and pulp of fruit used in abortion (abortifacient) and to increase menses for women; epilepsy and Diarrhea
133 Cucumis melo L. Cucurbitaceae Herbs diuretic, chronic or acute eczema, fruit is cooling, fattening, tonic, laxative, aphrodisiac and diuretic; cures biliousness, insanity, ascites and allays fatigue. The seeds are lachrymatory, diuretic, cooling, tonic and nutritive; used in ophthalmia, liver and kidney troubles, bronchitis, burning of the throat, chronic fever, painful discharges and supression of urine. They are also beneficial to the enlargement of prostate gland.
134 Begonia crenata Dryand. Begoniaceae Herbs Acidity
135 Glinus lotoides L. Molluginaceae Herbs Seed used in treatment of tapeworm infestation. The plant is considered useful in abdominal disorders. It is used as an anti-septic, an anthelmintic, as a treatment for Diarrhea and bilious attacks, and as a purgative for curing boils, wounds and pain in general. The juice of the plant is also sometimes given to weak children for strength.
136 Glinus oppositifolius (L.) Aug.DC. Molluginaceae Herbs Treating abdominal pain; jaundice; malaria; wound healing; joint pains, inflammations, Diarrhea, intestinal parasites, fever, boils, skin disorders, immunomodulating effects, chronic and recurrent infections, cancer, rheumatoid arthritis; The plant is said to promote digestion and salivation. It is used as a treatment for bowel complaints and syphilitic affections.
137 Mollugo pentaphylla L. Molluginaceae Herbs The plant is anti-pyretic, anti-septic, appetizer, emmenagogue, laxative and stomachic. The plant is a component of an important folk medicine in Taiwan, which is used as an anti-cancer, anti-toxic and diuretic agent. The leaves are used to make a soup that is said to promote the appetite. They are also used to treat sprue and mouth infections. A decoction of the roots is used to treat eye diseases.
138 Trianthema portulacastrum L. Zygophyllaceae / Aizoaceae Herbs Urinal diseases. The roots are abortifacient (in large doses), cathartic, emmenagogue and stomachic properties. They are used to relieve obstructions of the liver, and to relieve asthma and amenorrhoea. A decoction of the powdered root is taken to treat venereal discharge. The leaves are diuretic. They are used in the treatment of oedema, jaundice, strangury and dropsy. The old leaves are used in a treatment against gonorrhea. The fleshy nature of the leaves makes them suitable for use as a wound-dressing or poultice. A decoction of the herb is used as a vermifuge and is useful in rheumatism; it is considered an anti-dote to alcoholic poisoning.
139 Borreria articularis (L.f.) F.N.Williams Rubiaceae Herbs Plant is used in ophthalmia, inflammation of eye and gums, blindness, earache, fever, spleen complaints, pimples, sores and dysentery. A decoction of the root is used as an alterative. Seeds are used in Diarrhea and dysentery in Khagrachari.
140 Borreria stricta G. Mey. Rubiaceae Herbs The plant is considered to be emetic and stomachic. The leaves are diuretic and purgative. Although used as a purgative, they are also used in the treatment of Diarrhea as well as conditions such as schistosomiasis, kidney problems, fever and blennorrhagia. The leaves are said to be applied topically in the treatment of skin problems such as leprosy, furuncles, ulcers, itches and gonorrheal sores.
141 Dentella repens J.R. Forst. & G. Forst. Rubiaceae Herbs poulticing sores, blood pressure, blood purification, improve eyesight damaged by high blood sugar, laxative, leaves are used for poulticing sores.
142 Oldenlandia affinis (Roem. & Schult.) DC. Rubiaceae Herbs used as an oxitocic agent during labour.
143 Oldenlandia corymbosa L. Rubiaceae Herbs The leaves are pounded, soaked in warm water and the liquid drunk to treat stomach disorders. They are used externally as a poultice to treat sores and sore eyes. The entire plant is used in decoction as an anthelmintic, antirheumatic, depurative, diaphoretic, digestive, diuretic, febrifuge, pectoral and stomachic. In India, it is a common ingredient in mixtures used internally to treat remittent fevers, gastric irritation, nervous depression and as a tonic. It is also used to treat jaundice and other liver conditions. The juice of the plant is applied to the hands and feet to cool them when the patient has a fever. The roots are reported to have vermifuge properties. They are often used as a tincture.
144 Acanthospermum hispidum DC. Asteraceae / Compositae Herbs jaundice, malaria, vomiting, cephalgias, headache, abdominal pain, convulsions, stomachache, constipation, eruptive fever, snake bite, epilepsy, blennorrhoea, hepato-biliary disorders, malaria, microbial infection and viral infections
145 Ageratum conyzoides L. Asteraceae / Compositae Herbs pneumonia, Burns, Fever, Rheumatism, Headache, Colic, Colds, Diarrhea, Rheumatism, Spasms. Whole plant: applied externally in ague. Roots: juice. Leaves: applied to wounds. Anti-cancer (Ogunwande et al., 2010); tumorogenic;
146 Bidens biternata (Lour.) Merr. & Sherff Asteraceae / Compositae Herbs Plant given in leprosy and skin diseases. Also useful in fistulae, pustules, tumours, phthisis, coughs, bites, stabs and other wounds. Infusion of leaf and root, a remedy for colic, juice of leaves applied to heal ulcers and to cure eye and ear problems. Rrubbed leaves are also used as a haemostatic on wounds, and wrapped around the umbilical cord of babies. Dried flower buds used in toothache. Flowers used in diarrohoia. Plant juice is used for eyesores. Seeds are used to cure anthelminthic problems in animals. Used to treat eye and ear affections (leaf juice); applied to skin affections in general, as a haemostatic on wounds, and wrapped around the umbilical cord of babies (rubbed leaves). The leaf juice is used to treat eye and ear affections. The rubbed leaves are applied to skin affections in general, as a haemostatic on wounds, and wrapped around the umbilical cord of babies. The seeds are applied as an anthelmintic in animals.
147 Blainvillea acmella (L.) Philipson Asteraceae / Compositae Herbs Leaves are used in rheumatism, flowers are used for headache. useful in the treatment of malaria;
148 Blumea eriantha DC. Asteraceae / Compositae Herbs anti-cancer, Sudorific, carminative, diuretic and emmenagogue. Essential oil: anti-bacterial, anti-fungal.
149 Blumea laciniata (Wall. ex Roxb.) DC. Asteraceae / Compositae Herbs Mouth diseases of cattle, eczema and skin diseases
150 Blumea membranacea DC. Asteraceae / Compositae Herbs The plant juice is used to relieve body pain. Leaf juice given in pneumonia. (Bhogaonkar and Devarkar 2002)
151 Blumea mollis (D.Don) Merr. Asteraceae / Compositae Herbs The leaf of the plant is traditionally used for skin diseases and the boiled herb is used to treat Diarrhea.
152 Caesulia axillaris Roxb. Asteraceae / Compositae Herbs anti-fungal and antiaflatoxigenic
153 Centratherum anthelminticum (L.) O. Ketz. Asteraceae / Compositae Herbs It is widely used as folk medicine for diabetes in Rayalaseema, India and a popular ingredient in Ayurvedic medicine. In other places, C anthelminticum has been traditionally applied as anthelmintic, stomachic, digestive, diuretic, tonic, alterative, anti-phlegmatic, anti-asthmatic, anti-phlegmatic treatment, as well as a therapeutic agent for cough, Diarrhea, helmint, skin diseases, ulcers, leucoderma and fevers. anti-diabetic (seed)
154 Cosmos sulphureus Cav. Asteraceae / Compositae Herbs consumed in salads or herbal tea with the effect of inhibiting pancreatic lipase. high dose of paracetamol extract of the plant has a Hepatoprotective effect.
155 Cyathocline purpurea (Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don) Kuntze Asteraceae Herbs cancer
156 Dichrocephala integrifolia (L.f.) Kuntze Asteraceae Herbs Diuretic, Anti-viral, Ulcer and swelling, Blennorrhoea, Leucorrhoea, Filariasis, Malaria, Migraine, Wounds, dyspepsia,
157 Echinops echinatus L. Asteraceae / Compositae Herbs Urinal diseases
158 Eclipta prostrata (L.) L. - false daisy Asteraceae / Compositae Herbs Bhringraj is mainly used in hair oils, but it has been considered a good drug in hepatotoxicity. In hair oils, it may be used alongwith Centela asiatica (Brahmi) and Phyllanthus emblica (Amla) It may be used to prevent habitual abortion (abortifacient) and miscarriage and also in cases of post-delivery uterine pain. A decoction of leaves is used in uterine haemorrhage. The juice of the plant with honey is given to infants with castor oil for expulsion of worms. For the relief in piles, fumigation with Eclipta alba is considered beneficial. The paste prepared by mincing fresh plants has got an anti-inflammatory effect and may be applied to insect bites, stings, swellings and other skin diseases. Asthma;
159 Elephantopus scaber L. Asteraceae / Compositae Herbs Astringent, Cardiac tonic, diuretic, eczema, rheumatism, fever and bladder stones.
160 Emilia sonchifolia (L.) DC. Asteraceae / Compositae Herbs Fever, Sore throat, Diarrhea, Snake bite,
161 Glossocardia bosvallia (L.f.) DC. Asteraceae / Compositae Herbs Healing sores and woundes, Pithari plant is used as an emmenagogue in medicine. In Ayurveda, the plant is used as a substitute for Oldenlandia corymbosa. The tribal inhabitants of western Maharashtra use a decoction of the plant as febrifuge. A paste of the fresh Pithari plant is applied to promote healing of sores and wounds. It has a bitter taste and fennel like odour. Besides serving as a medicinal plant Pithari plant is also used in culinary purposes. People of some states in India take Pithari plant as a vegetable.
162 Gnaphalium luteo-album Asteraceae / Compositae Herbs The leaves are used as an astringent and vulnerary. The tomentum is applied as counter irritant for gout. Leaves: useful in wounds and burns, also used internally to check discharge of blood serum or mucous secretions.
163 Grangea maderaspatana (L.) Poir. Asteraceae Herbs Leaves are regarded in India as a valuable stomachic possessing deobstruent and antispasmodic properties, and are prescribed as an infusion and an electuary in cases of obstructed menses and hysteria. oestrogenicity, antifertility, analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antiarthritic, cytotoxic, anti-oxidant, Hepatoprotective, diuretic and anti-microbial activities
164 Lagascea mollis Cav. Asteraceae / Compositae Herbs Leaf paste is applied on cuts or injuries. Plant ash used on cuts.
165 Sonchus asper (L.) Hill Asteraceae / Compositae Herbs Plant extract is applied to fresh injuries. Plants are pounded and applied to wounds and boils. Herb is used as an emollient.
166 Sonchus oleraceus L. Asteraceae / Compositae Herbs It is used medicinally to treat Diarrhea, menstrual problems, fever, inflammation and warts. As abortifacient as a cathartic, a sedative, cancer treatment, a vermisides aid for toothache. Plant is useful in liver diseases. Leaves and roots are used in indegestion as febrifuge; stem is used as sedative, tonic; root extract is used in ointments for ulcers and wounds. Gum produced by evaporating latex is used for ascites and hydrothorax. enteritis, Diarrhea, pneumonia, hepatitis, appendicitis, chronic bronchopneumonia, icterus, throat swelling, haematemesis and uraemia
167 Sphaeranthus indicus L. Asteraceae / Compositae Herbs Warmicide, Hair tonic, According to Ayurveda, this herb is hot, laxative, digestible, tonic, fattening, alterative, anthelmintic and alexipharmic. It is used in insanity, tuberculosis, indigestion, bronchitis, spleen diseases, elephantiasis, anaemia, pain in uterus and vagina, piles, asthma, leucoderma, dysentery, vomiting, hemicrania, etc.
168 Spilanthes calva DC. Asteraceae Herbs Stammering, toothache, stomatitis, diuretic, Anti-viral; anti-pyretic; anti-inflammatory; anti-oxidant;
169 Tridax procumbens (L.) L. Asteraceae / Compositae Herbs anti-septic, Anti-cancer (Priya and Srinivasa, 2015)
170 Vernonia cinerea (L.) Less Asteraceae Herbs Eye problems, The seeds yield a fatty oil and are used as an anthelmintic and alexipharmic; they are said to be quite effective against roundworms and threadworms. They are also given for coughs, flatulence, intestinal colic and dysuria and for leucoderma, psoriasis and other chronic skin-diseases. The seeds are made into a paste with lime juice and used for destroying pediculi.
171 Vicoa indica (L.) DC. Asteraceae / Compositae Herbs anti-viral; an antifertility agent; contraceptive;
172 Xanthium strumarium L. Asteraceae / Compositae Herbs analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antiarthritic, cytotoxic, anti-angiogenesis and anti-viral; used in Traditional Chinese Medicine to treat nasal sinusitis, headache, urticaria and arthritis (Committee, 2010); The whole plant, specially root and fruit, is used as medicine. According to Ayurveda, X. strumarium is cooling, laxative, fattening, anthelmintic, alexiteric, tonic, digestive, anti-pyretic, and improves appetite, voice, complexion, and memory. It cures leucoderma, biliousness, poisonous bites of insects, epilepsy, salivation and fever.
173 Catharanthus pusillus (Murr.) G. Don Apocynaceae Herbs Antioxidant and anti-cancer
174 Cryptolepis buchanani Roemer & Schultes Asclepiadaceae Herbs Anti-dermatophyte activity; Root is demulcent, alterative, tonic and is useful in loss of appetite, fever and skin diseases. It is considered as a blood purifier and extensively used in skin diseases and leprosy. It is prescribed to children for rickets; treatment of bone fracture; anti-bacterial; analgesic; anti-inflammatory; chondroprotective activity; muscle pain and joint pain;
175 Canscora decurrens Dalz. Gentianaceae Herbs The Plant is used as a nerve tonic.
176 Enicostema hyssopifolium (Willd.) Verdoorn Gentianaceae Herbs The plant is used in folk medicine to treat diabetes mellitus, rheumatisum, abdominal ulcers, hernia, swelling, itching and insect poisoning.
177 Exacum pedunculatum L. Gentianaceae Herbs remedy for diabetes and skin diseases,
178 Hoppea dichotoma Hayne ex Willd. Gentianaceae Herbs Bite(Snake), Epilepsy, Piles
179 Coldenia procumbens L. Boraginaceae Herbs Boil, Rheumatism, Suppurative, Swelling, Tumor,
180 Heliotropium ovalifolium Forssk. Boraginaceae Herbs Poison, Sore, Syphilis
181 Heliotropium supinum L. Boraginaceae Herbs The pulped plant is mixed with water and applied to tumours. The pyrrolizidine alkaloids heliotrine and lasiocarpine have been isolated, and extracts have been tested as a control agent for Sclerotinia sclerotiorum, a chickpea disease, with limited success. eczema.
182 Trichodesma indicum (L.) R. Br. Boraginaceae Herbs Depurative, Diuretic, Dysentery, Emollient, Fever, Pectoral, Sudorific
183 Trichodesma zeylanicum (Burn. fil.) R. Br. Boraginaceae Herbs The roots are analgesic. They are chewed or pounded and then soaked in cold water. The resultant infusion is used as a remedy for tuberculosis, stomach ache, Diarrhea, poisoning, and snake bite. The powdered root is applied externally to wounds to relieve the pain. The green leaves and roots are chewed and used as a poultice for both fresh and infected wounds; boils; and snake bite. The plant is diuretic. A decoction is used as a treatment against fevers and dysentery. The ash of burnt plants is an ingredient of prescriptions used for treating coughs and scabies. The leaves are used to prevent stillbirth. The seed oil is used for it's emollient properties.
184 Argyreia sericea Dalz. & Gib. Convolvulaceae Herbs root and leaves are taken to improve lactation
185 Convolvulus arvensis L Convolvulaceae Herbs Leaves are used in medicine for spider bites and intestinal stimulant. Leaves and roots are considered to be laxatives. Traditionally it is used to treat skin ulcers, reducing wounds, inflammation and swelling. abdominal pain, abdominal worms, immunostimulant, diuretic,leaves have been used in asthma , jaundice and as antihemorrhagic.
186 Convolvulus flavus Willd Convolvulaceae Herbs A poultice of the leaves, combined with turmeric (Curcuma longa) and broken rice, is used to heal cracks in the hands and feet. The plant is used medicinally for treating acute tonsillitis.
187 Evolvulus alsinoides (L.) L. Convolvulaceae Herbs Psychotropic, Nootropic; Alopecia; Asthma; Bronchitis; Fever; Fumitory; Gonorrhea; Hair-Growth; Tonic; Vermifuge; alterative; anthelminthic; Dysentery; antiDiarrheal; debility; loss of memory; anti-ulcer;
188 Ipomoea eriocarpa R.Br. Convolvulaceae Herbs An oil extract used externally against headache, rheumatism, leprosy, epilepsy, ulcers and fever. In veterinary medicine, the oil extracts used to cure wounds of cattle. anti-arthritic, anti-diabetic, anti-inflammatory, anti-arthritic, anti-diabetic, anti-pyretic, antisecretory, anti-oxidant,
189 Ipomoea muricata (Linn.) Jacq. Convolvulaceae Herbs Purgative, febrifuge. Seeds—cardiac depressant, spasmolytic, hypotensive, anti-bacterial, anti-fungal. Plant juice destroys bedbugs. hypotensive, psychotropic, analgesic, and uterus and intestine-stimulating properties.
190 Ipomoea pes-tigridis L. Convolvulaceae Herbs The mashed leaves are applied as a poultice on sores, boils, pimples, and tumours. The leaf powder is smoked to get relief from bronchial spasm. The entire plant is crushed and the juice extracted and take orally for treatment of or prevention of rabies if bitten by a rabid dog. A decoction of the root is considered purgative and is also administered as a treatment for haemoptysis. The seed is taken as a remedy for dropsy.
191 Chlorophytum laxum R. Br. Liliaceae Herbs eaten while the roots are used as traditional medicine to treat Diarrhea and dysentery and also used as demulcent and galactogogue. treatment of Piles, Astringent,
192 Commelina erecta L. Commelinaceae Herbs The plant is emollient and vulnerary. It is used in the treatment of wounds. A decoction is used as an external wash for mycoses. It is macerated in rum and then rubbed on spider bites to bring relief. The sap is used as an oral contraceptive.
193 Rivea hypocrateriformis (Desr.) Choisy Convolvulaceae Herbs anti-diabetic, anti-implantation, in the treatment of burns and piles, pregnancy irruption, as antidepressant, as anti-cancer and as an analgesic.
194 Cuscuta chinensis Lam. Cuscutaceae Herbs seeds used for the treatment of autoimmune diseases; improving the differentiation and proliferation of osteoblasts; preventing and treating cardiovascular diseases; Aphrodisiac; Demulcent; Diaphoretic; Hepatic; Kidney; Ophthalmic; Tonic;
195 Cuscuta reflexa Roxb. Cuscutaceae Herbs headache, labour pain, bone fracture, fever, rheumatism, impotence, premature ejaculation, sperm leakage, frequent urination, ringing in the ears, lower back pain, sore knees, leucorrhea, dry eyes, blurred vision, and tired eyes.
196 Nicandra physaloides (L.) Scop. Solanaceae Herbs Diuretic, sedative, cough, amoebiasis, anti-pyretic, constipation, laxative, analgesic, anthelmintic, anti-biotic, anti-inflammatory, toothache; Leaf juice given in amoebic dysentery (Bhogaonkar and Devarkar 2002).
197 Nicotiana plumbaginifolia Viv. Solanaceae Herbs Leaf juice for skin diseases. Veterinary medicine, ground leaves as germicide for animal wounds. analgesic and anxiolytic activities; anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective;
198 Physalis longifolia Nutt. Solanaceae Herbs antitumor, cytotoxic, anti-proliferative activity;
199 Physalis minima L. Solanaceae Herbs The plant has been used as a diuretic for various urinary problems. There seems to be no scientific data to support this. Its use for bladder problems may go back to the doctrine of signatures. Physalis is the Greek word for bladder. diuretic, purgative, analgesic, anthelmentic, febrifuge, vermifuge, abortificient,antifertility, hypoglycemic, cytotoxic, anti-ulcer, anti-bacterial, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, anti-pyretic, anti-malarial, amylase,
200 Solanum nigrum L. Solanaceae Herbs Digestive, Antibiotic, Anti-cancer (Paul et al., 2015); anti-pyretic, diuretic, anti-cancer, Hepatoprotective effects. Black nightshade is used for skin diseases, rheumatism, and gout. Juice of the herb is given in chronic enlargement of the liver. It can cure ear, and eye diseases. It is sometimes prescribed to "remove the effect of old age."
201 Solanum surattense Burm. f. Solanaceae Herbs Panchang (whole herb including roots) and berries, have anthelmintic property, useful in bronchitis, asthma, fever relieving, thirst and given in urinary concretions. The leaves have good application for piles. The fruit is laxative. Fumigations with the vapour of the burning seeds of this plant are found useful for the cure of toothache. Plant used as diuretic, in dropsy, leaves applied locally to relieve pain in rheumatism.
202 Bacopa monnieri (L.) Pennell. Scrophulariaceae Herbs Epilepsy, Asthma, ulcer, tumors, ascites, enlarged spleen, inflammations, leprosy, anemia and gastroenteritis, anti-oxidant. Famed in Ayurvedic medicine, brahmi has anti-oxidant properties. It has been reported to reduce oxidation of fats in the blood stream, which is a risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. It has been used for centuries to help benefit epilepsy, memory capacity, increase concentration, and reduce stress-induced anxiety. It is listed as a nootropic, a drug that enhances cognitive ability. According to Ayurveda, it is bitter, pungent, heating, emetic, laxative and useful in bad ulcers, tumours, ascites, enlargement of spleen, indigestion, inflammations, leprosy, anaemia, biliousness etc. According to Unani system of medicine, it is bitter, aphrodisiac, good in scabies, leucoderma, syphilis etc. It is a promising blood purifier and useful in Diarrhea and fevers.
203 Buchnera hispida Buch.-Ham. ex D. Don Scrophulariaceae Herbs The dried powdered plant is mixed with castor oil and applied externally to treat scabies and eczema.
204 Kickxia ramosissima (L.) Dumort. Scrophulariaceae Herbs It is used for a number of ailments, for instance as diuretic, against kidney stones, fever and rheumatism and during management of snake and scorpion bites; diabetic and inflammatory conditions
205 Limnophila indica (L.) Druce Scrophulariaceae Herbs The plant is anti-septic, febrifuge. An infusion of the leaves is used in the treatment of dysentery, Diarrhea and dyspepsia. The juice of the plant, combined with cumin (Cuminum cyminum L.) and other aromatic plants, is used in the treatment of dysentery. The juice of the plant is rubbed on the body as a remedy for strong fevers. A liniment is made from the plant, combined with coconut oil, and is used in elephantiasi.
206 Lindenbergia muraria (Roxb. ex D. Don) Bruhl. Orobanchaceae Herbs Ringworms; Itching;
207 Lindernia ciliata (Colsmann) Pennell. Scrophulariaceae Herbs The sap from the crushed leaves is given after childbirth. In Taiwan, the plant is considered an effective cure for menorrhagia.
208 Lindernia crustacea (L.) F. Muell. Scrophulariaceae Herbs The plant is considered to have emetic and cathartic properties. It has given good results in treating bilious disorders, dysentery, amenorrhoea, and hepatitis. The powdered herb, mixed with rice water, is drunk to relieve Diarrhea, vomiting and cholera. A decoction of the leaves is given as a medicine after childbirth. An infusion is used to diminish leakage of albuminuria and to treat leprosy. A decoction is drunk as a tea for its febrifuge effect. The leaf decoction is applied topically to boils and itches, herpes-like sores, and to sores caused by forest ticks. The juice of the aerial parts of the plant, mixed with turmeric (Curcuma longa) and heated with a little water, is applied topically to treat infected fingernails.
209 Mecardonia procumbens (Mill.) Small Plantaginaceae Herbs Wounds
210 Scoparia dulcis L. Plantaginaceae Herbs The whole plant is used for ailments like Diarrhea, stomach-ache, kidney stones, kidney problems, and fever. anti-diabetic, digestive problems, pulmonary complaints, fevers, skin disorders, antibilious, antibiotic, anti-dote, aphrodisiac, bitter, blood purifier, emetic, febrifuge, hepatic, hypoglycaemic, stomachic, cough, bronchitis, hypertension, haemorrhoids, insect bites, cytotoxic activity against cancer
211 Sopubia delphinifolia (L.) G. Don Scrophulariaceae Herbs Root—juice applied to sores on feet, caused by constant exposure to water and moisture,
212 Stemodia viscosa Roxb. Scrophulariaceae Herbs cold, flu,
213 Stemodia durantifolia var. angustifolia Griseb. Plantaginaceae Herbs antifertility
214 Veronica anagallis-aquatica L. Asteraceae Herbs The root and the leaves are appetizers and have agents that gradually restore health, and that induce urination. The leaves have been used in the treatment of scurvy, impurity of the blood etc. The plant is bruised and applied externally as a poultice on burns, ulcers, whitlows, etc.
215 Sesamum indicum L. Pedaliaceae Herbs The leaves and seed are astringent. The leaves are rich in a gummy matter and when mixed with water they form a rich bland mucilage that is used in the treatment of infant cholera, Diarrhea, dysentery, catarrh and bladder troubles. The seed is diuretic, emollient, galactogogue, lenitive and tonic, and acts as a tonic for the liver and kidneys. It is taken internally in the treatment of premature hair loss and greying, convalescence, chronic dry constipation, dental caries, osteoporosis, stiff joints, dry cough etc. It has a marked ability to increase milk production in nursing mothers. Externally it is used to treat haemorrhoids and ulcers. The seed is very high in calories and so should be used with caution by people who are overweight. The oil is laxative and also promotes menstruation. It is used to treat dry constipation in the elderly. Mixed with lime water, the oil is used externally to treat burns, boils and ulcers. A decoction of the root is used in various traditions to treat asthma and coughs. Sesamum mulayanum: The oil used for massage and also given internally in arthritis. Oil is supposed to have abortifacient property (Bhogaonkar and Devarkar 2002).
216 Blepharis maderaspatensis (L.) Heyne ex Roth. Acanthaceae Herbs dysuria, headache, diseases of nervous system, diuretic, aphrodisiac,
217 Dicliptera verticillata (Forssk.) C. Christensen Acanthaceae Herbs malaria and Diarrhea
218 Dipteracanthus patulus (Jacq.) Nees Acanthaceae Herbs treatment of wounds, leaves are used for treating itches, insect bites, sores, eye diseases, tumours, skin diseases, rheumatic complaints, renal affections, dental problems and insect bites. treatment of gonorrhea, syphilis, eye sore, renal infection, cough, wounds, scalds, toothache, stomachache and kidney stones
219 Eranthemum roseum Acanthaceae Herbs Leucorrhoea; anti-ulcer;
220 Hemigraphis latebrosa (Roth) Nees Acanthaceae Herbs Malaria; Plant decoction used as blood purifier. (Bhogaonkar and Devarkar 2002).
221 Hygrophila auriculata (Schumach.) Heine Acanthaceae Herbs Kokilaksha, as it is known in sanskrit, was extensively used in Ayurvedic system of medicine for various ailments like rheumatism, inflammation, jaundice, hepatic obstruction, pain, etc. Hygrophila stimulates the male genital system and is beneficial in the treatment of sexual debility, premature ejaculation and erectile failure. It is also a potent remedy for kidney stones. anti-cancer
222 Indoneesiella echioides (L.) Sreemadh Acanthaceae Herbs goitre, liver diseases, fertility problems,bacterial, malarial & fungal disorders; fevers; influenza, malaria, dyspepsia and respiratory diseases; The leaf juice is mixed and boiled with coconut oils used to control falling and greying of hair.
223 Justicia procumbens L. Acanthaceae Herbs The plant is alterative, anthelmintic, antiphlogistic, depurative, diaphoretic, diuretic, expectorant, febrifuge and laxative. A decoction or an infusion is used in the treatment of asthma, cough, backache, flatulence and many skin conditions. anti-HIV; anti-viral; anti-cancer;
224 Justicia prostrata Gamble Acanthaceae Herbs treatment of fever, pain, inflammation, diabetes, Diarrhea and liver diseases. They also possess anti-tumoral, anti-viral, analgesic and anti-inflammatory activities
225 Justicia simplex D. Don Acanthaceae Herbs The plant is diuretic, stomachic, expectorant, anthelmintic, diaphoretic and aperient; removes indigestion, biliousness, fever and burning of the body; strengthens the lungs, the teeth, stops vomiting; good in diseases of the spleen. Along with black pepper given in ague. Leaf juice is dropped into eyes in case of ophthalmia. rheumatism, inflammation and bronchitis. anti-cancer;
226 Justicia quinqueangularis Koen. ex Roxb. Acanthaceae Herbs Leaf juice or water extract given in acidity (Bhogaonkar and Devarkar 2002).
227 Lepidagathis cristata Willd. Acanthaceae Herbs Skin diseases, Tonic, fever, inflammations, malaria, skin itch, burns and wounds.
228 Lepidagathis trinervis Nees Acanthaceae Herbs The plant is considered as a bitter tonic. Ash of this plant is mixed with oil and applied on blotches, swellings etc. It is also applied on ringworm and itch with sulphur. Leaves are used as substitute for tea by some people. It is used for rheumatic affections.
229 Rungia pectinata (L.) Nees. Acanthaceae Herbs anti-inflammatory; Leaf juice is considered cooling and aperient; prescribed for children suffering from small-pox in doses of a tablespoonful or two, twice daily. Bruised leaves applied to contusions to relieve pain and swelling. Roots are given in fever. Spray of leaf decoction kills bedbugs by the Marma.
230 Rungia repens (L.) Nees Acanthaceae Herbs The herb is dried and pulverized for use in the treatment of cough and fever; it is also credited with vermifugal and diuretic properties. Fresh, bruised leaves are mixed with castor oil and applied to scalp to cure Tinea capitis, a scaly fungoid infection, usually occurring amongst children.
231 Phyla nodiflora (L.) Greene Verbenaceae Herbs The plant is anodyne, anti-bacterial, astringent, carminative, deobstruent, diuretic, emmenagogue, emollient, febrifuge, parasiticide and refrigerant. It is said to be useful in the treatment of blenorrhoea, lithiasis, ischuria, constipation and pain in the knees. It is used in the treatment of hookworm. An infusion is drunk as a post-partum tonic. The juice of the plant is cooling and is used to relieve minor gastric troubles, fevers, coughs and colds. The aroma of the inhaled plant is breathed in to treat coughs and colds. A poultice of the fresh plant is applied to ripen boils. A paste or poultice is also applied to swollen cervical glands, to erysipelas, burns, and to chronic indolent ulcers.
232 Stachytarpheta jamaicensis (L.) Vahl Verbenaceae Herbs used traditionally by the elderly as a cure for allergies and respiratory conditions, cough, cold, fever, constipation, digestive complications, and dysentery and promotes menstruation; also known to demonstrate antacid, analgesic, anti-inflammatory, hypotensive, antihelminthic, diuretic, laxative, lactagogue, purgative, sedative, spasmogenic, vasodilator, vulnerary, and vermifuge properties
233 Acrocephalus hispidus (L.) Nicolson & Sivad. Lamiaceae Herbs Cold, sore throat, expectora
234 Anisochilus carnosus (L.f.) Wall Lamiaceae Herbs gastric ulcer and skin diseases
235 Lavandula bipinnata (Roth) Kuntze Lamiaceae Herbs The essential oil yield from it is highly effective and can be used in balms, perfumes, cosmetics and topical application. It is believed to be of benefit for a problem includes anxiety, headaches, depression, cold and as a breath freshener and mouthwash.
236 Leucas aspera (Willd.) Link Lamiaceae / Labiatae Herbs used traditionally as an anti-pyretic and insecticide; Medicinally, it has been proven to possess various pharmacological activities like anti-fungal, anti-oxidant, anti-microbial, antinociceptive and cytotoxic activity; Flowers are valued as stimulant, expectorant, aperient, diaphoretic, insecticide and emmenagogue. Leaves are considered useful in chronic rheumatism, psoriasis and other chronic skin eruptions. Bruised leaves are applied locally in snake bites.
237 Leucas biflora (Vahl) Sm. Lamiaceae / Labiatae Herbs anti-diabetic; In ethnic medicine in NE India, the mature leaf decoction is uses as eye drop twice a day in case of conjunctivitis. The mature leaves ground with the leaves of Centella asiatica in a ratio of 2:1 and the juice extracted from this mixture is applied directly to stop instance of bleeding from nose. Four to five leaves are also prescribed to chew with a leaf of Piper betel (Pan Pata) for the women who suffer from white discharge.
238 Leucas cephalotes (Roth) Spreng. Lamiaceae / Labiatae Herbs treatment for snake bite; The juice extracted from leaves is used to cure skin problems. According to Ayurveda, the plant is mild stimulant and diaphoretic and used in fevers and coughs. The flowers mixed in honey is used as domestic remedy for cough and colds.
239 Leucas mollissima Wall. ex Benth. Lamiaceae / Labiatae Herbs Antimalarial and Antimycobacterium Activities
240 Leucas zeylanica (L.) W.T. Aiton Lamiaceae / Labiatae Herbs Leaves is used for sores of eyes and nostrils. A poultice for scabies, itches, headaches, vertigo, and colic. Also used as a vermifuge with children. fever, jaundice, and for scorpion and snake bites.
241 Nepeta hindostana (Roth) Haines Lamiaceae / Labiatae Herbs The plant is known for uses such as cardiac, brain, and gastric tonic. It is a blood purifier and relieves high blood pressure. It has anti-asthmatic, anti-catarrhal, and sedative properties. It is used to treat fever, body ache, diarrheoa, dysentery, as a carminative and antispasmodic agent, as a gargle for sore throat and bad breath, also to treat gonorrhea. The plant also has hypocholesterolaemic and central nervous system (CNS) depressant effects.
242 Ocimum canum Sims. Lamiaceae / Labiatae Herbs Antibiotic
243 Orthosiphon rubicundus (D.Don) Benth. Lamiaceae / Labiatae Herbs traditional medicine
244 Plectranthus mollis (Aiton) Spreng. Lamiaceae / Labiatae Herbs snake bites, respiratory stimulant and vasoconstrictor, cardiac depressant, cure for haemorrahage, treatment of mental retardation and rheumatism. P. mollis is reported to exhibit relaxant activity on smooth and skeletal muscles, and has cytotoxic and anti-tumour promoting activity, and can be used in the treatment of cancer.
245 Plectranthus rugosus Wall. ex Benth. Lamiaceae / Labiatae Herbs The plant is used in traditional medical practices in toothache and is claimed to be effective as an anti-septic, a hypoglycaemic, an anti-Diarrheal and a bronchodilator. An extract of leaves is also used to treat hypertension, fevers, rheumatism and toothache.
246 Salvia coccinea Buc'hoz ex Etl. Lamiaceae / Labiatae Herbs inflammation and oxidative stress
247 Boerhavia diffusa L. Nyctaginaceae Herbs Blood purification, in vitro anti-cancer, antiestrogenic, immunomodulatory and anti-amoebic. Popular in Ayurveda, this herb is known for its anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties. The roots of Boerhavia diffusa, commonly known as 'Punarnava', are used by a large number of tribes in India for the treatment of various hepatic disorders and for internal inflammation. Anodectal data has also reported effectiveness of Boerhavia diffusa incases of oedema and ascites resulting from early cirrhosis of the liver and chronic peritonitis.
248 Achyranthes aspera L. Amaranthaceae Herbs to treat fistula, and as oral medicine for obesity, tumors; used in treatment of cough, bronchitis and rheumatism, malarial fever, dysentery, asthma, hypertension and diabetes, anti-cancer, emmenagogue, purgative, diuretic, anti-malarial, antihyperlipidemic, estrogenic, antileprotic, antispasmodic, cardiotonic, anti-bacterial, and anti-viral agents in traditional systems of medicine. It is also used as antiasthmatic antitussive and in the treatment of snake bite, hydrophobia, urinary calculi, rabies, influenza, otorrhoea, piles, bronchitis, Diarrhea, renal dropsies, gonorrhea, and abdominal pain.
249 Aerva lanata (L.) Juss. ex Schult. Amaranthaceae Herbs Urinal diseases, Antimicrobial, urethral problems, lithiasis, and gonorrhea; Decoction of complete plant used in kidney stone or kidney pain.
250 Allmania nodiflora (L.) R. Br. ex Wight Amaranthaceae Herbs folk medicine to treat constipation, decentry and febrifuge contains adequate amount of nutrients. The reported activities are anti-fungal, anti-bacterial, anti-diabetic, anti-oxidant activity, sedative and anxiolytic, anti-helminthic, anti-tumor, anti-ulcer activity; anti-inflammatory, -anti-cancer;
251 Amaranthus spinosus L. Amaranthaceae Herbs Gyanic problems; The root is known as an effective diuretic. treat gonorrhea; eczema, burns, wounds, boils, earache and haemorroids; also used as a sudorific, febrifuge, anti-dote to snake poison, galactagogue, and to treat menorrhagia;
252 Alternanthera pungens Kunth Amaranthaceae Herbs The plant is diuretic. A decoction is used internally to treat gonorrhea.
253 Alternanthera sessilis (L.) R.Br. ex DC. Amaranthaceae Herbs the plant has diuretic, cooling, tonic and laxative properties. It has been used for the treatment of dysuria and haemmorrhoids. The plant is also believed to be beneficial for the eyes, and is used as an ingredient in the making of medicinal hair oils and Kajal (kohl). skin diseases and ulcers
254 Celosia argentea L. Amaranthaceae Herbs Urinal problems, Sexual power increases; The flowers and seed are astringent, haemostatic, ophthalmic, parasiticide and poultice. They are used in the treatment of bloody stool, haemorrhoid bleeding, uterine bleeding, Leucorrhoea, dysentery and Diarrhea. The seed is hypotensive and ophthalmic. It also has an anti-bacterial action, inhibiting the growth of Pseudomonas. It is used in the treatment of Diarrhea, bloodshot eyes, blurring of vision, cataracts and hypertension, but should not be used by people with glaucoma because it dilates the pupils. The seeds are widely used in India for the treatment of diabetes mellitus.
255 Digera muricata (L.) Mart. Amaranthaceae Herbs used internally against digestive system disorders; seeds and flowers are used to treat urinary disorders. plant have been used as crude drug for the treatment of kidney stone and urinary tract disorders.
256 Gomphrena celosioides Mart. Amaranthaceae Herbs gastrointestinal, respiratory problems, skin infections, abortifacient,
257 Polygonum barbatum L. Polygonaceae Herbs The seeds are used to relieve the griping pains of colic. The root is astringent and cooling. A paste of the root is used externally in the treatment of scabies.
258 Polygonum glabrum Willd. Polygonaceae Herbs leaves of this plant are used for treatment of colic pain, fever; Root decoction given internally to neutralize the Krait poison. Root powder given for urinary stones. Plant powder with honey given for white discharge in women (Bhogaonkar and Devarkar 2002).
259 Polygonum plebeium R. Br. Polygonaceae Herbs Root is boiled and mixed with butter locally for stimulate mammary glands; It is also considered to soothes and protects the alimentary canal.
260 Rumex dentatus L. Polygonaceae Herbs This plant has allelopathic activity. The root is used as an astringent application in the treatment of cutaneous disorders.
261 Chenopodium murale L. Chenopodiaceae Herbs Plant is nutritive, diuretic, mild purgative, emollient, antihelmintic, tranquilizer, tonic for liver. Leaves are edible.
262 Peperomia pellucida (L.) Kunth Piperaceae Herbs treating abdominal pain, abscesses, acne, boils, colic, fatigue, gout, headache, renal disorders, and rheumatic joint pain; cough suppressant, emollient, and diuretic;
263 Acalypha ciliata Forssk. Euphorbiaceae Herbs A decoction of the leaves is drunk as a remedy for female sterility. He mashed leaves are applied as a dressing to sores.
264 Acalypha indica L. Euphorbiaceae Herbs Leaves: emetic, ophthalmic, purgative and vermifuge, asthma, pneumonia, malarial fever, dysentery, diabetes
265 Chrozophora prostrata Dalzell & A.Gibson Euphorbiaceae Herbs The pounded stems or whole plants are applied to wounds to improve healing. The plant is also used in the treatment of jaundice and to purify the blood. An infusion of the seeds and leaves is taken as a laxative.
266 Chrozophora rottleri (Geiseler) A.Juss. ex Spreng. Euphorbiaceae Herbs cough and colds; Wound healing; Jaundice and to purify blood; Laxative, Antihelmintic activity;
267 Euphorbia geniculata Ortega Euphorbiaceae Herbs treatment of bacterial infections and inflammations
268 Euphorbia hirta L. Euphorbiaceae Herbs used traditionally for female disorders, respiratory ailments (cough, coryza, bronchitis, and asthma), worm infestations in children, dysentery, jaundice, pimples, gonorrhea, digestive problems, and tumors. anti-cancer
269 Euphorbia neriifolia L. Euphorbiaceae Herbs laxative, purgative, rubefacient, carminative and expectorant as well as in treatment of whooping cough, gonorrhea, leprosy, asthma, dyspepsia, jaundice, enlargement of the spleen, tumours, stone in the bladder, abdominal troubles and leucoderma.
270 Euphorbia prostrata Aiton Euphorbiaceae Herbs treatment of bleeding hemorrhoids
271 Euphorbia thymifolia L. Euphorbiaceae Herbs The leaves, seeds and fresh juice of whole plant are used in worm infections, as stimulant, astringent. its actions involving laxative, aromatic, sedative, blood purification, anti-viral, antihelminthic, anti-inflammatory, anti-spasmodic, anti-fungal, anti-bacterial, anti-microbial, diuretic properties;
272 Phyllanthus debilis J.G.Klein ex Willd. Euphorbiaceae Herbs stimulating sluggish liver and as a tonic; whole plant is used as a remedy for diabetes mellitus.
273 Phyllanthus fraternus G.L.Webster Euphorbiaceae Herbs The leaves are strongly diuretic. A decoction is drunk to facilitate childbirth, and against oedema, costal pain and fever. In Sudan the leaves are given against dysentery. The young leaves are given to children as a treatment for coughs and hiccups. A plant extract is reported to be strongly diuretic and is taken to allay spasms, such as griping in dysentery. The plant is also used as a laxative and to treat gonorrhea, dropsy, Diarrhea and malaria. The plant extract is applied externally to treat skin infections. The plant sap is applied to treat bruises, sores and ulcers, and mixed with oil against ophthalmia and conjunctivitis. The fruits are used in the treatment of ulcers, wounds, sores, scabies, ringworm and other skin problems.
274 Phyllanthus virgatus G.Forst. Euphorbiaceae Herbs Antibiotic, Liver Tonic; The plant is antipruritic, anti-septic, ophthalmic. The leaf juice is used as an eyewash for inflamed eyes. The leaves are crushed and mixed with buttermilk to make a lotion for children against itching. The fresh leaves, flowers and fruits, combined with cumin seeds and sugar, are made into an electuary which is used in the treatment of gonorrhea. Root preparations are applied topically to treat mammary abscesses. All parts of the plant are used to treat infantile malnutrition caused by intestinal parasites.
275 Girardinia zeylanica Decne. Urticaceae Herbs the plant itself has medicinal value, and Nettle Tea has been used in Europe for many centuries. The leaves should not be touched with bare hands, but dried or boiled thoroughly in water , are used as diuretic, anti- rheumatic, anti-allergic and also for lactating mothers. The other parts of the plant are also useful for production of oils, biomass and fibre or paper.
276 Pilea microphylla (L.) Liebm. Urticaceae Herbs An infusion of the entire plant is used as a diuretic. The crushed leaves are applied commonly to sores and bruises to heal them.
277 Crotalaria verrucosa L. FABOIDEAE Herbs The roots are used as a treatment against fever and stomach pains. The plant (part not specified) is blood purifier, emmenagogue. It is used to purify the blood and to cure skin diseases.
278 Phyllanthus urinaria L. Phyllanthaceae Herbs It is used against colic, and as an effective remedy to eliminate gall - and kidney stones, urinary tract infection, bladder inflammation and for other kidney and liver problems in general such as acute - and chronic hepatitis B, which explains the origin of its species name urinaria. commonly used as a diuretic and purgative to treat a wide variety of uro-genital disorders, Diarrhea and diabetes. It is also used as a bitter tonic and to treat fevers, including malaria. In Asia, extracts are widely used against hepatitis B infections. A plant decoction is drunk and plant ash in water is applied as ear drops to treat earache. Externally, the crushed plant parts, or an infusion, are applied to treat ulcers, sores and tumours. The sap of leafy twigs, or a twig decoction, is drunk to treat pain in the side. A paste of fresh crushed leaves and kaolin in water is drunk and applied to the body to treat convulsions, colic, constipation and urethral discharges. The bitter leaves are eaten to treat hiccup and cough.
279 Blumea bifoliata (L.) DC. Asteraceae / Compositae Herbs used as an herbal treatment for the common cold, kidney disease and as a diuretic in Philippine medicine, where it is most commonly known as sambong. It is used to treat infected wounds, respiratory infections and stomach pains.
280 Blumea lacera (Burm.f.) DC. Asteraceae / Compositae Herbs sores and wound healing, treating bronchitis. The plant also exhibited anti-leukemic, anti-viral diuretic, styptic, astringent and ophthalmic properties. The essential oil from leaves has analgesic, hypothermic, and tranquilizing activities and cytotoxic activities against breast cancer cells and healing cuts. The plant also exhibited stimulant, digestive, anthelmintic, liver tonic, expectorant, febrifuge, anti-inflammatory, anti-pyretic, and anti-fungal activities.
281 Costus speciosus (J. Koenig.) Sm. Costaceae Herbs Cough, Cold, Digestive, anti-oxidant, anti-cancer, anti-inflammatory, anti-diabetic, hypolipidemic, Hepatoprotective, steroidogenic, adaptogenic, anti-microbial effects.
282 Curcuma pseudomontana J.Graham Zingiberaceae Herbs Asthama, Cough, Cold, use tuber extracts to cure jaundice, warm tuber paste to treat body swellings, eat boiled tubers to increase lactation, tuber paste on the head for cooling effect.
283 Ensete superbum (Roxb.) Cheesman Musaceae Herbs anti-diabetic, diabetes, kidney stone, leucorrhea, measles, stomach ache
284 Crinum defixum Ker Gawl. Liliaceae Herbs Bulb is emollient and emetic; in small doses it is a nausant and diaphoretic. The bulb and stolon are very much used for the treatment of burns, whitlow, and carbuncle. In otitis a few drops of juice of the leaves are instilled in to the ear. In Rema Kalenga, bulbs are used for the treatment of stomach complaints of cow.
285 Cyathula prostrata (L.) Blume Amaranthaceae Herbs A decoction of the aerial parts of the plant are drunk as a treatment for cough. An infusion of the whole plant is taken as a remedy for fever and dysentery. A decoction is used as a wash for relieving headache. The sap of the plant is used as ear drops to treat otitis and headache[310. The plant is pulped and applied as a poultice on sores, burns and fractures, where it acts as a haemostatic and cicatrizant. The ash of the burnt plant, mixed with water, is rubbed on the body as a remedy for scabies and other skin ailments. The roots are used as an abortifacient. A decoction of the roots is used as a remedy for dysentery, colds and cough, rheumatism and dropsy. The roots are used in the treatment of abnormal and frequent urination. The root is used as a plaster to treat caterpillar itch, around the neck for cough and on the belly for intestinal worms or shingles. The leaves, mashed with water, are a remedy for cholera. The stem and leaves are a mild laxative. The leaves are used to ease irritations of the throat. A decoction of the leaves is applied to snake bites. The juice from macerated leaves is applied to cuts and bruises as an anti-septic. Macerated leaves are applied to wounds to stop bleeding. The juice of the stem is used as an abortifacient. A decoction is taken as a diuretic and to increase menstrual discharge. The flowers as an expectorant.
286 Curculigo orchioides Gaertn. Hypoxidaceae Herbs aphrodisiac, immunostimulant, Hepatoprotective, anti-oxidant, anti-cancer, anti-diabetic activities; The rhizomes of the plants are used for the treatment of decline in strength, jaundice and asthma. According to Ayurveda, root is heating, aphrodisiac, alternative, appetizer, fattening and useful in treatment of piles, biliousness, fatigue, blood related disorders etc. According to Unani system of medicine, root is carminative, tonic, aphrodisiac, anti-pyretic and useful in bronchitis, ophthalmia, indigestion, vomiting, Diarrhea, lumbago, gonorrhea, gleet, hydrophobia, joint pains etc.
287 Tacca leontopetaloides (L.) Kuntze Taccaceae Herbs Raw tubers were eaten to treat stomach ailments. Mixed with water and red clay, the plant was consumed to treat Diarrhea and dysentery. This combination was also used to stop internal hemorrhaging in the stomach and colon and applied to wounds to stop bleeding.
288 Physalis peruviana SOLANACEAE Herbs The leaf juice has been used in the treatment of worms and bowel complaints. The plant is diuretic. A decoction of the calyces is used in the treatment of diabetes.
289 Rubia cordifolia L. RUBIACEAE Herbs The roots are alterative, anodyne, antiphlogistic, antitussive, astringent, diuretic, emmenagogue, expectorant, hypotensive, styptic, tonic and vulnerary. They have an anti-bacterial action, inhibiting the growth of Staphylococcus aureus, S. epidermidis, Pneumococci etc. The roots are used internally in the treatment of abnormal uterine bleeding, internal and external haemorrhage, bronchitis, rheumatism, stones in the kidney, bladder and gall, dysentery etc. The stems are used in Tibetan medicine, where they are considered to have a bitter taste and a cooling potency. Febrifuge, they are used in the treatment of blood disorders and spreading fever of kidneys and intestines. The leaves are anti-septic, astringent and vulnerary. They are used as a poison anti-dote and to treat mouth sores and intestinal problems such as Diarrhea. A wound dressing is made by rubbing the leaves between the hand palms into a ball, which is then applied to a wound or cut to stop bleeding. The leaves are burnt and the ashes are applied externally to treat mastitis and itchy skin.
290 Salvia plebeia R.Br. LAMIACEAE Herbs The plant is astringent, diuretic and vermifuge. A paste of the plant is applied to wounds between the toes caused by prolonged walking barefoot in muddy water. The seeds are used in the treatment of Diarrhea, gonorrhea, menorrhagia and haemorrhoids.
291 Solanum virginianum L. SOLANACEAE Herbs The seeds are expectorant; They are used in the treatment of asthma and catarrh.
292 Chlorophytum tuberosum (Roxb.) Baker Liliaceae Herbs Sexual Problems, Tonic; Safed musali is used as an aphrodisiac and galactogogue as well as for its nutritive, health promoting properties and immunoenhancing, Hepatoprotective and anti-oxidants activities. The tubers are also used in fever, Leucorrhoea and also as an aphrodisiac.
293 Iphigenia indica (L.) A. Gray ex Kunth Colchicaceae Herbs Anti-cancer
294 Scilla hyacinthina (Roth) J.F.Macbr. Liliaceae Herbs Cardioprotective and Antioxidant
295 Commelina benghalensis L. Commelinaceae Herbs diuretic, febrifuge, anti-inflammatory, leprosy, demulcent, emollient, hypotensive, CNS depressant, diuretic, refrigerant, laxative and astringent.
296 Commelina diffusa Burm.f. Commelinaceae Herbs febrifugal and diuretic effects
297 Commelina paludosa Blume Commelinaceae Herbs The plant is refrigerant and laxative; useful in strangury and costiveness. The root is useful in vertigo, fevers and bilious affections. The leaf juice is taken by Chakmas for the treatment of dysentery.
298 Murdannia nudiflora (L.) Brenan Commelinaceae Herbs cold, cough, haemoptysis and tuberculosis, diuretic, urinary tract infections including cystitis, dysuria and strangury,
299 Arisaema murrayi (J.Graham) Hook. Araceae Herbs Tuber paste is applied externally to cure skin diseases. Corm paste is boiled in sesame oil. This oil is used for massage in rheumatism. Corm powder with honey and ghee given to cure bleeding piles. Corm paste used to stop bleeding from fleshly cut wounds. (Bhogaonkar and Devarkar 2002)
300 Eriocaulon quinquangulare L. Eriocaulaceae Herbs Hepatoprotective activity
301 Cyperus compressus L. Cyperaceae Herbs menstruation-regulating and pain-relieving effects
302 Cyperus digitatus Roxb. Cyperaceae Herbs leaves are used to treat coughs, skin anti-allergic
303 Cyperus rotundus L. Cyperaceae Herbs Stomach problems, treating fevers, digestive system disorders, dysmenorrhea and other maladies. anti-microbial, anti-malarial, anti-oxidant, and anti-diabetic;
304 Fimbristylis ovata (Burm.f.) J.Kern Cyperaceae Herbs chronic inflammatory diseases
305 Commelina suffruticosa Blume Commelinaceae Herbs The plant is used in menorrhagia. Root is applied to sores.
306 Amorphophallus paeoniifolius (Dennst.) Nicolson Araceae Herbs bronchitis, asthma, abdominal pain, emesis, dysentery, enlargement of spleen, piles, elephantiasis, diseases due to vitiated blood, and rheumatic swellings; antiprotease activity, analgesic activity, and cytotoxic activity;
307 Sphaeranthus africanus L. Asteraceae / Compositae Herbs In Ayurveda, the plant is believed to pacify vitiated vata, pitta epilepsy, migraine, jaundice, fever, cough, hemorrhoids, helminthiasis, skin diseases and as nervine tonic.
308 Cyperus exaltatus Retz. Cyperaceae Herbs The rhizome is grated and eaten, and also applied in dressings to scarifications over the spleen, in the treatment of cases of chronic malaria. The rhizome is grated to make a poultice that is applied to whitlow and to swollen buboes in cases of blood poisoning in order to draw and maturate the pus. Combined with the stem of sugar cane (Saccharum officinarum), it is applied to swollen breasts in order to promote milk-flow.
309 Cyperus iria L. Cyperaceae Herbs The plant is astringent, febrifuge, stimulant, stomachic and tonic. It is used to treat amenorrhoea. The whole plant is used to treat rheumatism and to regulate menstruation. The rhizomes are used as a diuretic. A decoction of the ground tubers is used for treating fevers.
310 Tricholepis glaberrima DC. Asteraceae Herbs Useful in skin disease, cough urinary troubles; Antioxidant, nervine tonic, aphrodisiac, anti-inflammatory, anti-septic.
311 Anagallis arvensis L. Primulaceae Herbs dermatological purposes regarding wound healing properties; Less specifically the herb has been reported as being toxic to poultry and rabbits, and the seed to birds. The plant material has been applied externally to slow-healing ulcers and wounds. It also has been applied as an expectorant and as a remedy for pruritus, rheumatism, haemorrhoids, rabies, leprosy, and snake bite. Treatment of non-specified types of phthisis, and of kidney-related conditions such as dropsy and chronic nephritis. It was used as an antidepressant. The herb is diuretic, diaphoretic and expectorant; cures gout, cerebral affections, hydrophobia, pain in liver and kidney; used in leprosy, dropsy, epilepsy, mania and hepatic and renal complaints. It is anti-dote to viperine poison, imporves eyesight and expell leeches.
312 Cleome papillosa Steud. Cleomaceae / Capparaceae Herbs Plant decoction given in fever (Bhogaonkar and Devarkar 2002).
313 Sida rhombifolia Linn Malvaceae Herbs anti-inflammatory; anti-oxidant; Asthma;
314 Aerva javanica (Burm. f.) Juss. ex Schult. Amaranthaceae Herbs Seeds are believed to cure headaches. A gargle is made from the plant to try to treat toothache. Uses in Skin Diseases.
315 Geranium mascatense Boiss. Geraniaceae Herbs Plant powder is given to improve memory (Bhogaonkar and Devarkar 2002).
316 Biophytum reinwardtii (Zucc.) Klotzsch Oxalidaceae Herbs cough, wounds, fever,
317 Alysicarpus ovalifolius (Schum.) Leonard Fabaceae / Leguminosae Herbs wound
318 Chlorophytum arundinaceum Baker Liliaceae Herbs Tubers having medicinal value are used as general tonic, containing the steroid sapogenine (1-2%), protein (10-20%) and calcium. Tubers are fat free and they have high aphrodisiac property. It is also useful in diseases like renal calculus, Leucorrhoea and diabetes. Immunomodulator, stimulant and tonic, antistress, adaptogen, anti-oxidant, anti-microbial, antimutagenic, anti-ulcer, antitumor, aphrodisiac, glactogen, antidibetic; Sexual disorders, decreased libido, cough and asthma, dysuria, polyuria, gonorrhea, menorrhagia, leucorrhea, piles and leucoderma, diabetes, obesity and immune problems, ophthalmic conditions, vomiting, dyspepsia, lumbago, joint pain and problems associated nervous system.
319 Stylosanthes fruticosa (Retz.) Alston. Fabaceae / Leguminosae Herbs treatment of toothache and strengthening of gums, anthelmintic, kidney diseases, analgesic, anti-inflammatory, Hepatoprotective, antihyperglycaemic, antihyperglycaemic and anti-cancer.
320 Kyllinga brevifolia Rottb. Cyperaceae Herbs The leaves, stems and rhizomes are analgesic, anti-inflammatory, anti-malarial, decongestant, diuretic, febrifuge and sudorific. A decoction of the whole plant is used as a treatment against a variety of complaints including malaria; colds with fever; whooping cough; bronchitis; swelling pain in the throat. The leaves are taken internally in the treatment of Diarrhea. The pounded rhizome is used as a poultice for sores. A poultice of the fresh leaves is applied to snake bites, furuncles, sprains. A decoction may be used as an external wash in the treatment of pruritis. Ten fresh tubers are made into a paste and eaten with rice; once daily for three days as a treatment for Diarrhea.
321 Apium graveolens Linn. Apiaceae / Umbelliferae Herbs arthritis, rheumatism, gout, urinary tract inflammation, and specifically for rheumatoid arthritis with mental depression. diuretic, for regulating the bowels, for glandular stimulation, gall and kidney stones, as a prophylactic for nervous agitation, for the loss of appetite and exhaustion and as antihelminthic;
322 Chlorophytum borivilianum Santapau & R.R.Fern. Liliaceae Herbs Safed moosli holds an important position in Indian herbal medicine. The roots are widely used as a natural "sex tonic" and is an integral part of more than 100 herbal drug formulations. Although Indian forests are rich in safed moosli demand is increasing rapidly in Indian and international drug markets. The dried roots of asparagus are used in ayurveda as an aphrodisiac. They are available in the market as Safed Musli. Fifteen grams of roots boiled in one cup of milk should be taken twice daily. The regular use of this remedy is valuable in impotency and premature ejaculation. anti-cancer;
323 Conyza canadensis (L.) Cronquist Asteraceae Herbs Anti-cancer, astringency, Diarrhea, dysentery, anti-rheumatic, astringent, balsamic, diuretic, emmenagogue, styptic, tonic, vermifuge, treat gonorrhea, bleeding piles,
324 Senecio nudicaulis Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don Asteraceae / Compositae Herbs Plant extract and leaves are used in colic, fever and on some skin diseases. Plant decoction given in amoebic dysentery (Bhogaonkar and Devarkar 2002).
325 Vicoa cernua Dalzell Asteraceae / Compositae Herbs Pentanema cernuum: Root powder given for abortion. Leaf and flower juice massaged over skin to improve skin complexion. Flower juice taken orally for fair complexion (Bhogaonkar and Vevarkar 2002).
326 Exacum bicolor Roxb. Gentianaceae Herbs The plant for the treatment of fever, malaria, and blood purification.
327 Exacum lawii C. B. Cl. Gentianaceae Herbs used in kidney diseases and eye problems
328 Andrographis paniculata (Burm. f.) Wall. ex Nees Acanthaceae Herbs cancer, diabetes, high blood pressure, ulcer, leprosy, bronchitis, skin diseases, flatulence, colic, influenza, dysentery, dyspepsia and malaria
329 Achyranthes coynei Amaranthaceae Herbs Leaves are used in treatment of various disorders by folk healers. Antimicrobial and Antioxidant properties; fever, cough, piles etc. Root powder given internally to kill intestinal worms. Root and stem powder with milk given in general debility. Plant decoction given for easy delivery. (Bhogaonkar and Devarkar 2002)
330 Phyllanthus amarus Schum & Thonn. Euphorbiaceae Herbs Used in the problems of stomach, genitourinary system, liver, kidney and spleen. It is bitter, astringent, stomachic, diuretic, febrifuge and anti-septic. The whole plant is used in gonorrhea, menorrhagia and other genital affections. It is useful in gastropathy, Diarrhea, dysentery, intermittent fevers, ophthalmopathy, scabies, ulcers and wounds. Pharmacological activities including anti-viral, anti-bacterial, antiplasmodial, anti-inflammatory, anti-malarial, anti-microbial, anti-cancer, anti-diabetic, hypolipidemic, anti-oxidant, Hepatoprotective nephroprotective and diurectic properties.
331 Curcuma inodora Blatt. Zingiberaceae Herbs used by the tribals as a hair tonic and for cure of wounds.
332 Zingiber nimmonii (J.Graham) Dalzell Zingiberaceae Herbs Anti-cancer (Ghasemzadeh et al., 2015)
333 Chlorophytum glaucum Dalzell Liliaceae Herbs Roots tubers are nutritious; also used to cure sexual impotency (Bhogaonkar and Devarkar 2002).
334 Drimia indica (Roxb.) Jessop Asparagaceae Herbs anti-ulcerous, antinematodal, antitumorous, anthelmintic antiarthrities and also used to cure skin diseases like warts, abscesses, boils, cardiac diseases, anti-dote to scorpion sting
335 Amorphophallus bulbifer (Roxb.) Blume Araceae Herbs In Ayurveda; Corn powder with honey taken internally to cure duodenal ulcers, intestinal ulcers and blood cancer. (Bhogaonkar and Devarkar 2002)
336 Amorphophallus commutatus (Schott) Engl. Araceae Herbs Tuber paste is applied externally to cure scabies
337 Sauromatum guttatum (Wall.) Schott. Araceae Herbs In FOLK medicine; Sauromatum venosum: Corm powder with honey given for tuberculosis, bleeding piles and in blood cancer. Fresh corm paste applied over scorpion string (Bhogaonkar and Devarkar 2002).
338 Theriophonum minutum (Willd.) Baill Araceae Herbs cure intestinal and duodenal ulcers. Tuber powder with honey given for small intestinal ulcers and stomachache (Bhogaonkar and Devarkar 2002).
339 Hydrolea zeylanica (L.) Vahl Hydroleaceae Herbs The leaves, beaten into pulp and applied as a poultice, are considered to have a cleansing and healing effect on neglected and callous ulcers. They parently possess some anti-septic property. Leaves and twigs used for diabetes.
340 Lobelia alsinoides Lam. Lobeliaceae Herbs Treatment of liver disorders like jaundice
341 Rorippa indica (L.) Hiern. Brassicaceae / Cruciferae Herbs purported diuretic, anti-inflammatory, antifever, and anticough properties and to help with blood circulation and rheumatoid arthritis.
342 Cleome monophylla L. Cleomaceae / Capparaceae Herbs The seeds and leaves of the violet-flowered form of this plant are used, with or without those of Gynandropsis pentaphylla, to make the Ayurvedic drug called 'hurhur' in India. This drug is used on ulcers, boils and wounds and is said to prevent the formation of pus. The roots are chewed in the morning and evening as a treatment for cough. The finely ground leaf is used for removing irritating particles from the eye. Crushed leaves are rubbed on the head as a treatment for headache. The pounded leaves, dried and ground are put on sores. The pounded leaves, tied on to swellings caused by plague, hasten maturation. The whole plant is used externally as a treatment for swellings. The seeds are anthelmintic, rubefacient and vesicant.
343 Corchorus tridens L. Tiliaceae Herbs The decoction of the root and leaves are used for fever, to treat genital ulcers, to prevent Anemia. The extract significantly inhibited the castor oil-induced Diarrhea. treatment for fever
344 Crotalaria albida Roth Fabaceae (Pea family) Herbs The juice of the root is used in the treatment of indigestion. The juice of the plant is used in the treatment of bed wetting. A paste of the plant is applied topically as a treatment for warts, especially those on the sole of the feet.
345 Euphorbia heyneana Spreng Euphorbiaceae Herbs The plant extract is beneficial in jaundice.
346 Leucas martinicensis (Jacq.) R.Br. Lamiaceae / Labiatae Herbs An infusion of the leaves is used to treat gastro-intestinal troubles. In general, the crushed leaves of Leucas species are applied to wounds, sores, especially those of the eyes and nose, chronic skin diseases, such as psoriasis and scabies. The crushed leaves are also used to treat mild fevers, colds, rheumatism and snake bites, and as a decoction against roundworm, mainly for children
347 Melilotus indica (L.) All. Fabaceae Herbs Seeds are made into a soup and used in the treatment of bowel complaints and infantile Diarrhea. The plant is used externally as a poultice or plaster on swellings. The plant contains coumarin, which is an anticoagulant.
348 Tephrosia villosa Sensu auct. Fabaceae Herbs The juice of the leaves is given in dropsy. The leaf juice is used to treat dropsy and diabetes. The roots and leaves contain rotenoids.
349 Rotala rotundifolia (Roxb.) Koehne Lythraceae Herbs The plant is reputed of anti-pyretic, detoxication, antiswelling and diuresis properties and also useful in treatments of cirrhosis ascetic fluids, gonorrhea, menstrual cramps and piles in the south of China.
350 Corallocarpus epigaeus (Rottl.) C.B.Clark Cucurbitaceae Herbs treatment of chronic rheumatism, snake bite, asthma, dysentery and syphilitic disorders; Tubers are believed to cleanse the wounds, help deal with obesity, skin disease, tumours, cough, bronchitis;
351 Pimpinella heyneana (DC.) Benth. Apiaceae / Umbelliferae Herbs ALL TYPES OF PAINS: One spoon of root paste is administered with water.
352 Tylophora fasciculata Thwaites Asclepiadaceae Herbs The roots and leaves are emetic and purgative. A decoction of the root is said to be efficacious in extremely virulent types of fever. The leaves are pounded and used as an application to unhealthy ulcers and wounds to induce healthy granulation
353 Chenopodium album L. Chenopodiaceae Herbs The leaves may be taken in the form of an infusion or decoction as a laxative and anthelminthic. It has also been recommended by Hindu physicians as a treatment for hepatic disorders and splenic enlargement. Seeds are used traditionally to improve the appetite and as an anthelmintic, laxative, aphrodisiac and a tonic. They have also been used to treat biliousness, stomach pains, eye and throat problems, piles, and diseases of blood, heart and spleen. hypoglycemic, anti-bacterial, spasmolytic, anti-pruritic, anti-inflammatory, Hepatoprotective, anti-oxidant, anti-cancer.
354 Swertia minor (Griseb.) Knabl. Gentianaceae Herbs Leaf decoction is given in fever.
355 Crinum latifolium L. Amaryllidaceae Herbs The bulbs are extremely acrid and only used externally. In India, when roasted, they are used as a rubefacient in the treatment of rheumatism, or are crushed on piles and abscesses to cause suppuration. The juice of the leaves is used in the treatment of earache. traditionally used to treat rheumatism, fistula, tumors, earaches, rubefacient, tubercle and whitlow. anti-viral; anti-tumor;
356 Aeginetia indica L. Orobanchaceae Herbs An infusion of the plant taken internally for diabetes. Decoction of plant used for treatment of anasarca due to acute nephritis. Used to treat chronic liver diseases, cough, and arthritis. Root juice taken to treat fever. Considered immunostimulating, anti-cancer, tonic, and anti-inflammatory. Studies have suggest antitumor and immune-stimulatory properties.
357 Dipteracanthus prostratus (Poir.) Nees Acanthaceae Herbs It is believed to be anti-cancerous against the epidermis of the nasopharynx region, used in gonorrhea and is slightly hypoglycemic.
358 Arisaema leschenaultii Blume Araceae Herbs Used in Ayurveda for the treatment of eczema, gonorrhea, urinary diseases, fistula, colitis, piles, haemorrhoids, syphills, roundworm, and sinus. For treating asthma, powder of Arisaema speciosum fresh tubers roasted in an air tight mud pot and is taken orally along with grapes at bed time. Fresh tuber paste is applied over infected skin and boils. Fruit grain is swallowed once daily during gas trouble.
359 Colocasia esculenta (L.) Schott Araceae Herbs The plant is anti-bacterial and hypotensive. A decoction of the leaves is drunk to promote menstruation. A decoction, together with some parts of other plants, is taken to relieve stomach problems and to treat cysts. The leaves are heated over a fire and are applied as a poultice to boils. The sap of the leaf stalk is used in treating conjunctivitis. The scraped stem, together with some parts of other plants, is used to create an appetite. The plant is used to treat wounds.
360 Remusatia vivipara (Roxb.) Schott Araceae Herbs The tubers are poisonous. They are used externally to treat mastitis, traumatic injuries, abscesses, and swellings. The plant is used in folk medicine to cure inflammation, arthritis, to dispel worms and germs for disinfecting genito-urinary tract and for promoting conception, also used as an analgesic.
361 Vigna radiata var. sublobata FABOIDEAE Herbs The seeds are said to be a traditional source of cures for paralysis, rheumatism, coughs, fevers and liver ailments.
362 Adenostemma lavenia (L.) Kuntze Compositae Herbs Traditionally the leaf paste is applied on cuts and wound, insect and caterpillar bites.
363 Agave americana L. Agavaceae Herbs The sap can also be taken internally in the treatment of diarrhoea, dysentery. The sap is antiseptic, diaphoretic, diuretic, emmenagogue and laxative. An infusion of the chopped leaf is purgative and the juice of the leaves is applied to bruises. The plant is used internally in the treatment of indigestion, flatulence, constipation, jaundice and dysentery. The sap has disinfectant properties and can be taken internally to check the growth of putrefactive bacteria in the stomach and intestines. Water in which agave fibre has been soaked for a day can be used as a scalp disinfectant and tonic in cases of falling hair. A gum from the root and leaf is used in the treatment of toothache. The roots are steeped in water, and the water ingested for treating various ailments such as stomach pain, painful and difficult urination, scurvy, swollen and bleeding pulp of teeth, swollen bones, constipation, and poor appetite or loss of appetite.
364 Agave angustifolia Haw. Agavaceae Herbs The juice of the cooked leaves and stems, and a root infusion, are taken internally or used as poultices for both internal and external swelling, as well as for bruises, liver and kidney diseases, arthritis, and dysentery. The roots are diaphoretic and diuretic.
365 Agave vera-cruz Mill. Agavaceae Herbs Leaf juice with a pinch of common salt is boiled. After cooling a small quantity of jaggery is added. This is consumed twice a day to cure constipation.
366 Alectra thomsonii Hook.f. Orobanchaceae Herbs The leaf sap is taken to hasten childbirth.
367 Amaranthus blitum L. Amaranthaceae Herbs A fluid extract of the plant is used as an astringent internally in the treatment of ulcerated mouths and throats, externally as a wash for ulcers and sores. The juice of the roots is used externally to relieve headaches. The plant has a folk reputation for being effective in the treatment of tumours and warts.
368 Amaranthus cruentus L. Amaranthaceae Herbs The plant is diuretic. Water from the macerated plants is used as a wash to treat pains in the limbs. The roots are boiled with honey and then used as a laxative for infants. The ash from the stems is used as a wound dressing. The heated leaves are applied externally on tumours.
369 Solanum americanum Mill. Solanaceae Herbs The plant is antispasmodic and vermifuge. A decoction of the whole plant is used as a blood purifier, for treating inflammation, dissipating blood stasis, and to expel worms. The plant is applied externally as a remedy for cardialgia, corroding ulcers, suppurating cancers, deep wounds, skin diseases such as dartre, and for use in poultices for treating kidney pain. The leaves are eaten raw to treat heart pains. The pounded leaves are used to treat sores and other skin problems. An infusion of the leaves and stems is used to improve kidney function. A decoction of the root, mixed with lime juice and a pinch of salt, is drunk as a treatment for malaria.
370 Argemone ochroleuca Sweet Papaveraceae Herbs The whole plant is analgesic, antispasmodic, depurative, emetic, emmenagogue, possibly hallucinogenic, sedative and vulnerary. It has been used in the treatment of cancer and epilepsy. A decoction of the leaves is drunk as a treatment for ailments of the spleen and liver, and for jaundice or whooping cough. An infusion of the young leaves or flowers is taken to relieve fever, cough and asthma. The latex is slighly corrosive, diuretc. It has been taken internally in the treatment of dropsy and jaundice. The fresh yellow, milky, acrid sap contains protein-dissolving substances and has been used topically in the treatment of warts, cold sores, cutaneous affections, skin diseases, itches etc, and has been rubbed onto the body for the relief of rheumatic pain. The root is alterative and has been used in the treatment of chronic skin diseases. The flowers are expectorant and narcotic. The seed is antidote, cathartic, demulcent, emetic, expectorant and laxative. An infusion, in small quantities, is used as a sedative for children, but caution is advised since the oil in the seed is strongly purgative. They are useful in the treatment of coughs and catarrhal affections of the throat and pulmonary mucous membrane, and in pertussis and asthma. Though they do not appear to possess any antispasmodic property, they have a distinct effect on asthma, apparently from their combined actions as nauseant, emetic, expectorant and demulcent. As their use is often accompanied by some degree of vomiting and nausea, as a laxative medicine they are more suited to some pulmonary affections than to other diseases. The seed has also been used as an antidote to snake poisoning.
371 Baccharoides anthelmintica (L.) Moench Asteraceae Herbs According to Ayurveda, seeds are hot, acrid, astringent, anthelmintic; cure ulcers, Vata and Kapha; use in skin disease, leucoderma, and fever. According to Unani system of medicine, the seeds are anthelmintic, purgative; used for asthma, kidney troubles, hiccough, inflammatory swellings, to remove blood from the liver, sores, and itching of the eyes. The seeds are anthelmintic, stomachic, tonic, diuretic and antiperiodic. The powdered seeds are applied externally in paralysis of the legs at Mundas of Chota Nagpur. The juice of the leaf is given to cure phlegmatic discharges of the nostrils. In Ceylon, the plant is used for fever convulsions.
372 Boerhavia chinensis (Linn.) Aschers & Schweinf. Nyctaginaceae Herbs The leaves are crushed and applied to the skin as a remedy for scabies and itching body parts.
373 Cajanus scarabaeoides (L.) Thouars FABOIDEAE Herbs A traditional Chinese medicine, it is used for improving digestion and diuresis. The whole plant is used in the treatment of swelling and pain in the leg during pregnancy; night fevers; renal stones; eye diseases; dropsy; anaemia; hemiplegia; burns and wound;, small-pox; syphilis; gonorrhea; spermatorrhoea; gravel; cholera; dysentery; snake-bite and rinderpest. A decoction of the whole plant, combined with honey, is taken orally as tonic after a woman has given birth. Combined with black pepper (Piper nigrrum), a decoction of the plant is used in the treatment of diarrhoea and dysentery. The juice of the plant is used as a treatment for diarrhoea and dysentery. A paste of the leaves is administered orally to cure swellings in the body. The fresh leaf paste is applied topically to get relief from the pain of rheumatism. A paste of the fresh stem and leaves is applied to sores and to areas affected by venereal diseases. The powdered root is taken orally in order to improve the digestion, treat stomachache and reduce abdominal gas. An extract of the crushed roots is used as ear drops in the treatment of deafness.
374 Cosmos bipinnatus Cav. Asteraceae / Compositae Herbs used in a traditional herbal remedy for various diseases such as jaundice, intermittent fever, and splenomegaly
375 Cullen corylifolium (L.)Medik. Fabaceae - FABOIDEAE Herbs Bu Gu Zhi is valued in Chinese herbal medicine as a tonic remedy and is used to improve general vitality. Modern research has shown that it is also of value in the treatment of skin disorders, including vitiligo. The one-seeded fruits (or the seed plus the seedpod) are highly regarded as an aphrodisiac and tonic to the genital organs. The seed is anthelmintic, antibacterial, aphrodisiac, aromatic, astringent, bitter, cardiac, cytotoxic, deobstruent, diaphoretic, diuretic, stimulant, stomachic and tonic. It is used in the treatment of febrile diseases, premature ejaculation, impotence, lower back pains, frequent urination, incontinence, bed wetting etc. It is also used externally to treat various skin ailments including leprosy, leucoderma and hair loss. The seed and fruit contain psoralen. This causes the skin to produce new pigment when exposed to sunlight and is used for treating vitiligo and psoriasis. The antibacterial action of the fruit inhibits the growth of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The fruit is gathered when ripe in the autumn and can be dried for later use. The root is emetic. It is used for treating dental caries. The plant yields a useful medicinal oleoresin, it treats kidney disorders, impotence, premature ejaculation, lumbago etc.
376 Cyanotis fasciculata (B.Heyne ex Roth) Schult. & Schult.f. Commelinaceae Herbs The juice from succulent leaves used to treat skin fungus disease and mouth sores.
377 Cyperus haspan L. Cyperaceae Herbs Smoke from the pith of the plant is used as a febrifuge. A decoction of the plant is used internally against shingles.
378 Triumfetta pilosa Wall. Malvaceae Herbs An infusion of the leaf is drunk to treat colic and diarrhoea, whereas in East Africa an extract of the leaf is recorded to be drunk as a purgative. A leaf maceration is used as an eye bath for the treatment of eye problems. The crushed leaf and twig are applied as a paste on sores. The bark and fresh leaves are astringent. They are used in the treatment of diarrhea. The leaves and flowers are used for the treatment of leprosy.
379 Indigofera glabra L. Fabaceae - FABOIDEAE Herbs The leaves are a bitter tonic and febrifuge. They are applied externally as an emollient.
380 Indigofera linifolia (L.f.)Retz. Fabaceae - FABOIDEAE Herbs The plant (part not specified) is used in the treatment of febrile eruptions. Combined with Euphorbia thymifolia, the plant is used in the treatment of amenorrhoea.
381 Iphigenia magnifica Ansari & Rolla Rao Colchicaceae Herbs Oil extracted from bulbs is uniquely used against Migraine and Snake bite by Korku tribe but elsewhere it is used for other health elements by few researchers
382 Kyllinga nemoralis (J.R. Forst. & G. Forst.) Dandy ex Hutch. & Dalziel Cyperaceae Herbs The plant leaves are traditionally used for the relief of malarial chills, pruritus of the skin, and thirst due to fever and diabetes. In India, plant leaves are used as anti-venom. The rhizomes of the plant are fragrant, sweet, refrigerant, antidiarrhoeal, diuretic, stomachic, and expectorant. The paste of rhizomes mixed with milk is used internally for worm infection. It is also used in fever, hepatopathy, splenopathy, diabetes and tumours. Antimalarial, Anticancer and Antimicrobial Activities
383 Striga gesnerioides (Willd.) Vatke Scrophulariaceae Herbs The powdered plant is sprinkled on wounds to aid the healing process. The powdered plant is made into a paste with some fat, then applied topically to treat swollen neck glands. A paste made from the fresh tuber is applied locally to treat swollen testes. An ethanolic extract of whole plant showed antifertility activity for males. Ethanolic and water extracts showed antihistaminic and mast cell stabilizing activity. The flavones apigenin and luteolin, isolated from the plant, showed anti-inflammatory and antispasmodic activities.
384 Thunbergia alata Boj. ex Sims Acanthaceae Herbs The leaves are applied to the head as a remedy for headache. An unnamed alkaloid is reported present in the plant. The leaf sap, combined with that of Hyptis pectinata, is drunk as a treatment for internal piles or for early rectal cancer. The leaf-sap is dripped into the eyes as a treatment for inflammation (probably conjunctivitis).
385 Oldenlandia diffusa (Willd.) Roxb. Rubiaceae Herbs The plant is alterative, analgesic, antibacterial, antidote, antiinflammatory, antitumor, diuretic, febrifuge and sedative. A decoction of the plant is used in the treatment of biliousness, impure blood, jaundice, hepatitis, fever, malignant tumours and gonorrhoua. It is used to treat any kind of internal inlammation such as inflammation such as tonsillitis, laryngitis, and appendicitis. A poultice of plant material is applied to external bruises or blood congestions, boils, and abscesses. Topical uses for this species are common and could be related to the presence of antiinflammatory iridoids.
386 Senecio bombayensis N.P.Balakr. Asteraceae Herbs Leaf Juice used to cure and strengthen bleeding gums and also in stomach problems. Leaves chewed like chewing gum, for strengthening teeth (Bhogaonkar and Devarkar 2002).
387 Vanda tessellata (Roxb.) Hook. ex G.Don Orchidaceae Orchid The roots are alexiteric and anti-pyretic; useful in dyspepsia, bronchitis, inflammations, piles and hiccup. Externally the root is used in rheumatism and allied disorders and diseases of the nervous system. It is also employed as a remedy for secondary syphilis and scorpion stings. The juice of the leaves is used topically in otitis and a paste of them finds use as a febrifuge. The roots possess significant anti-inflammatory activity and exhibit potent analgesic effects combined with a relatively low toxicity. In the Yunani system, the root is used as a tonic for the liver and brain; effective against bronchitis, piles, lumbago, toothache, and boils of the scalp; it also is said to lessen inflammation and heal fractures. The root is said to be fragrant, bitter and useful in rheumatism and allied disorders, in which it is prescribed in a variety of forms. It is also used in the composition of several medicated oils for external application in rheumatism and diseases of the nervous system. In Chota Nagpur, the leaves are pounded into a paste and then applied to the body during fever. A compound decoction of this root is administered in cases of Hemiplegia as some Indian physicians consider it useful in rheumatism and all nervous diseases. The leaves are pounded and the paste is applied to the body to bring down fever; the juice is dropped in the ear for the treatment of Otitis media and other inflammatory conditions. The roots are used in Dyspepsia, Bronchitis, Rheumatism, and also in fever; they are reported to possess anti-bacterial and anti-tubercular properties. The herb is also used for Sciatica. The leaves are used by the Santhal girls for making anklets.
388 Habenaria grandifloriformis Blatt. & McCann Orchidaceae Orchid Used in Ayurveda. Tuber powder with milk in general debility. (Bhogaonkar and Devarkar 2002)
389 Habenaria plantaginea Lindl. Orchidaceae Orchid Tubers used as folk medicine to treat cough, asthma, helminthiasis, insanity and snake bite. The plant has been used as medicine for the treatment of tuberculosis and paralysis.
390 Habenaria roxburghii Nicolson Orchidaceae Orchid Tubers with garlic and pepper used to cure snake bite. Tuber extract mixed with sugar (Saccharum officinarum) and taken orally for cooling effect by lambidis.
391 Peristylus plantagineus (Lindl.) Lindl. Orchidaceae Orchid Diabetes Type 2
392 Peristylus constrictus (Lindl.) Lindl. Orchidaceae Orchid Malaria; Boils; Tuberous roots dried and powdered. Powder given with milk and sugar in sexual debility (Bhogaonkar and Devarkar 2002).
393 Nervilia aragoana Comm. ex Gaudich. Orchidaceae Orchid The fresh tubers can be cleaned properly with boiled water and chewed to relive thirst. It also helps in controlling mild mental diseases, cough and vomiting. The leaf and tuber can aslo be pounded to make paste with water for use as ointment for wounds and decoction of leaves is used as protective medicine after childbirth. Used in uropathy, haemoptysis cough asthma, vomiting, Diarrhea & mental instability.
394 Eulophia pratensis Lindl. Orchidaceae Orchid Eulophia pratensis Lindl. Tubers Paste Applied externally and given internally to remove scrofulous gland in the neck. Tuber powder given with roots of Chlorophytum tuberosum and Curculigo orchiodes in milk for general weakness, impotency etc (Bhogaonkar and Devarkar 2002)
395 Eulophia ochreata Lindl. Orchidaceae Orchid expectorant, anabolic, tonic, diuretic, astringent, digestive, and soft purgative, and also recommended for the treatment of ear discharge, blood clotting, joint edema, and debility. These are also used in stomatitis, purulent cough; and in the heart problems, dyscrasia, and scrofulous diseases of the neck; bronchitis, blood diseases, and as a vermifuge.
396 Habenaria commelinifolia (Roxb.) Wall. ex Lindl. Orchidaceae Orchid The root decoction is administered orally on an empty stomach to cure spermatorrhoea and urinary trouble.
397 Rhynchostylis retusa (L.) Blume. Orchidaceae Orchid asthma, tuberculosis, cramp, epileptic spasms, vertigo, palpitations, kidney stone and menstrual disorder. The plant has also been used in Assam to treat wounds, cuts and bruises. The plant has been used as an emollient in India and Nepal. Under the name of rasna the root is used to treat rheumatism throughout the Indian subcontinent.
398 Habenaria longicorniculata J.Graham Orchidaceae Orchid Folk;
399 Geodorum densiflorum (Lam.) Schltr. Orchidaceae Orchid The tuberous base is regarded as emollient when utilized as a poultice.
400 Clematis triloba A.St.-Hil. Ranunculaceae Shrubs Aromatic oil. Skin problems; The juice of the leaves, combined with that of the leaves of Holarrhena antidysenterica, is dropped into the eye for the relief of pain in staphyloma; about 2 drops being used. Vaidya Rugnatbji of Junagad says the whole plant is a purgative. It is said to be used as a remedy in leprosy, blood diseases and fever by Sanskrit authors.
401 Cocculus hirsutus (L.) Diels Menispermaceae Shrubs An aqueous extract of the leaves has shown diuretic and laxative properties. An infusion of the leaves is used to treat stomach-ache. A decoction is drunk to remedy female sterility. The leaf sap is used to treat nervous illnesses. The cooked leaves are eaten to treat night blindness. A jelly prepared by soaking leaves in cold water is taken to check spermatogenesis. Applied externally, the leaves are used to treat skin infections and itchy skin including eczema, rheumatism and gonorrhea. The roots are alterative, diuretic, laxative and tonic. A decoction is applied against fever, rheumatism and severe weight loss. The plants are reported to have anti-oxidant, cytotoxic, Hepatoprotective, anti-cancer, and hypotensive. It is used traditionally as alterative, laxative, demulcent, prurigo, eczema, dyspepsia tonic, diuretic, antiperiodic in fever, in malaria, joint pains and in skin diseases.
402 Capparis zeylanica L. Capparaceae Shrubs The leaves are employed as a counter-irritant, and are made into a poultice for treating boils, swellings and haemorrhoids. They are also used to reduce perspiration and to improve the appetite. A decoction of the root-bark is used as a remedy for vomiting and to improve the appetite. anti-ulcer; In folk medicine, leaves used as cataplasm for boils, swelling and hemorrhoids. Decoction of root-bark used for vomiting and for improving the appetite. Leaves also used to improve the appetite.
403 Tamarix ericoides Rottler & Willd. Tamaricaceae Shrubs The plant is known for its medicinal properties and used for diabetes, paralysis, antidermatosis, stem powder with honey is taken for stomach disorder while decoction of root is given in painful urination.
404 Tamarix troupii Hole Tamaricaceae Shrubs The bark is bitter and an astringent, tonic; fruit and leaves are useful for dysentery and chronic Diarrhea. Galls are astringent, given internally in dysentery and Diarrhea, A strong decoction of gall is recommended for foul and sloughing ulcers; infusion is used as a gargle for sore throat. Powdered galls mixed with oil or vaseline is used in ulcerating piles and anal fissures. As a mild purgative, decoction of the gall is suitable for children, as it causes soft motion without irritation of bowels. The twigs and leaves are vulnerary; their ash is carminative, diuretic, Hepatoprotective, resolvent of the hepatic and splenic inflammations. It enters in British pharmacopoeia for their highest containing tannic acid.
405 Abelmoschus manihot (L.) Medik. Malvaceae Shrubs Sexual Power; The bark is said to be emmenagogue. A paste of the bark is used to treat wounds and cuts, with new paste being applied every 2 - 3 days for about 3 weeks. In Nepal the root juice is warmed and applied to sprains. The juice of the flowers is used to treat chronic bronchitis and toothache.
406 Abutilon indicum (L.) Sweet Malvaceae Shrubs Snake bite, Urinal diseases, Anti-cancer (leaf): Kaladhar et al., 2014; The juice of the leaves is demulcent and diuretic. A decoction of the leaves is used to treat fever, colic, and for cleaning wounds and ulcers. A paste made of the leaves or seeds is applied to wounds, boils and ulcers. The seeds are laxative and are useful in cases of haemorrhoids and cough. An infusion of the root is used as a treatment for leprosy. It is taken internally as a cooling remedy for coughs and fevers. A decoction of the flowers is used to treat fever, colic, and for cleaning wounds and ulcers. anti-inflammatory; Anti-proliferative activity; Anti-Arthritic activity; Analgesic; Sedative property; Antioxidant; Antimicrobial activity; Hepatoprotective activity; Anti diabetic; Anti cancer; Anti Diarrheal; Anti-convulsant; Larvicidal; Wound healing; Anti asthmatic; Diuretic; Immunomodulatory; Anti-estrogenic activity;
407 Abutilon pannosum (G. Forst.) Schltdl. Malvaceae Shrubs The plant contains mucilage. It is used to treat Diarrhea, dysentery and stomach troubles. The flowers were used to increase semen in men(Raamchandran, 2007).
408 Azanza lampas (Cav.) Alef. Malvaceae Shrubs The roots and fruits are used in the treatment of gonorrhea and syphilis. The root juice is used in the treatment of a range of ailments and also as a health tonic. A root paste is used in the treatment of jaundice. The stem ofthe plan ist used traditionally in the treatment of inflammation, hyperacidity, epistaxis, bronchitis, cough, dysentery, fever, sun stroke, carbincles, and worms. Aqueous extracts of the plant, tested on tapeworms and roundworms, have shown vermicidal activity. They have been found effective as an anthelmintic. A study showed in vitro anti-oxidant activity, with a relationship between extract concentration and percentage of inhibition of free radicals, metal chelating, reducing power and lipid peroxidation inhibition. Studies have shown that the plant exhibits a statistically significant Hepatoprotective effect, thus supporting its traditional use to treat liver problems. A study of extracts of the plant have shown both anti-oxidant activity and anti-lipoxygenase activity. Lipoxygenases are critical in the biosynthesis of leukotrines which play an important role in the pathophysiology of inflammatory disease. A study has established the lipid lowering properties of an aqueous extract of the roots. Total cholesterol, low-density lipids and triglycerides were significantly reduced, while the high density lipid level was significantly increased.
409 Hibiscus ovalifolius (Forssk.) Vahl Malvaceae Shrubs Dysentery
410 Sida acuta Burm. f. Malvaceae Shrubs A decoction of the whole plant is used as a treatment for fevers. The juice of the plant is used to treat indigestion. The plant is ground and mixed with soft grease and sugar to make a poultice that is applied to soften abscesses and release pus. The leaves are diuretic. An infusion is used to treat dysentery. The juice of the leaves is mixed with vinegar to make an anti-inflammatory and digestive remedy. A decoction of the leaves is used to bathe wounds. The leaves are applied to the head as a poultice to remedy headache. A poultice made from the boiled leaves is applied to ulcers and other sores. The root is febrifuge. The juice of the root is used to treat fevers. The root is chewed to relieve a toothache. The roots contain asparagine. The leaf contains mucilage and saponins. The plant contains the alkaloid cryptolepine, which shows hypotensive and anti-microbial action.
411 Sida orientalis Cab. Malvaceae Shrubs Leaves are demulcent and refrigerant and are useful in gonorrhea, gleet and scalding urine. Decoction of the root-bark and root is used in mild cases of debility and fever. Leaves are bruised in water, strained through cloth and administered in the form of a draught. Root is used in decoction. The stems are rich in mucilage and are employed internally as an emollient, diuretic, and as a febrifuge with pepper. The roots are bitter, cooling, and anthelmintic.
412 Urena lobata L. Malvaceae Shrubs The plant is used as a diuretic, febrifuge, and for treatment of rheumatism, malaria, gonorrhea, wound, and toothache. A paste of the fruit is used to treat Diarrhea.
413 Urena sinuata L. Malvaceae Shrubs Roots are considered emollient, refrigerant and maturant; used as an external application for lumbago. Leaves are prescribed in inflammation of the intestine and the bladder; decoction is given in colic. Infusion of the flowers is used in bronchitis.
414 Helicteres isora L. Malvaceae Shrubs Treat snake bite, Diarrhea and constipation of new born baby. The extract of the seeds cures dysentery and stomach pain. The root and stem bark are expectorant, demulcent, astringent, galactofuge, and a remedy for scabies. The stem bark is also used for treating Diarrhea and dysentery; anti-oxidant, hypolipidaemic, anti-bacterial and antiplasmid activities, cardiac anti-oxidant, antiperoxidative potency, brain-antioxidation potency, anti-cancer activity, antinociceptive activity, Hepatoprotective activity, anti-Diarrheal activity and wormicidal activity;
415 Waltheria americana L. Sterculiaceae Shrubs Bark is used to cure a sore throat. Juice from the tap root is combined with Noni and Olena to help cure colds. Flowers, buds, and older leaves and bark from the tap root are used in a concoction to treat asthma. Pain, inflammation, conditions of inflammation, Diarrhea, dysentery, conjunctivitis, wounds, abscess, epilepsy, convulsions, anemia, erectile dysfunctions, bladder ailments and asthma.
416 Grewia abutilifolia W. Vent ex Juss. Tiliaceae Shrubs It is used as a remedy for acne and a root decoction as a remedy for fever.
417 Grewia flavescens Juss. Tiliaceae Shrubs The roots used to treat menstrual problems, stomach problems during pregnancy and other disorders in women. The leaves were reported to be useful in ulcerated tongue, colic pain, wounds, cholera and dysentery. Root powder and decoction of roots were used to remove kidney stones and in urinary tract infections.
418 Grewia hirsuta Vahl Tiliaceae Shrubs Vata-pitta shamak, used for heart disease, cough, wounds and dyspnoea (root); in Diarrhea and dysentery (drupes); heart disease, fever (plant). leaves are useful in nose and eye diseases, anthelmintic. The root is astringent to the bowel; useful in cholera, hydrophobia, kidney pain, piles, anthelmintic. Leaves and fruits are purgative, expectorants, carminative, abortifaciant, galactagogue; useful in splenic enlargement, eye troubles, piles, rheumatism pain in joints and in breasts.
419 Triumfetta rhomboidea Jacq. Tiliaceae Shrubs A decoction of the root is used as a remedy for internal ulcerations. The leaves are antihypertensive, astringent, diuretic, mucilaginous and emollient. A decoction of the plant in rice water, or of the root and bark, is used to treat Diarrhea, dysentery, internal haemorrhages and gonorrhea. The leaves and flowers are used as a treatment against leprosy. Patients with severe colds are treated by giving them a daily sauna with the boiling leaves. The fruit and pounded roots are believed to promote childbirth. The crushed flowers may be applied as a poultice on boils. The plant is used in the treatment of dysentery, diarrhoe, ulcer and leprosy.
420 Murraya koenigii (L.) Spreng. Rutaceae Shrubs It is a warming, strongly aromatic herb that improves appetite and digestion. The leaves, roots and bark can all be used internally in the treatment of digestive problems. It has been shown that the leaves increase digestive secretions and relieve nausea, indigestion and vomiting. The leaves can be used internally in treating constipation, colic and Diarrhea. The leaves are used in the treatment of Diarrhea and dysentery. The leaves can be applied externally as a poultice to treat burns and wounds. anti-diabetic, Anti Diarrheal, stimulant, antidysentric, tonic, stomachic and carminative, dysentery
421 Celastrus paniculatus Willd. Celastraceae Shrubs Brain tonic, Stomach pain, Rheumatism
422 Maytenus emarginata (Willd.) Ding Hou Celastraceae Shrubs Dental problems, Antibiotic, Warms, used  for fever, asthama, rheumatism and gastrointestinal disorders worldwide. HIV?Protease, Carcinoma  and  leukemia, Ulcers, MDR
423 Leea edgeworthii Santapau Vitaceae / Leeaceae Shrubs The root tuber is used as a treatment against guineaworms. The root, combined with the bark of Boswellia serrata, is made into paste which is prescribed in cases of snake bite.
424 Abrus precatorius L. Fabaceae Shrubs Cough, Urinal disease, Brain tonic, abortifacient, contraceptive, emetic and irritant. The seeds are also antiperiodic, bitter, aphrodisiac, diaphoretic, emetic, expectorant and purgative. The seeds are used externally in the treatment of sciatica, hair loss, skin disease, leprosy, nervous debility and paralysis. The roots have been used to treat digestive disorders. The stem bark is emollient. A decoction is used as a treatment for stomach-ache, thrush, colds, coughs, sore throat and asthma. An extract of the bark is used as a treatment for cancer treatment
425 Aeschynomene indica L. Fabaceae Shrubs treat kidney stones and urinary disorders, Anti-cancer(Wozniak et al., 2015). The plant has many medicinal uses, including as a spermicide.
426 Crotalaria juncea L. Fabaceae Shrubs Skin diseases. The seeds are said to purify the blood and are used to treat impetigo and psoriasis.
427 Crotalaria retusa L. Fabaceae Shrubs The roots are used against coughing up blood. The plant is used as a treatment for complaints such as cough, dyspepsia, fever, cardiac disorders, stomatitis, Diarrhea, scabies and impetigo. An infusion of the plant is used to bathe children in order to prevent skin infections and also to treat thrush. The leaves, mixed with those of Crotalaria quinquefolia, act internally as well as externally against fever, scabies, lung diseases and impetigo. A decoction of the flowers and leaves is used to soothe a cold. The seeds are eaten raw to act as an analgesic to deaden the pain of a scorpion sting. The powdered seeds, mixed with milk, are eaten in order to increase body strength; they are also used to treat skin diseases
428 Crotalaria spectabilis Roth. Fabaceae Shrubs The plant is used in the treatment of scabies and impetigo. The seed and other above-ground parts contain the pyrrolizidine alkaloid monocrotaline, which has been shown to lower blood pressure but is also toxic.
429 Desmodium gangeticum (L.) DC. Fabaceae Shrubs A decoction of the leaves is used against stones in the gall bladder, kidneys or bladder. The leaves are applied as a poultice to the head as a treatment for headache. The roots are considered to be alterative, astringent, bitter tonic, diuretic, expectorant and febrifuge. A decoction of the root is employed to treat kidney problems, oedema, swellings, chronic fever, coughs, biliousness, Diarrhea and dysentery; or as a sedative for children. The roots are applied to the gums as a treatment for toothache. A decoction is used externally to clean wounds and ulcers. The whole plant is considered to be anthelmintic. anti-oxidant, cardio-protective, anti-inflammatory, anti-ulcer, anti-diabetic, nootropic, anti-leshmanial, immunomodulatory activity;
430 Desmodium laxiflorum DC. Fabaceae Shrubs anti-pyretic
431 Indigofera cassioides DC. Fabaceae Shrubs A decoction of the roots is used in the treatment of coughs. The root is dried, ground into a powder and applied externally in the treatment of pains in the chest.
432 Indigofera tinctoria L. Fabaceae Shrubs Eye problems; A leaf infusion (sometimes combined with honey or milk) is used to treat a range of disorders including epilepsy and nervous disorders; asthma and bronchitis; fever; complaints of the stomach, liver, kidney and spleen; and as a rabies prophylactic. Applied externally, the leaves are made into an ointment for treating skin diseases, wounds, sores, ulcers and haemorrhoids. A tincture of the seed is used in India to kill lice. A root preparation is applied to relieve toothache, syphilis, gonorrhea and kidney stones. A watery root paste is applied topically in India to treat worm-infested wounds. A root infusion is used there as an anti-dote against snake bites and to treat insect and scorpion stings.
433 Indigofera trita L. f. Fabaceae Shrubs The plant is used as Anti-tumor (Nadkarni et.al.2000), Hepatoprotective, anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory and analgesic activities(Senthilkumar et al., 2008). Treat diseases such as rheumatism, arthritis, inflammation, tumor and liver diseases.
434 Moghania bracteata (Roxb.) H.L.Li Fabaceae Shrubs A decoction or infusion of the leaves and the flowers is used in the treatment of tuberculosis. A decoction of the leaves is given as a bath after childbirth and is also used as a treatment for rheumatish. The leaves are used both externally and internally as a vermifuge for children. One seed a month is chewed by women as a contraceptive. The root is used in the treatment of indigestion, fevers epilepsy and hysteria, to induce sleep and to relieve pain. If a sufficient dose is taken, the roots can induce a heavy sleep even if the person is experiencing great pain. There are no ill effects. The fresh roots are crushed in water in a mortar and pestle - the liquid is taken twice daily for 7 days as a treatment for Diarrhea and dysentery. A paste made from the root is applied topically to treat swellings
435 Moghania lineata (L.) Kuntze Fabaceae Shrubs The ash of this plant is made into paste with coconut oil and applied over the affected area as a treatment for skin diseases.
436 Mucuna pruriens (L.) DC. Fabaceae Shrubs Skin diseases, Antibiotoic, Antioxidant, Parkinson's disease, Diabetes, nervous disorders and arthritis
437 Sesbania bispinosa (Jacq.) W. Wight Fabaceae Shrubs Roots are used as contraceptive, hepato-protective, anti-helminthic & carminative. It is also used for the cure of tuberculous glands in dysuria, in retention of urine, leucoderma & as an anti-dote in scorpion stings, for the relief of fever, ulcer, diabetes etc. The leaves and flowers are astringent. They are used in he treatment of inflammations, bacterial infections and tumours. They are prepared as poultices for external use or taken as a decoction for internal ailments. The seed, mixed with flour, is used to treat ringworm and other skin diseases and worms. Plant decoction used as antacid and also given in prolonged fever. Seed powder given to induce hunger (Bhogaonkar and Devarkar 2002).
438 Tephrosia purpurea (L.) Pers. Fabaceae Shrubs Anthelmintic, alexipharma, diuretic, deobstruent, laxative, bronchitis, bilious, febrile attacks, boils, pimpls and bleeding piles. Decoction of leaves mixed with 1-2 cloves is used against dysentery.
439 Uraria picta (Jacq.)DC. Fabaceae Shrubs relieves mild Diarrhea, dyspnoea, Asthma, Bronchitis and Chronic respiratory disorders, healing of fractured bone, anti-inflammatory, antianxiety ,anti depressant. The Uraria species is useful in quick healing of bone fractures. It is used as a cardio and nervine tonic and has anti-inflammatory, expectorant, and diuretic properties. The root of the plant is one of the ingredients of ‘dasamoola’ in Ayurveda.
440 Caesalpinia decapetala (Roth) Alston Fabaceae Shrubs Anthelmintic, antiperiodic, astringent, febrifuge. The leaves are emmenagogue and laxative. They are applied externally to burns. The root is purgative. Anti-cancer (Ogunwande et al., 2010)
441 Cassia obtusifolia L. Caesalpiniaceae / Fabaceae / Leguminosae Shrubs Anti-cancer (Elshamy et al., 2010)
442 Cassia occidentalis L. Caesalpiniaceae / Fabaceae / Leguminosae Shrubs Skin diseases; The whole plant is diuretic, febrifuge, stomachic and tonic. It is used in the treatment of hypertension, dropsy, diabetes, fevers, biliousness, rheumatism, ringworm and eczema. The plant is boiled and gargled for treating throat troubles. Applied externally, it is pounded and mixed with wood-ash and rubbed on areas of leishmaniasis and eczema. The root is cholagogue, emetic and purgative. An infusion is used in the treatment of bilious fever, ordinary fever, stomach-ache, and to ease menstruation. A tincture of the root is rubbed onto rheumatic areas.
443 Acacia pennata (L.) Willd. Fabaceae Shrubs Leaf juice mixed with milk is used for treatment of indigestion in infants. It is also used for scalding of urine and for curing bleeding gums. Some people use boiled tender leaves for cholera treatment, digestive complaints, relief of headache, body pain, snake bites, and even to cure fish poisoning. The root can be used for inducing flatulency and to cure stomach pain. The bark is used for treatment of bronchitis, asthma and for stomach complaints.
444 Mimosa hamata Willd. Fabaceae Shrubs Skin diseases; A paste of leaf powder are applied to burn, over glandular swelling and also used in dressing for sinus, sores and piles. Used for urinary complaints and used as a tonic against general weakness. Treatment of diverse diseases such as fever, Diarrhea, coagulant, dysentery, jaundice, wounds, piles, tonic in urinary complaints, blood-purifier and paste of leaves is applied over glandular swellings and paste of roots with linum oil and gugul is unguent (Gupta et al., 2010). Seed powder and leaf juice of M. hamata boiled in buffalo milk is given as a tonic in general weakness and also sexual debility in males.
445 Woodfordia fruticosa (L.) Kurz Lythraceae Shrubs The flowers are astringent. They are used in the treatment of dysentery, traditionally being beaten up with honey into a kind of confection. They are also thought to be of use in treating menorrhagia. The flowers are used externally as an astringent.
446 Ludwigia octovalvis (Jacq.) P.H. Raven Onagraceae Shrubs The plant is carminative, laxative and vermifuge. It is used in the treatment of Diarrhea, dysentery, nervous diseases. It is considered to have analgesic properties and, together with other herbs, is used as a treatment for rheumatic pains. The mucilaginous leaves are used as a poultice to treat a variety of complaints, including headaches, orchitis and swollen glands in the neck. The plant is sometimes used as a treatment against ulcerations of the nose.
447 Hamiltonia suaveolens (Roxb.) Roxb. Rubiaceae Shrubs Roots and stem for curing the diseases related to bone, wound healing, diabetes, Herpes etc.
448 Securinega leucopyrus (Willd.) Müll.Arg. Euphorbiaceae Shrubs Treatment of wound healing. It is also useful in vitiated conditions of Pitta, burning sensation, strangury, seminal weakness and general debility and is used as a wonderful medicine in menstrual disorders. The plant has been used in preparations in traditional medicine for the treatment of cough, hay asthma, bowel complaints, disinfections, laxatives, for Diarrhea, gonorrhea, constipation and mental illness and kidney stones.
449 Artemisia vulgaris L. Asteraceae Shrubs leaves are used to prepare a local hair-care lotion Chinghi. Beneficial in diseases related to menstruation, digestion and parasitic infestations. Topical application of leaves acts anti-septic, anti-bacterial and anti-microbial. Flowers and leaves of Mugwort are also effective in muscular cramps, asthma, painful periods and uterine disorders.
450 Sigesbeckia orientalis L. Asteraceae Shrubs The whole plant is considered to be alterative, anodyne, anthelmintic, antiphlogistic, cardiac, diuretic, febrifuge, salve, sialagogue, stimulates blood circulation. Leaf extracts are widely used for restoring blood circulation; stimulating urine secretion; as a renal tonic; a stomachic; cardiotonic; to facilitate menstruation (as a pain reliever); for treating conditions such as Diarrhea, Leucorrhoea etc., and to cure snake, insect or dog bites. The sap is commonly used externally in the treatment of conditions such as gangrenous ulcers and sores; skin lesions of leprosy; syphilis and other venereal diseases; and as a remedy for ringworm and parasitic infections. The fresh sap leaves a varnish-like covering on the skin when it dries.
451 Plumbago zeylanica L. Plumbaginaceae Shrubs Skin diseases, Anti-cancer(Checker et al., 2010); Paste of root bark is applied for healing of wound. Powder of root is used in digestion. Roots are abortificient. Root is used to cure malaria. Used in treating intestinal troubles, dysentery, leucoderma, inflammation, piles, bronchitis, itching, diseases of the liver, and consumption. The leaves of this herb work well for treating laryngitis, rheumatism, diseases of the spleen, ringworm, scabies, and it acts as an aphrodisiac. A tincture of the root bark is used as an anti-periodic.
452 Embelia ribes Burm.f. Primulaceae Shrubs Improves the functioning of the digestive system and alleviates flatulence, gaseous belching and constipation. Useful in expelling the tape worm out of the digestive system, facial paralysis, epilepsy and insanity. Paste of Embelia ribes reduces cavities and skin associated disease. It is being used in indigestion, constipation, paralysis, convulsions, epilepsy, wormal infestation, infections in body. It also helps in blood purification and healing of wound.
453 Maesa indica (Roxb.) A. DC. Primulaceae Shrubs used in treatment of blood purification and anthelminthic ailments.
454 Calotropis gigantea (L.) W.T. Aiton Asclepiadaceae Shrubs The milky sap (latex) coagulates when warm and is said to have similar cardiac properties to digitalis (from various Digitalis spp.). It is also considered to be anti-septic, emetic, purgative and vermifuge. It is used in the treatment of a variety of other conditions including dysentery, leprosy, elephantiasis, epilepsy, asthma and many other complaints. Mixed with salt, it is taken orally as an emetic for treating severe colds. The latex is applied to sprains, body pains, boils and pimples. The milky latex is used externally to stop bleeding, and for treating a wide range of conditions including leprosy, rheumatism, ringworm, boils, scabies, stings, burns, bruises, cuts, sores and wounds. It is applied to the gums and teeth to treat caries and toothaches
455 Calotropis procera (Aiton) W.T. Aiton Asclepiadaceae Shrubs The bark and leaves are used for the treatment of leprosy and asthma, respectively. Used for Diarrhea, stomatic, sinus fistula, and skin disease, and the leaf part is used to treat jaundice.
456 Dregea volubilis (L. f.) Benth. ex Hook. f. Apocynaceae Shrubs The leaves are much employed as an application to boils and abscesses. The roots and tender stalks are considered emetic and expectorant. The young roots are cut and the exuding juice is inserted into the nose to cause sneezing. used to treat rheumatic pain, cough, fever and severe cold. Leaf paste is taken along with pepper to treat dyspepsia; bark paste mixed with hot milk is used internally for treating urinary infections.
457 Holostemma annulare (Roxb.) K. Schumann Apocynaceae Shrubs Externally the paste of its leaves and roots alleviate oedema due to vitiation of pitta dosa. The herb is beneficial for external use in various skin diseases, wounds and inflammation of the skin.
458 Leptadenia reticulata (Retz.) Wight Apocynaceae Shrubs Lactative; The plant is galactogogue, cooling, nutritive, aphrodisiac, stimulant, diuretic, and eyetonic. Useful to cure eye-diseases, seminal debility, general weakness, cough, dyspnoea, fever, asthma, constipation, sore throat, and gonorrhea. Extracts of roots and leaves of the plant act as anti-bacterial and anti-fungal agent. It promotes health and vigour, improves voice, alleviates the three dosas vata, pitta and kapha. It also cures eye diseases, hematemesis, emaciation, cough, dyspnoea, fever and burning sensation.
459 Hemidesmus indicus (L.) R. Br. Apocynaceae / Asclepiadaceae Shrubs Tonic, The paste of leaves kept in tooth to remove the germs in teeth. Used for urinary diseases. Used in lactation problem. It is used for venereal diseases, herpes, skin diseases, arthritis, rheumatism, gout, epilepsy, insanity, chronic nervous diseases, abdominal distention, intestinal gas, debility, impotence and turbid urine. The root is a valuable alterative, blood purifier, demulcent, diaphoretic, diuretic and tonic. It is used in the treatment of appetite loss, dyspepsia, fever, skin diseases, syphilis, Leucorrhoea, genitourinary diseases and chronic coughs. A paste of the roots is applied externally to swellings and rheumatic joints.
460 Rotula aquatica Lour. Boraginaceae Shrubs The roots possess astringent,sudorific, bitter and antiurolithiatic properties. Traditionally roots are used in renal and vesicle calculi, hemorrhoids, veneral diseases and diabetes.The roots also used for the treatment of piles and as a laxative. It exhibits cooling, bitter and astringent properties. Diuretic and cardiotonic properties.
461 Flemingia macrophylla (Willd.) O. Ktze. ex Merr. Fabaceae / Leguminosae Shrubs The leaves are febrifuge and are used for treating postpartum fever and to treat paralysis and pain in the joints. A decoction of the leaves is used to bathe sores and swellings. The entire plant is given to relieve stomach-ache. A decoction of the root is drunk as a treatment for spermatorrhoea
462 Datura inoxia Mill. Solanaceae Shrubs All parts of the plant are anodyne, antispasmodic, hallucinogenic, hypnotic and narcotic. It has been used in the past as a pain killer and also in the treatment of insanity, fevers with catarrh, Diarrhea and skin diseases.
463 Datura metel L. Solanaceae Shrubs Galfugi, Antibiotic; Thorn apple is a bitter narcotic plant that relieves pain and encourages healing. It has a long history of use as a herbal medicine, being especially well-known as a treatment for chest complaints, including asthma, cough, tuberculosis and bronchitis. The whole plant, but especially the leaves and seed, is abortifacient, anaesthetic, anodyne, antispasmodic, antitussive, bronchodilator, hallucinogenic, hypnotic and mydriatic. It has a wide range of applications, including in the treatment of epilepsy, hysteria, insanity, heart diseases, fever with catarrh, Diarrhea, skin diseases etc. Anaesthetic, antiDiarrheal, anti-pyretic, anti-septic, anodyne, antispasmodic, antitussive, hallucinogenic, hypnotic, hydriatic, narcotic.
464 Solanum incanum L. Solanaceae Shrubs The plant is especially valued for its analgesic properties. All parts of the plant are used - usually the leaves, roots or fruits are used in decoction, or the roots are chewed or the sap swallowed. Conditions treated include a sore throat, angina, stomach-ache, colic, headache, painful menstruation, liver pain and pain caused by onchocerciasis, pleurisy, pneumonia and rheumatism. When used externally, the leaf paste, root infusions or the pounded fruits are rubbed into scarifications, the leaf sap is used for washing painful areas, and ash of burnt plants is mixed with fat and applied as an ointment. Conditions treated include skin infections, whitlow, ringworm, burns, sores, rashes, wounds, warts, carbuncles, ulcers and benign tumours.
465 Solanum violaceum Ortega Solanaceae Shrubs The fruits are diuretic and expectorant. They are an effective treatment against diabetes, and even seem to be capable of curing it. They are also used for relieving cough and alleviating toothache. Applied externally, they are used for treating skin diseases.
466 Martynia annua L. Martyniaceae Shrubs Root decoction is administered for snake bite, leaf juice for epilepsy, tuberculosis and sore throat. Ash of fruit mixed with coconut oil is applied on burn. Seed oil applied on abscesses.
467 Barleria cristata L. Acanthaceae Shrubs The bitter juice of the leaves or roots is anti-bacterial, diaphoretic and expectorant. It is used in the treatment of serious catarrhal infections. An infusion of the roots and leaves is applied to boils and sores to reduce swellings. The seeds are used as an anti-dote for snake bites. Tests have shown that a methanol extract of the leaves possesses significant anti-inflammatory activity. It allegedly acts as a tonic, diuretic and blood purifier.
468 Barleria prattensis Santapau Acanthaceae Shrubs curing fever, energy tonic and increasing lactation level.
469 Barleria prionitis L. Acanthaceae Shrubs utilized for treatment of toothache, catarrhal affections, whooping cough, inflammations, glandular swellings, urinary infection, jaundice, fever, gastrointestinal disorders and as diuretic and tonic.
470 Carvia callosa (Wall. ex Nees) Bremek. Acanthaceae Shrubs Leaves are crushed and the juice is believed to be a sure cure for stomach ailments.
471 Peristrophe bicalyculata (Retz.) Nees Acanthaceae Shrubs The herb is used for its anti-bacterial property (tuberculostatic), snake poison, in bone fracture, sprain, fever, cold, cough and for ear and eye treatments. Anti-cancer (Ogunwande et al., 2010); It is used on fever, dyspepsia, swellings and bronchitis, juice of the leaves is applied on glandular swelling.
472 Clerodendrum serratum (L.) Moon Verbenaceae Shrubs The plant is commonly used in traditional medicine as a poultice for skin diseases, yaws, headache, leprosy and persistent fever. It is an ingredient of an embrocation for stiff joints. The dried leaves, roots or stems enter in various prescriptions for haemorrhoids. A decoction of leaves and/or stem is used as a carminative, and to relieve fevers and chronic headache. The pounded leaves are applied externally in various prescriptions for cephalalgia, ophthalmia skin infections, rheumatism and painful joints. A decoction of the stem is used as an anti-malarial and to relieve abdominal pain. A decoction of the fruit is given to relieve colic. Ripe and unripe fruits are chewed with the leaves of Piper betle for treating coughs. The wood is considered diuretic. The root is considered antiemetic. It is used in medicine for treating fevers, rheumatism and dyspepsia. The flowers are consumed during labour. The seeds are used to some extent for treating oedema. It is traditionally valued and reported for treating pain, inflammation, rheumatism, respiratory disorders, fever and malarial fever.
473 Clerodendrum viscosum Vent. Verbenaceae Shrubs Cold; Extract of the leaves is given orally in fever and bowel troubles. Fresh leaf-juice is introduced in the rectum for removal of ascarids. Leaves and flowers are used to cure scorpion sting.
474 Lantana camara L. Verbenaceae Shrubs Lantana essential oil is sometimes used for the treatment of skin itches, as an anti-septic for wounds, and externally for leprosy and scabies. It is applied as a poultice on rheumatic joints. The root is sweet and bitter tasting, refrigerant, antifebrile. A decoction is used to treat influenza, cough, mumps, incessant high fever, malaria, cervical lymph node tuberculosis, asthma, toothache, headache, inflammation, gonorrhea and Leucorrhoea. The flowers are sweet tasting, mildly cooling and haemostatic. A decoction of the dried flowers is used in the treatment of haemoptysis and pulmonary tuberculosis. The leaves are aromatic with a minty taste, they have a cooling nature, are antiphlogistic, anti-dermatosic, diaphoretic, febrifuge, pectoral, stimulant, tonic and vulnerary. An infusion of the leaves and flowering tops is used in the treatment of fevers, constipation, tuberculosis, catarrh and bronchitis.
475 Nyctanthes arbor-tristis L. Oleaceae Shrubs The bitter leaves are useful as a cholagogue, laxative, diaphoretic and diuretic. An extract is given to children for the expulsion of roundworms and threadworms. An anti-inflammatory activity of the leaves has been recorded recently.
476 Vitex negundo L. Verbenaceae Shrubs Rheumatism, Skin diseases, important treatment for chronic bronchitis; The aromatic leaves are astringent, febrifuge, sedative, tonic and vermifuge. They are useful in dispersing swellings of the joints from acute rheumatism, and of the testes from suppressed gonorrhea. The juice of the leaves is used for removing foetid discharges and worms from ulcers, whilst an oil prepared with the leaf juice is applied to sinuses and scrofulous sores. The leaves are stuffed into pillows, which are then used to relieve headache. The dried fruit is vermifuge. The fruit is also used in the treatment of angina, colds, coughs, rheumatic difficulties etc. The fresh berries are pounded to a pulp and used in the form of a tincture for the relief of paralysis, pains in the limbs, weakness etc. The root is expectorant, febrifuge and tonic. It is used in the treatment of colds and rheumatic ailments.
477 Anisomeles indica (L.) Kuntze Lamiaceae / Labiatae Shrubs The whole plant is used, but especially the leaves and the roots. It is a powerful astringent, carminative, febrifuge and tonic. The plant is used in the treatment of rheumatism, colds, fevers, abdominal pain, skin sores, and snake bites. A decoction of the leaves is used as an antirheumatic and stomachic, and also to treat uterine infections, kidney gravel, swellings and hypertension. The juice of the leaves is given to children for colic, dyspepsia and fever caused by teething. Inhaling the vapour of the hot infusion induces copious perspiration. The essential oil distilled from the leaves is applied externally as an embrocation in rheumatic arthritis.
478 Colebrookea oppositifolia Sm. Lamiaceae / Labiatae Shrubs The plant material is generally used to cure the diseases like epilepsy,fever, headache, and urinary problems. It possess Hepatoprotective, cardioprotective and anti-inflammatory attributes.
479 Hyptis suaveolens (L.) Poit. Lamiaceae / Labiatae Shrubs A decoction of the roots is valued as an appetizer. This plant is also used for affections of the uterus. A decoction of the root is said to be emmenagogic, and a stimulant if employed in rheumatism. The flowering plant is anti-fungal, carminative, febrifuge, stomachic. It is used in the treatment of a wide range of conditions including flatulence and other stomach problems, fevers associated with colds. The juice of leaves, mixed with lime juice, is drunk for stomach aches. Applied externally, it is used as a wash or poultice on skin disorders such as dermatitis and eczema, boils, headaches etc. A poultice of the pounded fresh material is applied as a poultice on snake bites. The juice of leaves is applied daily between the toes as a treatment for athlete's foot. The leaf paste is applied on sores and fungal skin infections.
480 Pogostemon benghalensis (Burm.f.) Kuntze Lamiaceae / Labiatae Shrubs Whole part and shoot are used in wound. eaves are also useful in the treatment of kidney stone. The oil is used in aromatherapy to treat skin complaints. Leaves are used in fever. Used for several treatment as stomach disorders like Diarrhea, dysentery, indigestion, etc. and as a recipe for women as post parturition treatment, weakness and lactation.
481 Pupalia lappacea (L.) Juss. Amaranthaceae Shrubs The leaves are antitussive, diuretic and febrifuge. They are taken in various ways in the treatment of coughs - they are put into soups; purple coloured leaves are pounded with palm-oil and salt; or they are made into a simple tisane. They are also used in various ways to treat dysenteriform Diarrhea and oedema. The leaves are used in an enema to treat constipation. Applied externally, the leaves are mixed with palm-oil or butter for the treatment of boils. The leaves are also used in topical applications to treat cuts. A decoction is applied in frictions to treat oedema of the legs. Used to treat jaundice, abdominal colics, cephalgias, Diarrheas, paralysis, erectile dysfunction, vomiting and malaria.
482 Dendrophthoe falcata (L.f.) Ettingsh. Loranthaceae Shrubs The whole plant is used in indigenous systems of medicine as cooling, astringent, aphrodisiac, narcotic and diuretic. The plant is useful in the treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis, asthma, menstrual disorders, constipation, insanity, Diarrhea, dysentery, arthritis, Leucorrhoea, rheumatism, skin diseases, impotency, wound swelling, paralysis, ulcers, haemorrhage, miscarriage, kidney and gall bladder stone. The plant possess the wound healing, anti-microbial, hepato-protective, anti-diabetic, anti-cancer, antinociceptive, anthelmintic, anti-oxidant and anti-septic properties. The whole plant is used in indigenous system of medicine as cooling, bitter, astringent, aphrodisiac, narcotic and diuretic and is useful in treating pulmonary tuberculosis, asthma, menstrual disorders, swelling wounds, ulcers, renal and vesical calculi and vitiated conditions of kapha and pitta.
483 Viscum articulatum Burm. f. Santalaceae Shrubs Digestive, hypertension, ulcer, epilepsy, inflammation, wound, nephrotoxicity, HIV, cancer, etc.
484 Baliospermum montanum (Willd.) Müll.Arg. Euphorbiaceae Shrubs Roots, seeds, leaves and seed oil are used to treat jaundice, constipation, piles, anemia, conjuctivitis. The roots are purgative, anthelmintic, carminative, rubefacient and anodyne. Used in abdominal pain, constipation, calculus, general anasarca, piles, helminthic infestation, scabies and skin disorders. Root paste is applied to painful swellings and piles. The leaves relieve asthma and seeds are used to cure snake bites.
485 Homonoia riparia Lour. Euphorbiaceae Shrubs A root decoction acts as an emetic. A decoction of the leaves is used against itches. The stems and leaves are applied as a purgative. The leaves were used to blacken teeth and to fix loose ones. The pounded leaves and sometimes fruits are applied as a poultice against skin diseases. A decoction of the leaves and fruits is similarly effective. Stem and leaves are used as a medicine to depurate the skin of diseases. An infusion of the wood is used against malaria and scabies.
486 Jatropha curcas L. Euphorbiaceae Shrubs The juice of the bark is used in the treatment of malarial fevers, and is also useful in reducing swellings caused by inflammation. This juice is also applied externally to treat burns, scabies, eczema and ringworm. The fresh bark is cut into small pieces and chewed or kept in the mouth for 1 - 2 hours in order to treat pyorrhoea. A paste of the bark is applied to the gums to treat wounds and swellings of the gums. The thin twigs are popularly used in Nepal as toothbrushes to treat toothache. They are considered especially good for treating bleeding and swollen gums. A leaf infusion is used as a diuretic, for bathing, to treat coughs, and as an enema in treating convulsions and fits. The leaves are also used to treat jaundice, fevers, rheumatic pains, guinea worm sores and poor development of the foetus in pregnant women. In Ghana the ashes from the burnt leaves are applied by rectal injection for treating haemorrhoids. The juice of the leaves, or the latex, is applied directly to wounds and cuts as a styptic and astringent to clean teeth, gums, and to treat sores on the tongue and in the mouth. It is also considered useful for treating decayed teeth.
487 Phyllanthus maderaspatensis L. Phyllanthaceae Shrubs The plant sap and leaf decoction are credited with emetic and purgative activities. Plant sap is used as nose drops to treat toothache. Ground leaves are rubbed on the skin with lemon juice as treatment for rheumatism. The seeds are carminative, diuretic and laxative. The plant is used as an aphrodisiac. The plant is widely used in India to treat headache, bronchitis, earache and ophthalmia. Powder from dried plant material mixed with milk is drunk to treat jaundice. The whole plant is pounded and boiled, then the solution used for washing areas of the body affected by scabies. A root decoction is taken to cure constipation, Diarrhea, lack of appetite, intestinal pain, menstrual problems, gastrointestinal disorders, testicular swelling, chest complaints and snake bites.
488 Securinega virosa (Roxb. ex Willd.) Baill. Phyllanthaceae Shrubs sedative in children and in mental illnesses. Analgesic, anti-diabetics, Anti-daote. The roots and fruits are believed to be an effective snake bite remedy. Roots are used as contraceptives and for the treatment of syphilis, gonorrhea, rheumatism, sterility, rashes, and an infusion of the root is taken to relieve malaria. The bark is believed to provide a treatment for Diarrhea and pneumonia.
489 Asparagus racemosus Willd. Asparagaceae Shrubs Lactative, Tonic, used in the form of juice, paste, decoction and powder to treat intrinsic haemorrhage, Diarrhea, piles, hoarseness of voice, cough, arthritis, poisoning, diseases of female genital tract, erysipelas, fever, as aphrodisiac and as rejuvinative. It is also useful in treatment of epilepsy, kidney disorders, chronic fevers, excessive heat, stomach ulcers and liver cancer, increases milk secretion in nursing mothers and regulates sexual behaviors.
490 Cassia hirsuta L. Caesalpiniaceae / Fabaceae / Leguminosae Shrubs The leaves are used medicinally for treating kidney disorders and herpes. An infusion is an effective remedy for renal calculi. An infusion of the leaves is applied externally to treat skin disorders and cracked nipples. The root is tonic. A tincture of the root is rubbed onto rheumatic areas.
491 Ichnocarpus ovatifolius A. DC. Apocynaceae Shrubs use as in atrophy, bleeding gums, convulsions, cough, delirium, dysentery, glossitis, heamaturia, measles; anti-inflammatory, analgesic, anti-diabetic, anti-oxidant and antitumor spectrum of activity.
492 Solanum torvum Sw. Solanaceae Shrubs The juice of the plant is used to treat fevers, coughs, asthma, chest ailments, sore throats, rheumatism, dropsy, stomach aches and gonorrhea. The juice of the flowers, with salt added, is used as eye drops. The leaves are an effective anti-microbial and diuretic. An infusion is used as a treatment for thrush. The leaves are dried and ground to powder, this is used as a medicine for diabetic patients. The leaves are applied topically to treat cuts, wounds and skin diseases. A syrup prepared from the leaves and flowers is used as a treatment for colds. An infusion of the leaves and fruits is used as a treatment for bush yaws and sores. The fruit is diuretic. It is used in the treatment of malaria, stomach aches and problems with the spleen. A decoction is given to children as a treatment for coughs. The young fruits are used to improve the eyesight. A paste of the mature fruit is applied as a poultice to the forehead to treat headaches. The fruit juice is applied locally to ease the irritation of ant bites. A decoction of the root is used to treat venereal disease. The roots are boiled, lime juice is added, and the whole is drunk as a treatment for malaria. The juice of the roots is used to treat vomiting caused by weakness. The pounded root is inserted into the cavity of a decayed tooth to relieve toothache.
493 Rhinacanthus communis Nees Acanthaceae Shrubs In India the fresh root and leaves, bruised and mixed with lime juice, are a useful remedy for ringworm and other skin affections. The seeds also are efficacious in ringworm. The root-bark is a remedy for dhobie’s itch. In Sind it is said to possess extraordinary aphrodisiacal powers, the roots boiled in milk being much employed by Hindu practitioners. The roots are believed n some parts of India to be an anti-dote to the bites of poisonous snakes. anti-fungal, anti-bacterial, anti-viral, anti-cancer, anti-inflammatory, anti-diabetic, anti-proliferative; Root, leaves and seeds are useful in eczema;
494 Grewia rothii DC. Tiliaceae Shrubs remedy for Diarrhea and dysentery
495 Oxystelma esculentum (L. fil.) R. Br. Asclepiadaceae Shrubs vital importance in curing the diseases of the modern world like cancer, hepatitis, kidney disorders, stress-related disorders and microbial infections. The plant is hot, bitter, tonic, expectorant, pungent, dry and indigestible; causes flatulence, diuretic, laxative, aphrodisiac, anthelmintic, useful in leucoderma and bronchitis. The juice is used in gleet, gonorrhea, pain in the muscles, cough and given to children as an astringent. The milky sap forms a wash for ulcers.
496 Telosma pallida (Roxb.) Craib Asclepiadaceae Shrubs Used to treat whooping cough, cold and asthma. The milky latex obtained from fruit is used in leucoderma and other skin diseases.
497 Leonotis nepetifolia (L.) R.Br. Lamiaceae / Labiatae Shrubs The plant is used against swellings, fever, gastro-intestinal troubles and as an abortifacient. A decoction of the whole plant is employed to clean out the uterus; treat Diarrhea and heavy cramps; as a diuretic; and as a tonic to strengthen the back. The leaves and flowers are cholagogue. An infusion is used as an antidysenteric; decocted with salt or sugar in a preparation to dissolve renal calculi. The leaf juice is used in the treatment of thrush. In a plaster for wounds. Cooked in an infusion which is drunk to treat itches and skin diseases. The infusion of leaves is traditionally being used to cure the stomach pain of the children and also to cure cough and cold.
498 Artabotrys hexapetalus (L. f.) Bhandari Annonaceae Shrubs A decoction of the leaves is used as a treatment against cholera. The fruit is used to treat scrofula.
499 Barleria strigosa ACANTHACEAE Shrubs The bitter juice of the leaves or roots is anti-bacterial, diaphoretic and expectorant.
500 Caesalpinia bonduc (L.)Roxb. CAESALPINIOIDEAE Shrubs The seeds are anti-bacterial, anti-cancer, anti-fungal, anti-viral, febrifuge, hypocholesterolemic, hypoglycaemic, mildly purgative, stomachic and tonic. The seeds are used to soothe stomach disorders. The seed oil is used to treat rheumatism. The leaves are an ingredient of a famous cough formula.
501 Caesalpinia pulcherrima (L.)Sw. CAESALPINIOIDEAE Shrubs A decoction or infusion of the roots, bark, leaves or flowers is used as a purgative and emmenagogue. According to the dosage it may be used as a mouthwash for teeth or gums, a remedy for colds and fevers, or even as a strong abortifacient. The root is astringent, bitter, emmenagogue and, in larger doses, is used as an abortifacient. It is used in the treatment of Diarrhea. The leaves are emmenagogue, febrifuge and tonic. At larger doses they can be abortifacient. An infusion is used to relieve constipation, as a treatment for kidney stones, and to accelerate childbirth. An infusion of the leaves and flowers is used as a diuretic. The leaves, flowers and seeds are used in the treatment of stomach, urinary bladder and kidney problems.
502 Capparis sepiaria L. CAPPARACEAE Shrubs The fruit is considered to be aphrodisiac. The bark and the roots are used as a wound dressing. The plant is said to be alterative, febrifuge and tonic.
503 Capparis spinosa CAPPARACEAE Shrubs Reduce flatulence and to be antirheumatic. In Ayurvedic medicine they are said to be hepatic stimulants and protectors, improving liver function - and these uses have been confirmed by modern research. Capers have reported uses for arteriosclerosis, as diuretics, kidney disinfectants, vermifuges and tonics. Infusions and decoctions from caper root bark have been traditionally used for dropsy, anaemia, arthritis and gout. The root-bark is analgesic, anthelmintic, antihaemorrhoidal, aperient, deobstruent, depurative, diuretic, emmenagogue, expectorant, tonic and vasoconstrictor. It is used internally in the treatment of gastrointestinal infections, Diarrhea, gout and rheumatism.
504 Carissa carandas APOCYNACEAE Shrubs The fruits are astringent, antiscorbutic and also used as a remedy for biliousness. A leaf decoction is used against fever, Diarrhea, and earache. The roots serve as a stomachic, vermifuge and remedy for itches.
505 Commiphora wightii (Arn.) Bhandari BURSERACEAE Shrubs The resin is alterative, anti-septic, antispasmodic, aphrodisiac, astringent, carminative, demulcent, emmenagogue, expectorant and stomachic. It is used in the treatment of muscular rheumatism. The gum resin has been used extensively by Ayurvedic physicians for centuries to treat a wide variety of disorders. It is a natural health product, used primarily to reduce elevated blood cholesterol levels.
506 Dichrostachys cinerea (L.)Wight & Arn. MIMOSOIDEAE Shrubs The bark is astringent and vermifuge. It is used in the treatment of dysentery, headaches, toothaches and elephantiasis. The root is anthelmintic, purgative and strongly diuretic. Infusions are taken for the treatment of snake bites, leprosy, syphilis and coughs. A decoction of the root has been used as a contraceptive for women. The pounded roots and leaves are used to treat epilepsy. The roots or the leaves can be chewed and placed on the sites of snake bites and scorpion stings. The leaves are diuretic and laxative. Applied externally, they are believed to produce a local anaesthesia. They are used in treating gonorrhea, boils, sore eyes and toothaches. A powder from the leaves is used in the massage of fractures. A chloroform extract of the leaves has been shown to possess anti-bacterial and analgesic activites. A saponin extract of the leaves has been demonstrated to possess anti-inflammatory activity An aqueous extract of the leaves has been shown to possess analgesic and anti-inflammatory activities.
507 Gardenia gummifera L.f. RUBIACEAE Shrubs The gum-resin obtained from the leaf buds is used in the treatment of cutaneous diseases.
508 Ocimum gratissimum L. LAMIACEAE Shrubs An aromatic, stimulant, antispasmodic, anti-septic herb that repels insects, expels internal parasites and lowers fevers. The leaves and stems are used internally in the treatment of colds, especially chest colds; fevers, headaches, impotence, flatulence, Diarrhea, dysentery, post-partum problems, and worms in children. Applied externally, the leaves are used to treat rheumatism and lumbago. An essential oil obtained from the leaf has shown marked anti-bacterial activity.
509 Pavetta indica L. RUBIACEAE Shrubs A decoction of the leaves is drunk during the first days after childbirth as a protective medicine. It is also taken when the birth is delayed and as a treatment for fever. The leaves are used for poulticing boils. A cooled decoction of the leaves is applied as a wash to ulcers of the nose and topically to treat haemorrhoidal pains. The root is considered aperient, diuretic, purgative and tonic. It is prescribed in the treatment of intestinal obstructions, constipation, jaundice, headache, urinary diseases and dropsy. The crushed root bark, combined with rice water and ginger, is taken as a diuretic and for the treatment of dropsy. The root, root bark or stem bark can alsl be used as a treatment for intestinal obstructions. The roots are used for poulticing stubborn itch. A poultice of the stem bark is applied topically for soothing haemorrhoids. An infusion of the thinly cut wood is taken as a treatment for rheumatism. A study of the methanol extract of the plant has shown anti-inflammatory activity comparable to the standard non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug indomethacin. This extract has also shown anti-pyretic activity. Flavonoids in the plant have demonstrated effective diuretic activity.
510 Phyllanthus reticulatus Poir. PHYLLANTHACEAE Shrubs Petroleumether and ethanol extracts of the leaves have shown hypoglycaemic effects. An ethanolic extract of the stem bark showed in-vitro anti-viral properties against polio and measles viruses, and antitumor activity. Extracts of the leaves have shown promising antiplasmodial activity against chloroquine-resistant and -sensitive malaria parasites. Sap from the stem is blown into the eyes to cure soreness. A soup made of the leaves, boiled with palm fruits, is given to women after childbirth. The powdered leaves are combined with cubebs and camphor then made into tablets that can be sucked in order to treat bleeding gums. The powdered leaf is used externally for topical application to sores, including venereal sores, burns, suppurations and skin-chafes. The mashed leaves are rubbed over the body of a malaria patient. The leaves and bark are reputed to be diuretic and cooling. The root is purgative and has a variety of uses. A decoction is used in the treatment of hookworm, whilst water in which the root has been boiled is taken as a male aphrodisiac, to increase fertility, to treat headache, for dysmenorrhoea, for hard abscesses. A decoction of the root, combined with the leaf-sap, is used as an antispastic. The plant is considered a remedy for anaemia and intestinal haemorrhage.
511 Rauvolfia tetraphylla L. APOCYNACEAE Shrubs The latex in the plant is said to be cathartic, diuretic, emetic and expectorant. It is used for treating dropsy and various other diseases. It is applied to granulated eyelids. The plant is commonly used in the treatment of malaria in Guatemala, where it is also one of the reputed remedies for snake bites.
512 Sida cordifolia L. MALVACEAE Shrubs The plant is antipruritic, aphrodisiac, astringent, diuretic, emollient, febrifuge and tonic. It is considered to be useful in the treatment of respiratory system related troubles. The whole plant is boiled, and the water used as an herbal bath, or for washing the skin to relieve itching and the irritation of chickenpox and measles spots. The juiced plant is used as a treatment for rheumatism and spermatorrhea. The leaves are analgesic, demulcent, diuretic, emollient, febrifuge, nervine, stimulant and tonic. A decoction is drunk as a treatment for fevers. The leaves are pounded in water and the juice used in the treatment of spermatorrhea and gonorrhea. They are cooked and eaten as a treatment for bleeding piles. The fresh leaves are bruised and then applied as a poultice on boils in order to promote suppuration. They are used in the treatment of conjuctivitis. The stems are considered demulcent, emollient, febrifuge and diuretic. The bark is considered to be cooling. It is useful in the treatment of problems related to the blood, throat and urinary system; and is also used to treat conditions such as piles, phthisis, insanity etc. The root bark powder, combined with milk and sugar, is used in the treatment of frequent micturition and leukorrhea. The roots are considered to be astringent, cooling, stomachic and tonic. An infusion is used in the treatment of nervous and urinary diseases; and also for disorders of the blood and bile, asthma and as a heart tonic. Combined with ginger (Zingiber officinale), the root is used in the treatment of intermittent fevers with shivering fits. The juice of the roots is applied topically as a healing application for wounds.he seeds are considered aphrodisiac. They are used in the treatment of gonorrhea, cystitis, colds and tenesmus.
513 Tamarix dioca Roxb. Ex. Roth TAMARICACEAE Shrubs colds; conjunctivitis;
514 Vitex trifolia L. LAMIACEAE Shrubs The roots are diaphoretic and diuretic. A decoction is used in the treatment of fevers and liver diseases. It is also taken after childbirth. The leaves are anodyne, anti-septic, diuretic, emmenagogue and febrifuge. They are ground with garlic, pepper, turmeric, and boiled rice and then made into pills which are used in the treatment of consumption. he fresh juice is drunk as a remedy for headache. Fomentations and baths of the leaves are used in the treatment of beriberi. The leaves are used as a dry fomentation or poultice for treating sprains, contusions, rheumatism and swollen testicles. The fruit is said to be nervine, cephalic, and emmenagogue. It is prescribed in the form of powder, an electuary, and a decoction. A decoction of the dried fruits is given in the treatment of common cold, headache, watery eyes and mastitis. The inner bark is chewed and swallowed as a remedy for dysentery.
515 Ziziphus nummularia (Burm. f.) Wight & Walk.-Arn. RHAMNACEAE Shrubs in treatment of allergy, scabies and eczema.
516 Ziziphus oenopolia (L.) Mill. RHAMNACEAE Shrubs The juice of the roots is applied to fresh cuts and wounds. A decoction of the root bark is used to heal fresh wounds. The bark contains tannins and is astringent. A paste of the inner bark is applied as a poultice to obstinate wounds. A decoction of the fruit is used as a treatment for indigestion. The fruit is an ingredient of a stomachache pill. The roots are astringent bitter, anthelmintic, digestive and anti-septic. They are useful in hyperacidity, ascaris infection, stomachalgia and healing of wounds.
517 Abutilon hirtum MALVACEAE Shrubs The plant (part not specified) is used to ease childbirth and to expel the placenta. The plant is used as a poultice to ease the pain of kidney gravel and is often mixed with glutinous rice and applied to ulcers. The roots are anti-pyretic and also used in the treatment of coughs and toothache. The leaves or flowers are applied to abscesses.
518 Acacia jacquemontii Benth MIMOSOIDEAE Shrubs They are used in the treatment of Diarrhea and dysentery, and can also be helpful in cases of internal bleeding. Applied externally, often as a wash, they are used to treat wounds and other skin problems, haemorrhoids, perspiring feet, some eye problems, as a mouth wash. This is sometimes taken internally in the treatment of Diarrhea and haemorrhoids. Powdered bark is used against snake bite and scorpion sting, and for inducing spontaneous abortion. Gum is used for the treatment of kidney and renal disorders. Boiled gum is used for curing asthma,mouth sores, and toothache.
519 Opuntia elatior CACTACEAE Shrubs The fruits are used in several indigenous systems of medicine for the treatment of various ailments, including anaemia, asthma, inflammatory disorders and diabetes. The speedy and progressive recovery of anaemia in the treatment of prickly pear may be due to increased erythropoiesis and/or antioxidant property of betacyanin.
520 Olax scandens Olacaceae Shrubs In Ayurvedic medicine, the bark is used in anaemia and as a supporting drug in diabetes; also in the treatment of fever.
521 Withania somnifera (L.) Dunal Solanaceae Shrubs asthma, bronchitis, inflammatory diseases, ulcer and stomach problems; sedative, polyarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, lumbago, painful swellings, spermatorrhoea, leucoderma, general debility, sexual debility, amnesia, ulcers, leucorrhoea; general tonic;
522 Annona squamosa Linn Annonaceae Tree The plant is traditionally used for the treatment of epilepsy, dysentery, cardiac problem, worm infection, constipation,hemorrhage, anti-bacterial infection, dysuria, fever, and ulcer. It also has antifertility, antitumor and abortifacient properties. Breast Cancer, Seed : Malignant Sores(cancer); The green fruits, seeds and leaves have effective vermicidal properties. The young shoots, combined with peppermint, are used in the West Indies to relieve colds and chills.
523 Miliusa tomentosa (Roxb.) J. Sinclair Annonaceae Tree Miliusa tomentosa (Roxb) Sinclair (Humb; Anonaceae) Unriped fruits are dried and crushed. They are burnt and the smoke is allowed to pass over the body of lad after delivery to reduce body swelling. Fruits are given to children to cure the weakness in summer.
524 Cochlospermum religiosum (L.) Alston Bixaceae Tree ANTI-CARCINOGENIC; Ladies urinal problems; The gum extracted from bark is used in the treatment of - Cough, Sedative and Cooling effect. It is used in the treatment of coughs and gonorrhea. The dried leaves and flowers are stimulant.
525 Casearia elliptica Willd. Salicaceae Tree Seeds: Cure early stage of peptic ulcer, to cure sore throat and mouth infections, anti-oxidant, anti-microbial
526 Casearia graveolens Dalzell Salicaceae Tree used for Diarrhea, burns, wounds, rashes chest colds and fever.
527 Flacourtia indica (Burm. f.) Merr. Flacourtiaceae Tree An important herb in Ayurveda, where infusions of the bark, leaves and root are used medicinally to treat conditions such as fever, Diarrhea and inflammations. The leaf is carminative, astringent and used as a tonic, an expectorant and for asthma, pain relief, gynaecological complaints and as an anthelmintic, and treatment for hydrocele, pneumonia and intestinal worms. The leaves are used as an anti-dote to snake bites. The root and ash have been used as a remedy for kidney complaints. The roots are sweet, refrigerant, depurative, alexipharmic and diuretic. They are useful in vitiated conditions of pitta and vata aphthae, poisonous bites, skin diseases, pruritus, erysipelas, strangury, nephropathy and psychopathy. The leaves are useful in pruritus and scabies. The fruits are sweet, appetizer, digestiveand diuretic, and are useful in strangury jaundice, gastropathy and splenomegaly.
528 Kydia calycina Roxb. Malvaceae Tree Plant—mucilaginous, anti-inflammatory, febrifuge. Leaf and root—antirheumatic. The leaves stimulate saliva. A paste of leaves is applied in body pains, used in poultices for skin diseases. anti-oxidant and Anti-bacterial Body swellings, body pain, boils, diabetis, febrifuge, increases saliva, inflamation, rheumatism, Analgesic; leaf and stem bark paste applied for ulcers and skin diseases;
529 Thespesia populnea (L.) Sol. ex Corrêa Malvaceae Tree Anti-cancer, Anti-bacterial, anti-oxidant, Wound healing activity, Antioxidant activity, anti-implantat ion activity, Alzheimer’s disease, Antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory, anti-inflammatory, analgesic and anti-pyretic properties, Antioxidant , anti-diabetic activity, Anti-Psoriatic, Synergistic activity, Antibacterial Activity, anti-ulcer activity, Immunomodulatory Activity, alpha-Amylase Inhibitory,
530 Bombax ceiba L. Malvaceae Tree anti-pyretic–bark extract, Antitumor, Anticancer, Abortifacient, Aphrodisiac, birth control, sexual diseases and tonic, anti-inflammatory, Impotency, asthma and small-pox boils, Muscular Injury, Wounds, Anti-Diarrheal, Leprosy, Pimples and skin disease, Anthelmintics and anti-diabetic
531 Eriolaena hookeriana Wight & Arn. Malvaceae Tree Antimicrobial, Anticancer, Wound healing
532 Sterculia urens Roxb. Sterculiaceae Tree Gum-tonic, Trees exude gum karaya used in foodstuffs as emulsifiers, stabilizers and thickeners. The gum is used as a bulk laxative. It is not absorbed by the body, but swells up inside the gut to provide a bulk of material that gently stimulates peristalsis. The gum is also used to treat throat infections.
533 Grewia tiliifolia Vahl. Malvaceae Tree Antioxidant, Antiproliferative, Anticancer, pitta and kapha, burning sensation, hyperdipsia, rhinopathy, ulcers, skin diseases, haematemesis and general debility (Warrier et al., 1995) jaundice, throat pain, wound healing, urinary infection, dysentery The bark is astringent, sweet, acrid, refrigerant, oleaginous, expectorant, antipruritic, vulnerary, constipating, emetic, styptic, aphrodisiac and tonic. The barks and roots of G. tiliaefolia are used to treat skin diseases, hypertension, ulcers,Diarrhea, in?ammatory bowel diseases,pruritis, jaundice, burning sensation, thirst,throat complaints, biliousness, dysentery,infectious diseases, and diseases of the nose and of the blood
534 Aegle marmelos L. Rutaceae Tree Mulvyadh, Kawil, Pitta The different parts of Bael are used for various therapeutic purposes, such as for treatment of Asthma, Anaemia, Fractures, Healing of Wounds, Swollen Joints, High Blood Pressure, Jaundice, Diarrhea Healthy Mind and Brain Typhoid Troubles during Pregnancy. Ant diabetic Activity, Hepatoprotective activity, Antimicrobial Activity, Analgesic anti-inflammatory, & anti-pyretic Activity, anti-fungal Activity, Anti-cancer Activity (Wal et al., 2015), Radioprotective Activity, Antispermatogenic Activity, anti-ulcer Activity, Anti thyroid Activity, Toxicity Studies and antiDiarrheal. The dried pulp is astringent. It reduces irritation in the digestive tract and is an excellent remedy in cases of Diarrhea and dysentery. A decoction of the astringent unripe fruit, combined with fennel and ginger, is prescribed in cases of haemorrhoids.
535 Ailanthus excelsa Roxb. Simaroubaceae Tree Grahi – absorbent, useful in Diarrhea, IBS Deepana – improves digestion strength Indicated in – Krumi – worm infestation Kushta – skin diseases Atisara – Diarrhea, dysentery; Ayurvedic medicines with Aralu as ingredient: Dadimavaleha – an effective Ayurvedic medicine for Diarrhea. Brihat Gangadhara Churna – Herbal powder, used for Diarrhea, low digestion strength etc. Bark used in India as a powerful fever-cure and tonic. Leaves and bark in good repute as a tonic after labor, and the juice of the leaves and fresh bark employed by the Konkans as a remedy for after-pains.
536 Boswellia serrata Roxb. Burseraceae Tree Hair tonic, skin disease Ayurvedic medicines with Salai Guggul ingredient: Jirakadi Modak – used for treatment of diseases of digestive tract such as dyspepsia. Arthronav Liniment, Inflanil oil – used for external application to relieve pain and inflammation, Osteoarthritis, Ulcerative colitis, Asthma, Brain tumors, Cluster headache, Inflammatory bowel disease, Rheumatoid arthritis. Anti-cancer (Garg and Deep, 2015); The bark, and the gum obtained from it, are alterative, aperient, aromatic, demulcent, diuretic, emmenagogue and refrigerant. The gum resin is used in the treatment of chronic lung diseases, Diarrhea, dysentery, pulmonary diseases, menorrhoea, dysmenorrhoea, gonorrhea, syphilitic affection, piles and liver disorders.
537 Garuga pinnata Roxb. Burseraceae Tree Leaf juice is astringent; given with honey in asthma; also given along with the leaf juice of Adhatoda zeylanica and Vitex trifolia. Fruits are stomachic and expectorant; given in Diarrhea in Rema-Kalenga. Stem juice dropped into the eyes to cure opacities of the conjunctiva. Decoction of the root is given for the treatment of pulmonary affections (Yusuf et al. 2009)Leaf juice is astringent; given with honey in asthma; also given along with the leaf juice of Adhatoda zeylanica and Vitex trifolia. Fruits are stomachic and expectorant; given in Diarrhea in Rema-Kalenga. Stem juice dropped into the eyes to cure opacities of the conjunctiva. Decoction of the root is given for the treatment of pulmonary affections (Yusuf et al. 2009)
538 Chloroxylon swietenia (Roxb.) DC. Rutaceae Tree The crushed leaves are applied externally to treat wounds, snake bites and rheumatism. A paste of the leaves and roots is taken internally to treat headache and is applied to the forehead as a balm for the same purpose. The root bark in milk is drunk to treat impotence. A bark extract is considered astringent and taken to treat fever, chest pain and in a mixture with other plants to treat asthma. In friction it is used to treat bruises and painful joints.
539 Soymida febrifuga (Roxb.) Juss. Meliaceae Tree Gyanic problems; Particularly prescribed in malaria, cures hoarseness, applied to rheumatic swelling and used as a gargle in stomatitis, decoction used as vaginal douche in Leucorrhoea.
540 Cassine glauca Rottb. Kuntze. Celastraceae Tree anti-septic, Gyanic problems; The dried and powdered leaves are used as sternutatoires. They are also burnt and the smoke used as a fumigant in the treatment of certain nerve diseases, particularly to rouse women from hysteria. The powdered leaves are used as a snuff to relieve headaches. The bark is astringent and is also considered poisonous. The fresh root bark is rubbed into a paste with water and applied as a poultice on swellings. The root is said to be specific against snake bite. A cold water extract of the crushed roots is used as an emetic.
541 Ziziphus mauritiana Lam. Rahamnaceae Tree Fruit aids weight gain, improves muscular strength and increases stamina. They are anodyne, anti-cancer, anti-dote, expectorant, pectoral, refrigerant, sedative, stomachic, styptic and tonic. They are considered to purify the blood and aid digestion, and are used internally in the treatment of a range of conditions including chronic fatigue, loss of appetite, Diarrhea, pharyngitis, bronchitis, anaemia, irritability and hysteria. A mucilage made from the fruit is used to make bronchial pastilles. It is hypnotic, narcotic, sedative, stomachic and tonic, and is used internally in the treatment of palpitations, insomnia, nervous exhaustion, night sweats and excessive perspiration. The root is used in the treatment of dyspepsia. A decoction of the root has been used in the treatment of fevers. The root is made into a powder and applied to old wounds and ulcers. The leaves are astringent and febrifuge. They are said to promote the growth of hair. They are used to form a plaster in the treatment of strangury. The plant is a folk remedy for anaemia, hypertonia, nephritis and nervous diseases.
542 Ziziphus xylopyrus (Retz.) Willd. Rahamnaceae Tree Bark and leaf powder or paste applied externally for chest pain due to cough. Stomachache, indigestion: Fruit powder(3 – 4 g)administered with pinch ginger powder thrice in a day. Used in pyorrhoea and to check oogenesis. Root bark and fruit of this plant, traditionally used to treat Bronchial Asthma, Thirst, Diarrhea and as Aphrodisiac. Fruit and bark is used as Antimicrobial. Bark is used as an anti-inflammatory, Antinoceceptive and as Anticonvulsants.
543 Ziziphus rugosa Lam. Rahamnaceae Tree A paste made from the bark is applied as a poultice on swollen gums and to toothaches. The flowers, combined with an equal quantity of the petioles of betel leaves and half as much lime is used to make a pill that is used in the treatment of menorrhagia.
544 Schleichera oleosa (Lour.) Oken Sapindaceae Tree The powdered seeds are applied to wounds and ulcers of cattle to remove maggots. The bark is used as an astringent and against skin inflammations, ulcers, itching, acne and other skin infections. It is generally used as an analgesic, antibiotic and against dysentery. Recently, it was reported that the bark along with water is used to treat menorrhea. antitumor; Anticancer;
545 Buchanania cochinchinensis (Lour.) Almeida Anacardiaceae Tree The roots are acrid, astringent, cooling, depurative and constipating, and are useful in treatment of Diarrhea. Leaves are used in the treatment of skin diseases. Fruits are used in treating cough and asthma. The gum from the tree is used against leprosy in traditional medicine. The roots are acrid, astringent, cooling, depurative and constipating. They are useful in the treatment of Diarrhea. The leaves are used in the treatment of skin diseases. The fruits are used in treating coughs and asthma. Treating leprosy
546 Lannea coromandelica (Houtt.) Merr. Anacardiaceae Tree bark used for skin diseases; . Its fruits are crushed and mixed with water and is used as fish poison.
547 Mangifera indica L. Anacardiaceae Tree The leaves are astringent and odontalgic. An infusion is drunk to reduce blood pressure and as a treatment for conditions such as angina, asthma, coughs and diabetes. Externally, the leaves are used in a convalescent bath. A mouthwash made from the leaves is effective in hardening the gums and helping to treat dental problems. The leaves are used to treat skin irritations. The charred and pulverized leaves are used to make a plaster for removing warts and also act as a styptic. The seed is astringent, antiDiarrheal; anthelmintic when roasted. It is used to treat stubborn colds and coughs, obstinate Diarrhea and bleeding piles. The pulverised seed is made into a sweetened tea and drunk, or taken as powders, for treating dysentery. The seeds are ground up and used to treat scorpion stings. The bark is astringent, homeostatic and antirheumatic. Used in the treatment of haemorrhage, Diarrhea and throat problems. When incised, the bark yields an oleoresin which is stimulant, sudorific and antisyphilitic. The stem is astringent. It is used to treat Diarrhea and to remedy stomach-ache. The roots are diuretic. The flowers are aphrodisiac. The fruit is antiscorbutic and antidysenteric.Various parts of plant are used as a dentrifrice, anti-septic, astringent, diaphoretic, stomachic, vermifuge, tonic, laxative and diuretic and to treat Diarrhea, dysentery, anaemia, asthma, bronchitis, cough, hypertension, insomnia, rheumatism, toothache, Leucorrhoea, haemorrhage and piles. All parts are used to treat abscesses, broken horn, rabid dog or jackal bite, tumour, snake bite, stings, datura poisoning, heat stroke, miscarriage, anthrax, blisters, wounds in the mouth, tympanitis, colic, Diarrhea, glossitis, indigestion, bacillosis, bloody dysentery, liver disorders, excessive urination, tetanus and asthma.
548 Semecarpus anacardium L. Anacardiaceae Tree Ripe fruits are aphrodisiac, digestive and stimulant. A paste or juice of the fruit is used in the treatment of bronchitis, dysentery, fever, asthma and haemorrhoids. The pure black acrid juice obtained from the fruits is used externally to remove rheumatic pains, aches and sprains. A little of the oil is rubbed over the parts affected - it is an efficacious remedy except in such constitutions as are subject to inflammations and swellings. Mixed with garlic and other substances, the juice is used in the treatment of almost every sort of venereal complaint. The bark is mildly astringent. A paste of the seed, mixed with honey, is used in the treatment of gastric troubles. The juice of the seeds is applied externally in the treatment of ringworm and severely chapped feet. The juice of the seeds has been tested as a possible anti-cancer. An oil obtained from the seeds is used to treat skin eruptions. The juice of the root is considered to be effective in causing sterility in women. The latex is applied externally in the treatment of headaches, skin diseases and scabies. The fruit and nut extract shows various activities like antiatherogenic, anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant, anti-microbial, anti-reproductive, CNS stimulant, hypoglycemic, anticarcinogenic and hair growth promoter.
549 Spondias pinnata (L. f.) Kurz Anacardiaceae Tree The fruit is used as an astringent and antiscorbutic. It is used in the treatment of bilious dyspepsia. The juice of the fruit is applied against earache. The bark is recommended in the treatment of stomach aches and dysentery. A paste of the bark is applied topically in the treatment of rheumatism and swollen joints. The root is considered to be useful in regulating menstruation. This plant has been known to possess anti-microbial, anti-diabetic, ulcer-protective, anti-cancerous, anti-Diarrheal, anthelmintic, cytotoxic and Hepatoprotective activity.
550 Butea monosperma Roxb. Fabaceae Tree Diebities, Urinal Problems, Dye for Skin diseases. The root paste is applied on neck, below the ear in thyroid problem. Flower soaked in cold water for night, mixed with little quantity of sugar and is given in kidney stone and bleeding during urination. Flowers used in almost all diseases of women also make the uterus strong. Anti-cancer; Prophylactic; anti-oxidant; anti-inflammatory; anticonvulsant activities; anti-diabetic; Hepatoprotective effects;
551 Dalbergia latifolia Roxb. Fabaceae Tree The bark is used in traditional medicine in India, to treat Diarrhea, indigestion and leprosy, and as a vermifuge.
552 Dalbergia lanceolaria L.f. Fabaceae Tree The bark is used ad astringent, analgesic and anti-Diarrheal. Seeds possesses good anti-inflammatory properties. Seed oil is used in rheumatism. The bark is used in dyspepsia.
553 Erythrina suberosa Roxb. Fabaceae Tree Seed poisonous if ingested. Leaves paste cathartic, diuretic, anti-septic, anti-inflammatory, applied on swellings and boils. Veterinary medicine, stem bark ash mixed with coconut oil and applied on blisters and wounds in cattle to remove maggots; ash of dried bark mixed with coconut oil applied on wound of neck of cattle as anti-septic; bark decoction applied on swelling or injuries to hump of cattle. Stem bark as fish poison.
554 Ougeinia oojeinensis (Roxb.)Hochr. Fabaceae Tree Juice of the root, mixed with the powder of two fruits of black pepper, is taken in cases of eye trouble. The bark is used against fevers. A paste of bark is applied to cuts and wounds. A sap exudate is used to make a medicine against dysentery. The gum is astringent. The bark used as astringent, acrid, cooling, stimulant, anti-inflammatory, constipating, urinary astringent, anthelmintic, sudorific, depurative, styptic, febrifuge and rejuvenating. The extract of the whole plant showed anti – inflammatory, hypotensive action, anti-oxidant activity, Hepatoprotective, anthelmintic, hypoglycemic and wound healing activities.
555 Pongamia pinnata (L.)Pierre Fabaceae Tree The seed oil is given as a stomachic and cholagogue in the treatment of dyspepsia and cases of sluggish liver. It is used externally as a liniment for rubbing on skin diseases and rheumatic joints. It has been shown to be effective in enhancing the pigmentation of skin affected by leucoderma or scabies. The powdered seed is given as an expectorant in the treatment of bronchitis and whooping cough, and is also prescribed as a febrifuge and tonic. A paste made from the powdered seed is spread on sores and rheumatic joints. An infusion of the leaves is used to relieve rheumatism. A decoction is used as a cough remedy. The leaves are crushed and applied as a poultice for the treatment of parasitic skin diseases and to relieve bleeding haemorrhoids. The expressed juice is used on herpes and itches. The flowers are claimed to have anti-diabetic action. The fresh stem bark is astringent and is taken internally to relieve bleeding haemorrhoids. It is also applied to reduce the enlargement of the spleen. The root bark contains a bitter alkaloid and is used as an abortifacient. The anti-septic root juice is put on sores and ulcers and used to clean teeth. Plant is used for anti-infl ammatory, anti-plasmodial, anti-nonciceptive, anti-hyperglycaemics, anti-lipidoxidative, anti-Diarrheal, anti-ulcer, anti-hyperammonic and anti-oxidant.
556 Pterocarpus marsupium Roxb. Fabaceae Tree Blood sugar reduces; The resin obtained from wounds in the bark is astringent. It is used in the treatment of chronic Diarrhea and the irritation caused by gastric infection and colitis. Although it has an unpleasant flavour, it makes a good mouthwash and gargle. It is commonly used in cases of toothache and also as a douche to treat vaginal discharge. The bark is used, either as a powder or in decoction, in the treatment of Diarrhea. A decoction of the bark is very useful for diabetic patients. The bruised leaves are used as a poultice on boils, sores and skin diseases.
557 Bauhinia malabarica Roxb. Fabaceae Tree Being commonly prescribed to treat cough, gout, glandular swellings and goiter, haemorrhage, leprosy, menorrhagia, scrofula, urinary disorders, wasting diseases, worm infestations and wounds and for liver disorders.
558 Bauhinia purpurea L. Fabaceae Tree Leaf vegetable; The root is carminative. The flowers are laxative. The bark, roots and flowers, when mixed with rice-water, are used in poultice form as a maturant.
559 Bauhinia racemosa Lam. Fabaceae Tree digestive; leaves used in the treatment of asthma;
560 Bauhinia variegata L. Caesalpiniaceae / Fabaceae / Leguminosae Tree Mulvyadh, Anti-cancer(Tu et al., 2016).Paste of roots with rice is applied over wound. Decoction of buds is given twice a day in having blood in cough. It is used to stop the excess bleeding during menses.Dried flower powder with honey given in acidity. The bark is alterative, anthelmintic, astringent and tonic. The juice of the bark is used in the treatment of amoebic dysentery, Diarrhea and other stomach disorders. A paste of the bark is useful in the treatment of cuts and wounds, skin diseases, scrofula and ulcers. The dried buds are used in the treatment of piles, dysentery, Diarrhea and worms. The juice of the flowers is used to treat Diarrhea, dysentery and other stomach disorders. The root is used as an anti-dote to snake poison. A decoction of the root is used to treat dyspepsia.
561 Cassia fistula L. Caesalpiniaceae / Fabaceae / Leguminosae Tree Digestive, Paste of leaves and bark is applied in nose infection. Roots boiled with milk are used in acidity. Paste of leaves is used to treat skin diseases. Roots are used to cure fever. The pods are used as a remedy for malaria, blood poisoning, anthrax, diabetes and dysentery. The pods contain a sweet, sticky pulp. A decoction of this is taken as a cure for kidney stones, as a vermifuge and as a laxative.
562 Tamarindus indica L. Fabaceae Tree The bark is astringent and tonic and its ash may be given internally as a digestive. Incorporated into lotions or poultices, the bark may be used to relives sores, ulcers, boils and rashes. It may also be administered as a decoction against asthma and amenorrhea and as a febrifuge. Leaf extracts exhibit anti-oxidant activity in the liver, and are a common ingredient in cardiac and blood sugar reducing medicines. Young leaves may be used in fomentation for rheumatism, applied to sores and wounds, or administered as a poultice for inflammation of joints to reduce swelling and relieve pain. A sweetened decoction of the leaves is good against throat infection, cough, fever, and even intestinal worms. The filtered hot juice of young leaves, and a poultice of the flowers, is used for conjunctivitis. The leaves are warmed and tied to affected areas in order to relieve swellings and pains, particularly sprains. They are also used for bathing sores or to bathe persons suffering from measles or allergies. The leaves and flowers are used to make a sweetened tea that is drunk by children as a remedy for measles. They were also used in a preparation which was drunk in early Guyana as a malaria remedy. A decoction of the flower buds is used as a remedy for children's bedwetting and urinary complaints. The fruit is aperient and laxative. A syrup made from the ripe fruit is drunk in order to keep the digestive organs in good condition, and also as a remedy for coughs and chest colds. The flesh of the fruit is eaten to cure fevers and control gastric acid. The fruit pulp may be used as a massage to treat rheumatism, as an acid refrigerant, a mild laxative and also to treat scurvy. Powdered seeds may be given to cure dysentery and Diarrhea. The plant contains pyrazines and thiazoles. The seed contains polyoses. The bark yields proanthocyanidin and hordenine. It is used traditionally in abdominal pain, Diarrhea and dysentery, helminthes infections, wound healing, malaria and fever, constipation, inflammation, cell cytotoxicity, gonorrhea, and eye diseases.
563 Acacia catechu (L.f.) Willd. Fabaceae Tree mother and child healthcare; skin diseases; used in melancholia, conjunctivits, haemaptysis, catarrah, cough, pruritus, leprosy, leucoderma, skin diseases, helminthiasis, norexia, Diarrhea, dysentery, foul ulcers and wounds, aemoptysis, haematemesis, haemorrages, fever, anaemia, diabetes and pharyngodynia.
564 Albizia lebbeck (L.) Benth. Fabaceae Tree anti-septic, Antibacterial, Anti-allergic, Antidermatosis, Antidysenteric, Bronchitis, Piles, Hemicranias, Cough, Tropical pulmonary eosinophilia, Asthma etc. Anticancer; The leaves and seeds are used in the treatment of eye problems such as ophthalmia. The bark is astringent. It is taken internally to treat Diarrhea, dysentery and piles. The bark is used externally to treat boils. The flowers are applied locally to maturate boils and alleviate skin eruptions. The powdered seeds are used to treat scrofula. Saponin from the pods and roots has spermicidal activity.
565 Albizia odoratissima (L. f.) Benth. Fabaceae Tree The bark is applied externally in leprosy and in inverate ulcers. The leaves boiled in ghi are used by Santals as a remedy for coughs. Asthma;
566 Albizia procera (Roxb.) Benth. Fabaceae Tree A decoction of the bark is given for the treatment of rheumatism and haemorrhage. It is also considered useful in treating problems of pregnancy and for stomach-ache.The leaves are poulticed onto ulcers. All parts of the plant are reported to show anti-cancer activity.
567 Anogeissus latifolia (Roxb. ex DC.) Wall. ex Beddome Combretaceae Tree Gum as tonic; The plant is used in treating snake bites and scorpion stings.
568 Terminalia alata Heyne ex Roth Combretaceae Tree The bark is used medicinally against Diarrhea. Bark juice applied to treat wounds, cuts, skin diseases, Diarrhea; bark for anemia. Gum edible for stomach disorders. Leaves paste given in vomiting; boiling leaves vapor inhaled to relieve headache;
569 Terminalia arjuna (Roxb.) Wight & Arn. Combretaceae Tree Heart tonic; Fruit powder with sugar is given to increase eye sight. Fruits cover is chewed to get relief from cough. Powder of fruit equally mixed with Ashwagandha churn given with warm water in heart trouble. Leaf powder along with powder of Datura leaf used in smoking to get relief from Asthma. Fruit is useful in urinary diseases and keeping mind cool. Excess consumption of seeds is sedative. The bark is a cardiac tonic, lowers blood pressure and reduces blood cholesterol levels. Arjuna is a herb where modern research has fully supported its traditional use for treating heart disease. The bark is taken internally to treat a range of heart conditions and seems to work best when blood supply to the heart is poor, as in angina and ischaemic heart disease. It is also of value in helping to maintain a steady heart beat.
570 Terminalia bellirica (Gaertn.) Roxb. Combretaceae Tree It is anthelmintic, astringent (especially when ripe), digestive, tonic and laxative (especially when unripe). The fruit is used internally principally in the treatment of digestive and respiratory problems. the ripe fruit is used in cases of Diarrhea and indigestion, whilst the unripe fruit is used as a laxative in cases of chronic constipation. The fruit is often used to treat upper respiratory tract infections that cause symptoms of sore throats, hoarseness and coughs. Externally, the fruit is used to make a lotion for sore eyes. The sour fruits are one of the ingredients of 'triphala', an Ayurvedic rejuvenative, laxative tonic based on this species plus the fruits of Phyllanthus emblica and Terminalia chebula.
571 Terminalia chebula Retz. Combretaceae Tree The treatment of asthma, sore throat, vomiting, hiccough, Diarrhea, dysentery, bleeding piles, ulcers, gout, heart and bladder diseases. The plant has been demonstrated to possess multiple pharmacological and medicinal activities, such as anti-oxidant, anti-microbial, anti-diabetic, Hepatoprotective, anti-inflammatory, antimutagenic, antiproliferative, radioprotective, cardioprotective, antiarthritic, anticaries, gastrointestinal motility and wound healing activity.
572 Syzygium cumini (L.) Skeels Myrtaceae Tree Blood sugar reduces, tonic; Both the seeds and the fruit are diuretic and have important carminative and astringent properties. The seeds also reduce blood sugar levels and are useful in the treatment of diabetes. The seeds and bark are well known in the Far East for the treatment of dysentery and in the control of hyperglycaemia and glycosuria in diabetic patients. The juice of the bark is considered good for treating wounds and enlargement of the spleen. The bark is astringent. An infusion is used to treat irregular menstruation, Diarrhea, dysentery, children's thrush etc. The bark is used as a gargle to strengthen gums, treat mouth ulcers etc. The ripe fruit is astringent and is used as an effective treatment for diabetes. Fruits are used as a relief for colic and to treat Diarrhea. An infusion of the leaves is used in the treatment of diabetes and Diarrhea. The wood yields a sulphate pulp that has medicinal uses. The roots are sometimes used as a treatment for epilepsy.
573 Eugenia jambolana Lam. Myrtaceae Tree diabetes; It is also used for digestion disorders including gas (flatulence), bowel spasms, stomach problems, and severe Diarrhea (dysentery). Another use is treatment of lung problems such as bronchitis and asthma. Some people use jambolan as an aphrodisiac to increase interest in sexual activity, and as a tonic. In combination with other herbs, jambolan seed is used for constipation, diseases of the pancreas, stomach problems, nervous disorders, depression, and exhaustion.
574 Syzygium heyneanum (Duthie) Wall. ex Gamble Myrtaceae Tree Bark paste mixed with whey is given in diarrhoea and dysentery twice a day for two days. Bark juice mixed with rice water is given once a day for 21 days for the treatment of leucorrhoea.
575 Careya arborea Roxb. Lecythidaceae Tree Cough, Dental Problems, The bark of the tree and the sepals of the flowers are well-known Indian remedies, and are valued on account of their astringent and mucilaginous properties, being administered internally in coughs and colds and applied externally as an embrocation. Traditionally used in the treatment of tumours, bronchitis, skin disease, epileptic fits, astringents, anti-dote to snake-venom, abscesses, boil and ulcer. Fruits are used as decoction to promote digestion. Leaves and flowers are used in the form of paste to cure several skin diseases. It is also used as remedy for Diarrhea, dysentery with bloody stools and ear pain. Leaf paste and pulp used as poultice rapidly heals ulcers and root is used for the treatment of tuberculosis and skeletal fractures. cytotoxic activity, antitumor effect, N-nitrosodiethylamine induced hepatocarcinogenesis, CNS depressant, anticoagulant and anti-oxidant activity
576 Lagerstroemia parviflora Roxb. Lythraceae Tree old leaves and mature fruit are used in traditional medicine for reducing glucose in blood.
577 Adina cordifolia (Roxb.) Brandis Rubiaceae Tree Antiwarmicide; The bark is anti-septic and febrifuge. The juice of the plant is applied externally to kill worms in sores. An infusion of the roots is used in the treatment of Diarrhea and dysentery.
578 Gardenia latifolia Aiton Rubiaceae Tree rheumatism, cuts, wounds, Diarrhea, dysentery, remedy for indigestion in children;
579 Gardenia turgida Roxb. Rubiaceae Tree Roots: indigestion in childern. Fruits: eaten after cooking, used against eye ailments of cattles, pulp pounded and applied to forehead in fever, used as lep in abdominal colic, also used in affections of mammary glands. Plant: various plant parts used in fever, epilepsy, pimples, tubercular fistula, ringworm, haemat, cholera, smallpox, dysen., neuraligia, pleur., pneum., snake bite etc.
580 Mitragyna parvifolia (Roxb.) Korth. Rubiaceae Tree The bark and roots are used in the treatment of fevers and colic. Roots & Bark: acrid, bitter, stomachic and febrifuge. Leaves: acrid, bitter, sweet, styptic, vulnerary, stomachic, anti-inflammatory, anodyne, depurative and febrifuge.
581 Xeromphis spinosa (Thunb.) Keay Rubiaceae Tree The rind and fruit have useful emetic, diaphoretic and antispasmodic properties. The fruit is useful in cases of acute bronchitis and asthma. The fruit is applied externally in fever. The bark is a sedative and nervine carminative. It is given internally and externally in the treatment of fevers. An infusion of the bark root is used as an emetic. The bark is used internally and externally as an anodyne in the treatment of rheumatism and to relieve the pain of bruises and bone aches during fevers. It also acts as an astringent and is useful in treating Diarrhea and dysentery. Stem bark made into a paste and mixed with goat's milk and country liquour. This is prescribed in rheumatism once daily on an empty stomach. Fruits: cure abscess ulcers, inflammations tumours, skin diseases, pain in muscles, piles, chronic bronchitis, paralysis, leprosy, boils and eruption, brain diseases, asthma, leucoderma and rheumatism. Pulp of fruit bark: bone ache during fever.
582 Xeromphis uliginosa (Retz.) Maheshw Rubiaceae Tree Bark: astringent, emetic, abortifacient, analgesic, constipating and anti-septic. Fruits: bitter, acrid, thermogenic, anti-inflammatory, carminative. Root: aphrodisiac, diuretic, haematinic, tonic and cooling. anti-cancer
583 Madhuca indica J.F. Gmel. Sapotaceae Tree The flowers are regarded as cooling, tonic and demulcent. They are used in the treatment of coughs, colds and bronchitis. The bark is used medicinally in the treatment of leprosy. A decoction of the bark is given to diabetic patients. The oil from the seeds is used in the treatment of skin diseases. t is used as Anti diabetic, anti-ulcer, anti-cancer, hepato protective, anti pyretic, anti fertility, analgesic, anti oxidant, swelling, inflammation, piles, emetic, dermatological, laxative, tonic, anti burn, anti earth worm, wound healing headache and many more problems.
584 Diospyros melanoxylon Roxb. Ebenaceae Tree The seeds can be intoxicating; they have been prescribed in India as a cure for mental disorders, nervous breakdowns and palpitations of the heart. The fruits have a cooling and an astringent effect. The dried flowers are reportedly useful in urinary, skin and blood diseases. The bark is astringent. A decoction is used in the treatment of Diarrhea.
585 Schrebera swietenioides Roxb. Oleaceae Tree The roots, bark and leaves are bitter, acrid, appetising, digestive, thermogenic, stomachic, depurative, constipating urinary astringent and anthelmintic. They are useful in treating a range of conditions including indigestion, skin diseases, leprosy, anaemia, boils and burns and rectal disorders. The bark is used to treat diseases of the throat, anaemia, bleeding piles and diabetes. The fruits are reported to be useful in curing hydrocele. The roots are used in the treatment of leprosy.
586 Holarrhena antidysenterica (L.) Wall. ex A. DC. Apocynaceae Tree Antibiotic, useful in anaemia, colic pain, Diarrhea, haematuria, menorrhagia, obstetric conditions, spermatorrhoea, splenomegaly. Seeds: decoction beneficial in chronic dysentery and in bleeding piles. Powdered seeds mixed with honey given in chronic chest affection, asthma and colic pain. Leaves: used in chronic bronchitis. Bark: useful in colitis, stomachic and tonic.
587 Wrightia tinctoria Roem. Apocynaceae Tree Warmicide, Kadu indrajav; The bark is used in the treatment of dysentery. The dried and powdered bark is rubbed over the body in the treatment of dropsy. The seeds are anthelmintic, aphrodisiac, astringent and febrifuge. They are used in the treatment of fevers, Diarrhea and dysentery, intestinal worms. The leaves are used to relieve toothache when chewed with salt. The leaves and roots are pounded in water for treatment of fever. The bark and leaves are used to treat psoriasis, stomach pains, toothache, and dysentery. The milky juice is used to stop bleeding.
588 Wrightia tomentosa (Roxb.) Roem. & Schult. Apocynaceae Tree Warmicide, Mulvyadh
589 Cordia dichotoma Forster. f., Prodr. Boraginaceae Tree Cough, Skin diseases, anti-diabetic, anti-ulcer, anti-inflammatory, immune-modulator and analgesic activity. From the ancient time, leaves and stem bark are used in the treatment of dyspepsia, fever, Diarrhea, leprosy, gonorrhea and burning sensation. Leaf of plant traditionally shows the therapeutic uses and actions such as anthelmintic, astringent, diuretic, demulcent, purgative, expectorant, tonic, ulcer and cough.
590 Cordia macleodii Hook. fil. & Thoms. Boraginaceae Tree Brain tonic; wound healing, aphrodisiac and Hepatoprotective activities;
591 Dolichandrone falcata (Wall. ex DC.) Seem. Bignoniaceae Tree Delivery problems; treatment of nodules; Leaves paste is mixed with Neem leaves and applied for curb swelling. Fruit paste and bark paste is applied with water three times to get relief from scorpion bite and snake bite. Leaves juices taken orally with water acts an anti-dote to snake bite.
592 Oroxylum indicum (L.) Kurz Bignoniaceae Tree Ear problems; anti-cancer, anti-oxidant, Hepatoprotective and immunomodulaory; The bitter bark of the root is astringent, blood purifier and tonic. It is used in the treatment of stomach complaints, Diarrhea and dysentery. An alcoholic maceration of the fresh bark is externally applied on allergic dermatitis. When mixed with turmeric, the bark is used for healing sores of animals. The root is credited with antirheumatic, antidysenteric and diuretic properties. The seeds and bark are used medicinally for alleviating body pain, especially during fevers, and as an antiphlogistic medicine. It is also applied to burns and wounds. The juice of the bark is taken internally to treat Diarrhea and dysentery. A decoction of the bark is refrigerant, used in the treatment of fevers and jaundice. A decoction of the leaves is drunk as a treatment for stomach-ache. Applied externally the leaves are employed in the treatment of cholera, fever, childbirth and rheumatic swellings. The boiled leaves are used as a poultice during and after childbirth, and in dysentery as well as for an enlarged spleen. Leaf poultices may be further applied for toothache and headache. The seed is expectorant and laxative. A decoction is used in treating coughs, bronchitis and gastritis. The seeds are applied externally to ulcers.
593 Radermachera xylocarpa (Roxb.) Roxb. ex K.Schum. Bignoniaceae Tree Skin diseases-oil; antitumor; anti-inflammatory; treatment of rheumatism; It is reported that the paste of seeds and root water is administered orally and also applied on the wounds due to snake and insect bites. Placental cord in fruit against viper venom. It is made into paste and applied over snake bite and taken internally. Seeds also used as antidote for snake poison (Bhogaonkar and Devarkar 2002).
594 Stereospermum personatum (Hassk.) Chatterjee Bignoniaceae Tree Digestive, Sexual problems, diuretic, Lithotropic, expectorant, cardio tonic and aphrodisiac, anti-inflammatory, anti bacterial, febrifuge, tonic, anti emetic, anti pyretic, rheumatalgia, malarial fever, wound, asthma and cough.
595 Gmelina arborea Roxb. Verbenaceae Tree The roots have great medicinal value as a blood purifier, laxative, stomachic, tonic and as an anti-dote to poisons. The leaf sap is used as a demulcent to treat gonorrhea and cough, and is also applied to wounds and ulcers. The flowers have been used to treat leprosy and blood diseases. The root and bark of Gmelina arborea are stomachic, galactagogue laxative and anthelmintic; improve appetite, useful in hallucination, piles, abdominal pains, burning sensations, fevers, ‘tridosha’ and urinary discharge. Leaf paste is applied to relieve headache and juice is used as wash for ulcers. Flowers are sweet, cooling, bitter, acrid and astringent. They are useful in leprosy and blood diseases. In Ayurveda it has been observed that Gamhar fruit is acrid, sour, bitter, sweet, cooling, diuretic tonic, aphrodisiac, alternative astringent to the bowels, promote growth of hairs, useful in ‘vata’, thirst, anaemia, leprosy, ulcers and vaginal discharge. The plant is recommended in combination with other drugs for the treatment of snake – bite and scorpion- sting. In snake – bite a decoction of the root and bark is given internally.
596 Tectona grandis L. f. Verbenaceae Tree It is vermifuge; promotes digestion; is effective in relieving bilious headaches and toothaches; reduces inflammations or eruptions of the skin. The charred wood, soaked in poppy juice and made into a paste, has been used to relieve the swelling of the eyelids. The wood has been used as a hair tonic. An oil extracted from the roots is used to treat eczema, ringworms and inflammation. The bark has been used as an astringent and in the treatment of bronchitis. The flowers are diuretic. They are used to treat biliousness, bronchitis and urinary disorders. The seeds are diuretic. An oil extracted from the seeds promotes hair growth. The leaves have a reputation of being diuretic, depurative, purgative, stimulant, antidysenteric and vermifuge. They are used in traditional medicine to treat anaemia, asthenia, fever and malaria, amoebiasis, schistosomiasis and tuberculosis. Extracts of the leaves are reported to be effective against mycobacterium tuberculosis, to treat bleeding of larynx, trachea, bronchi, or lungs, and sore throat. An oil extracted from the tender shoots is used against scabies in children. Medicinally it has various pharmacological activities like anti-bacterial, anti-oxidant, anti-fungal, anti-inflammatory, anti-pyretic, analgesic, anti-diuretic, and hypoglycemic.
597 Litsea glutinosa (Lour.) C. B. Rob. Lauraceae Tree The root bark and leaves are used medicinally to reduce fever, reduce swelling, and treat Diarrhea. They also may be used for treating furunculosis. The leaves, and the mucilage in the gum from the bark, have been used for making poultices. The bark also acts as a demulcent and mild astringent in the treatment of Diarrhea and dysentery. The pounded seeds are applied externally against boils. respiratory disorders and rheumatism; Antimicrobial, anti-oxidant and anti-cancer
598 Bridelia retusa (L.) A.Juss. Phyllanthaceae Tree The plant is pungent, bitter, heating, useful in lumbago, hemiplegia; bark is good for the removal of urinary concretions (Ayurveda). Root and bark are valuable astringents. The bark is used as a liniment with gingelly oil in rheumatism. The bark is anti-viral, hypoglycaemic, hypotensive.
599 Emblica officinalis Gaertn. Euphorbiaceae Tree Anti-cancer(fruit): Bandopadhyaya et al., 2015; an expectorant, anti-pyretic, diuretic, antiDiarrheal and antiscorbutic; fruit is given in order to allay the effects of aging and to restore the organs. The juice of the fruit is also given in order to strengthen the pancreas of diabetics, as well as in the treatment of eye problems, joint pain, Diarrhea and dysentery. inflammation, cancer, osteoporosis, neurological disorders, hypertension together with lifestyle diseases, parasitic and other infectious disorders;
600 Glochidion heyneanum (Wight & Arn.) Wight Euphorbiaceae Tree Root in snake bite.
601 Mallotus philippensis (Lam.) Müll. Arg. Euphorbiaceae Tree Urinal diseases, Antifilarial, Antifertility, Antibacterial and anti-fungal, Anti-Inflammatory and Immunoregulatory Activity, Antioxidant Activity and Antiradical Activity, Protein Inhibition Implicated in Cancer Processes, Hepatoprotective Activity, Anticestodal Activity, Anthelmintic Activity, Antituberculosis Activity, Antiallergic Activity, Anti-Leukaemic Activity, Antiproliferative Activity, Anti-HIV Activity, Antitumor Activity, Wound Healing, Wound Healing; According to Ayurveda, leaves are bitter, cooling and appetizer. Fruit is heating, Purgative, anthelmintic, vulnerary, detergent, maturant, carminative, alexiteric and useful in treatment of bronchitis, abdominal diseases, spleen enlargement etc.
602 Holoptelea integrifolia Planch. Ulmaceae Tree The bark and leaves are used for treating oedema, diabetes, leprosy and other skin diseases, intestinal disorders, piles and sprue. A poultice of the bark and leaves is applied topically to treat boils, swellings and rheumatic pains. The bark is used externally as a treatment for rheumatism, ringworm, scabies, ulcers and scorpion stings. The mucilaginous bark is boiled then the juice is squeezed out and applied to rheumatic swellings; the exhausted bark is then powdered and applied over the parts covered by the sticky juice. The seed and a paste of the stem bark is used in treating ringworm. anti-bacterial, anti-fungal, analgesic, anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, anthelmintic, anti-diabetic, antiDiarrheal, adaptogenic, anti-cancer, wound healing, Hepatoprotective, larvicidal, antiemetic, CNS depressant, and hypolipidemic activities.
603 Trema orientalis (L.) Blume Ulmaceae Tree The plant is vermifuge, and is known to have anti-plasmodium properties. Both bark and leaf decoctions are used as a gargle, inhalation, drink, lotion, bath or vapour bath for coughs, sore throat, asthma, bronchitis, gonorrhea, yellow fever, toothache. The leaves are reported to be a general anti-dote to poisons. A bark infusion is drunk to control dysentery. A tea made from small pieces of the roasted wood is used to treat dysentery.
604 Trema politoria (Wall. ex Planch.) Bl. Cannabaceae Tree used to check vomiting
605 Ficus arnottiana (Miq.) Miq. Moraceae Tree anti-ulcer, astringent, aphrodisiac, demulcent, depurative, emollient; It is also useful against inflammation, Diarrhea, diabetes, burning sensation, leprosy, scabies, wounds and skin diseases.
606 Ficus benghalensis L. Moraceae Tree Blood Sugar reduces, Hair tonic; The leaves are used to remedy dysentery and Diarrhea. They are used in a decoction with toasted rice as a diaphoretic. The young leaves are heated and used as a poultice. They are applied to abscesses as a poultice to promote suppurations and discharge of pus. The concentrated latex, combined with the fruit, is aphrodisiac and is used to treat spermatorrhoea and gonorrhea. Mixed with sugar, it is used as a treatment for dysentery in children. The milky latex in the plant is applied topicaly to treat toothache, bruises, painful areas, rheumatic joints and lumbago. It is dripped into wounds in order to kill or expel germs, and is applied to treat bleeding and swelling of the gums. The bark is tonic and diuretic. An infusion is anti-diabetic and a decoction is used as an astringent in the treatment of Leucorrhoea. A decoction of the root fibres is useful as a treatment against gonorrhea, whereas the tender ends of the aerial roots are used for obstinate vomiting. An infusion of the twigs is a useful remedy for haemoptysis. The milky latex is used against pains and fever, rheumatism and lumbago, toothache, and applied to cracked and inflamed soles. The fruit is tonic and has a cooling effect.
607 Ficus cunia Buch.-Ham. ex Roxb. Moraceae Tree The juice of the roots is applied to treat headaches, and is also recommended for fevers and menstrual disorders. The bark, combined with Schima wallichii and Syzygium cumini, is used to treat gastric troubles and peptic ulcers. The immature fruit is used to treat constipation. A paste of the fruit is applied to the forehead to relieve headaches. The latex is used to treat children with fevers.
608 Ficus hispida L. f. Moraceae Tree The juice of the root is used in the treatment of fevers. The bark is antiperiodic, emetic and tonic. The fruit is emetic. The juice of the fig is used in the treatment of liver problems.
609 Ficus racemosa L. Moraceae Tree Mulvyadh, The leaves are used in the treatment of Diarrhea. The bark is astringent. It is used in the treatment of haematuria, menorrhagia, and haemoptysis. The fruit is astringent. It is used in the treatment of haematuria, menorrhagia, and haemoptysis. The fruit, when filled with sugar, is considered to be very cooling. A fluid that exudes from the cut roots of the tree is considered to be a powerful tonic when drunk for several days together. The sap is a popular remedy in Bombay, that is applied locally to mumps and other inflammatory glandular enlargements, and is also used in the treatment of gonorrhea. The root is chewed as a treatment for tonsilitis.
610 Ficus religiosa L. Moraceae Tree Asthama, The leaves and twigs are alterative, anti-dote, aphrodisiac, astringent, antigonorrheal and laxative. It is used as an anti-dote against bites of venomous animals, and for the treatment of haemoptysis and fistula. Fresh sap from the leaves is used to cure Diarrhea, cholera and for wound healing. An infusion of the bark is drunk as an anti-diabetic. A decoction of the bark is used as skin wash to treat scabies, ulcers and skin diseases. The aerial roots are diuretic. They are used in the treatment of ascites and are chewed by women to promote fertility. Used traditionally as anti-ulcer, anti-bacterial, anti-diabetic, in the treatment of gonorrhea and skin diseases.
611 Ficus virens W. T. Aiton Moraceae Tree bark, latex, leaves and fruits are used in the treatment of blood diseases, apoplexy, vertigo, delirium, pain, rheumatism, diabetes and also as anti-oxidants. Used to treat apoplexy, blood diseases, bone fracture, delirium, diabetes, Leucorrhoea, pain, rheumatism, skin ulcers and vertigo.
612 Phoenix sylvestris (L.) Roxb. Arecaceae Tree The fruit is good in heart complaints, abdominal complaints, fevers, vomiting and loss of consciousness. The fruit pounded and mixed with almonds, quince seeds, pistachio nuts and sugar, form a restorative remedy. The juice obtained from the tree is considered to be a cooling beverage. The roots are used to stop toothache. The central tender part of the plant is used in the treatment of gonorrhea. The plant exhibits many pharmacological activities having anti oxidant, anthelmintic, anti-microbial, cytotoxic, erythropioetic, antiDiarrheal, analgesic, diuretic, anti-ulcer, antihypertensive and anti-diabetic properties.
613 Eriolaena quinquelocularis (Wight & Arn.) Wight Malvaceae / Sterculiaceae (Cacao family) Tree Mirgi (Epilepsy); The roots were made into a paste with water and given against excess bleeding during menstruation.
614 Ficus exasperata Vahl. Moraceae Tree The leaf extract has been used to treat high blood pressure, rheumatism, arthritis, intestinal pains and colics, epilepsy, bleeding and wounds. The roots are also used to manage asthma, dyspnoea and venereal diseases. Root decoctions are used in the treatment of urinary tract ailments, gonorrhea, asthma and tuberculosis. The root is chewed in case of cough. The root is an ingredient in a prescription to expel worms. The root bark is used against eye problems. The body is rubbed with root scrapings as a tonic. The wood ash or charcoal is applied on lesions caused by leprosy. Decoctions of the bark are used in the treatment of coughs, worms, haemorrhoids and abnormal enlargement of the spleen. Sap from the stem bark is used to stop bleeding, as a treatment of wounds, sores, abscesses, eye ailments, stomach-ache and for the removal of spines, but some traditional healers consider it corrosive to the skin and dangerous to ingest. The ash of burnt stem bark is sprinkled on wounds. Scrapings from the bark are made into an embrocation with stimulant and tonic properties. The stem bark is locally applied on the body for the treatment of malaria. The leaves and young stems are abortifacient, analgesic, anti-dote, diuretic, emetic, oxytocic and stomachic. A decoction is taken for the treatment of dysentery; diseases of the kidneys and urinary tract; respiratory conditions such as coughs, colds, flu and asthma; hypertension. The young leaf is chewed and swallowed in case of gastric ulcers. The fresh leaf is used as an ingredient of preparations for the treatment of heart diseases. The leaves are cooked with bananas and eaten as a treatment for gonorrhea; the cooking water is also drunk for this purpose.
615 Ixora arborea Roxb. ex Sm. Rubiaceae Tree Flowers, pounded with milk, for whooping cough. Bark: a decoction for anaemia and general debility. Fruit and root, given to females when urine is highly colored.
616 Magnolia champaca (L.) Baill. ex Pierre. Magnoliaceae Tree The bark is used as a febrifuge. A decoction of the bark and leaves is given after childbirth. The flowers are used to treat leprosy. The leaves are used as a treatment against colic. The seeds are used to treat badly chapped skin. Traditionally, the joy perfume tree was used in several treatments including fever, leprosy, cough, ulcer, abdominal cohlic, rheumatism, constipation, dysmenorrhoea, bronchitis, wounds, skin diseases and various other disorders. Also, this plant possesses numerous pharmacological properties such as anti-microbial, anti-pyretic, anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant, insecticidal, anti-uretic, anti-dinic, carminative, anti-diabetic etc.
617 Miliusa velutina (Dunal) Hook. f. & Thomson Annonaceae Tree In Ayurveda; Fruits in chronic constipation
618 Polyalthia longifolia (Sonn.) Thwaites Annonaceae Tree used for the treatment of uterine disorder;
619 Litsea monopetala (Roxb. ex Baker) Pers Lauraceae Tree Seeds contain an oil which is used medicinally as ointments for rheumatism manufacturing candle in India. Bark is used as astringent and in Diarrhea. The leaves are used as a topical medicine for the treatment of arthritis.
620 Sapindus laurifolius Vahl SAPINDACEAE Tree Anthelmintic; astringent; emetic; rheumatism; gout;
621 Acacia chundra (Rottler)Willd. MIMOSOIDEAE Tree The bark and leaves are used for ulcerated abscesses and toothache; wood for leucoderma. anti-bacterial, anti-cancer, anti-Diarrheal, anti-inflammatory, anti-microbial, anti-oxidant, anti-pyretic, anti-ulcer, antisecretory, Hepatoprotective, hypoglycaemic, sore throat and wound healing
622 Acacia nilotica (L.) Delile MIMOSOIDEAE Tree plant is therapeutic used as Anti-cancer, anti tumours, Antiscorbutic, Astringent, anti-oxidant, Natriuretic, Antispasmodial, Diuretic, Intestinal pains and Diarrhea, Nerve stimulant, Cold, Congestion, Coughs, Dysentery, Fever, Hemorrhages, Leucorrhea, Ophthalmia and Sclerosis (33). Seed: seeds have anti-malarial, anti-diabetic, antihypertensive and antispasmodic activities. Leaves & Pod: The leaves and pods are an excellent fodder with anti-inflammatory properties, rich in protein. The pods have molluscicidal and algicidal properties. Bark: It is used in the treatment of hemorrhages, cold, Diarrhea, tuberculosis and leprosy. Root: it is used as an aphrodisiac and the flowers for treating syphilis lesions. Gum: Gum obtains from the tree is pharmaceutically used as suspending and emulsifying agent and in preparation of many formulations. Its resins repel insects and water.
623 Adansonia digitata L. MALVACEAE Tree The leaves are hyposensitive and antihistamine. They are used to treat kidney and bladder diseases, asthma, general fatigue, Diarrhea, insect bites, and guinea worm. Leaf and flower infusions are valued for respiratory problems, digestive disorders and eye inflammation. Seeds are used to cure gastric, kidney and joint diseases. They are roasted then ground and the powder smeared on the affected part or drunk in water. The seed paste is used for curing tooth and gum diseases. The pulp is widely used in Africa as a diaphoretic to combat fevers, and to treat dysentery. The bark is used in steam baths for calming shivering and high fever. The bark is boiled and taken as a cure for body pains. This infusion is also used to treat colds, fever and influenza. A decoction of the roots is taken as a remedy for lassitude, impotence and kwashiorkor.
624 Alangium salviifolium (L.f.) Wangerin CORNACEAE Tree In Ayurveda the roots and the fruits are used for treatment of rheumatism, and hemorrhoid. Externally it is used for the treatment of bites of rabbits, rats, and dogs. The roots are anthelmintic and purgative. The juice is used to expel worms, and to treat conditions such as piles, dropsy, hypertension, Diarrhea, fever, back pain, blood disorders, snake and rat bites, leprosy and other skin diseases. he stem is used to cure Diarrhea and vomiting. The leaves are used to cure asthma and as cataplasm to reduce rheumatic pains. The fruit juice is applied to the eyes to cure eye diseases.
625 Alstonia scholaris (L.) R. Br. APOCYNACEAE Tree The bark is a bitter, astringent, alterative herb that lowers fevers, relaxes spasms, stimulates lactation and expels intestinal worms. It is anthelmintic, anticholeric, antispasmodic, astringent, emmenagogue, febrifuge, tonic and vulnerary. It is used to treat bowel complaints, abdominal pains, fevers and irregular menstruation, and has proved a valuable remedy for chronic Diarrhea and the advanced stages of dysentery. A decoction is applied as a wash for skin diseases, and as a gargle. he latex obtained from the bark is considered to be powerfully tonic, vermifuge. It has been used for treating neuralgia and toothache. It is also used as an anti-malarial drug. The latex is drunk in small amounts as a poison anti-dote.The leaves are used for treating beriberi, dropsy and congested liver. A poultice made from the leaves has been reported as a good remedy against skin diseases. An infusion of the crushed leaves is used to clean infected wounds
626 Anacardium occidentale L. ANACARDIACEAE Tree The leaves are febrifuge. They are used in west Africa in the treatment of malaria. In India and Africa the leaves are used to treat toothache and gum problems. The leaves can be harvested at any time and dried for later use. The bark is astringent, rubefacient and vesicant. Research has shown that it is also hypoglycaemic, having the ability to reduce blood sugar levels. The bark is used in Ayurvedic medicine to detoxify snake bites. Leaf and bark infusions are used in the treatment of toothache and sore gums, whilst the bark and leaf extracts and fruit juice are taken internally to treat Diarrhea. The fruit is anti-scorbutic, astringent and diuretic. Cashew syrup is a good remedy for coughs and colds. Cashew apple juice is said to be effective for the treatment of syphilis, and is also used in the treatment of cholera and kidney troubles. The fresh, acrid juice inside the shell is vesicant. It has been used for removing warts, as well as for treating ringworm, leprosy and corns, and is applied to the soles of the feet to cure cracks in the skin. The gum is bactericidal, fungicidal and kills worms and protozoa.It is applied externally in the treatment of leprosy, and for corns and fungal conditions.
627 Azadirachta indica A. Juss. MELIACEAE Tree It is a bitter, tonic herb that acts as an alterative, clearing toxins, reducing inflammation, lowering fevers, promoting healing and generally improving bodily functions. It destroys a wide range of parasitic organisms and is spermicidal. It is not usually given to the very young, the old or the weak. Leaf teas are traditionally used to treat malaria, peptic ulcers and intestinal worms. The leaf juice is applied externally to ulcers, wounds, boils and eczema. An oil extracted from the seed is strongly anti-fungal, anthelmintic, anti-septic and purgative. It is applied externally in cases of leprosy and is also used as a vehicle for applying other active ingredients to the body. People use the twigs as toothbrushes, where they help to firm up the gums and prevent gum disease. The bark is bitter and astringent. A decoction is applied externally to haemorrhoids. anthelmintic, antiperiodic, anti-septic, diuretic and purgative actions, and are also used to treat boils, pimples, eye diseases, hepatitis, leprosy, rheumatism, scrofula, ringworm and ulcers.
628 Balanites aegyptiaca (L.) Delile ZYGOPHYLLACEAE Tree The roots are purgative and vermifuge. A decoction of the root is used to treat malaria. The roots are boiled in a soup to be used in the treatment of oedema and stomach pains. They are also used as an emetic. The bark is purgative and vermifuge. An infusion of the bark is used to treat heartburn. Wood gum, mixed with maize meal porridge, is used to treat chest pains.
629 Casuarina equisetifolia L. CASUARINACEAE Tree Root extracts are used for the treatment of dysentery, Diarrhea and stomach-ache. A decoction of the twigs is used for treating swelling. The fresh bark is astringent. It is used in the treatment of dysentery. The powdered bark is used for treating pimples on the face.
630 Dalbergia sissoo DC. FABOIDEAE Tree Powdered wood, leaves and seed oil are used in traditional medicine in India, especially to treat skin diseases. The leaves are reportedly used as a stimulant and to treat gonorrhea and wounds. Ethanolic leaf extracts showed significant anti-inflammatory activity, without side effects on gastric mucosa. Decoction of leaves is useful in gonorrhea. Root is astringent. Wood is alterative, useful in leprosy, boils, eruptions and to allay vomiting.
631 Dillenia pentagyna Roxb. DILLENIACEAE Tree A paste of the leaves is applied as a poultice to treat scorpion bites. According to Ayurveda, the plant pacifies vitiated vata, kapha. It is used to treat anal fistula, wounds, diabetes, diabetic carbuncle, neuritis, pleurisy, pneumonia, and burning sensation.
632 Ehretia laevis (Rottler ex G. Don) Roxb. BORAGINACEAE Tree The leaves are febrifuge, haemostatic and laxative. Sap from the fresh leaves is used as a mild laxative for children. The leaves are commonly used in an infusion with other plants, taken orally and also used as a wash, to treat fevers, children's convulsions. Leaf poultices are applied to fractured bones to promote healing. The leaf, usually after pounding with that of Newbouldia laevis and a guinea pepper, is tied on the head as a remedy for headaches. The crushed roots, mixed in water, are taken as a treatment against stomach complaints. The root juice is applied to wounds. A decoction of the roots and leaves is used as a treatment for infantile tetanus and dysentery. A decoction of the bark is taken as a remedy for amenorrhoea, and the decoction when left to cool separates to a supernatant layer of oil which is applied to skin-affections.
633 Eucalyptus globulus Labill. MYRTACEAE Tree The essential oil found in the leaves is a powerful anti-septic and is used all over the world for relieving coughs and colds, sore throats and other infections. The essential oil is a common ingredient in many over-the-counter cold remedies. The adult leaves, without their petioles, are antiperiodic, anti-septic, aromatic, deodorant, expectorant, febrifuge, hypoglycaemic and stimulant. The leaves, and the essential oil they contain, are anti-septic, antispasmodic, astringent, expectorant, febrifuge, haemostatic, stimulant, tonic and vermifuge. Extracts of the leaves have anti-bacterial activity. The essential oil obtained from various species of eucalyptus is a very powerful anti-septic, especially when it is old, because ozone is formed in it on exposure to air. It has a decided disinfectant action, destroying the lower forms of life. The oil can be used externally, applied to cuts, skin infections etc, it can also be inhaled for treating blocked nasal passages, it can be gargled for sore throat and can also be taken internally for a wide range of complaints. The essential oil is used in aromatherapy. Its keyword is 'Respiratory system'.
634 Ficus lacor Buch-Ham MORACEAE Tree A decoction of the bark is used as an injection in the treatment of Leucorrhoea. Applied externally, a bark decoction is used as a wash on ulcers and as a gargle in salivation.
635 Gardenia resinifera Roth RUBIACEAE Tree Dikamali or cumbi gum, which is excreted on the stems and buds of the plant, is antispasmodic, expectorant, carminative and stimulant. It is used in the treatment of cutaneous diseases and to keep off flies and worms.
636 Grevillea robusta A. Cunn. ex R. Br. PROTEACEAE Tree cytotoxic, thrombolytic and membrane stabilizing activities.
637 Juglans regia JUGLANDACEAE Tree The leaves are alterative, anthelmintic, anti-inflammatory, astringent and depurative. They are used internally the treatment of constipation, chronic coughs, asthma, Diarrhea, dyspepsia etc. The leaves are also used to treat skin ailments and purify the blood. They are considered to be specific in the treatment of strumous sores. Male inflorescences are made into a broth and used in the treatment of coughs and vertigo. The rind is anodyne and astringent. It is used in the treatment of Diarrhea and anaemia. The seeds are antilithic, diuretic and stimulant. They are used internally in the treatment of low back pain, frequent urination, weakness of both legs, chronic cough, asthma, constipation due to dryness or anaemia and stones in the urinary tract. Externally, they are made into a paste and applied as a poultice to areas of dermatitis and eczema. The oil from the seed is anthelmintic. It is also used in the treatment of menstrual problems and dry skin conditions. The cotyledons are used in the treatment of cancer. Walnut has a long history of folk use in the treatment of cancer, some extracts from the plant have shown anti-cancer activity. The bark and root bark are anthelmintic, astringent and detergent.
638 Acrocarpus fraxinifolius CAESALPINIOIDEAE Tree The sapwood is highly susceptible to fungal and insect attacks.
639 Limonia acidissima Linn. RUTACEAE Tree It is used mainly as a liver tonic to stimulate the digestive system. The fruit is also astringent, especially when unripe, and a cardiac tonic. The pulp of the fruit, especially when unripe, is used in the treatment of Diarrhea and dysentery. The fruit is also seen as an effective treatment for hiccough, sore throat and diseases of the gums. Both the fruit pulp and the powdered rind can be poulticed onto bites and stings of venomous insects. They are astringent and are used internally, often combined with milk and sugar, in the treatment of indigestion, flatulence, Diarrhea, dysentery (especially in children) and haemorrhoids. The powdered gum, mixed with honey, is given to overcome dysentery and Diarrhea in children. The spines are crushed with those of other trees and an infusion taken as a remedy for menorrhagia. The bark is chewed with that of Barringtonia and applied on venomous wounds.
640 Melia azedarach Linn. MELIACEAE Tree The leaf juice is anthelmintic, antilithic, diuretic and emmenagogue. A decoction is astringent and stomachic. A decoction is used to treat Diarrhea. The leaves are used externally to treat skin conditions such as scabies and itch. A decoction is used as a gargle to treat tooth problems and strengthen the gums. The leaves are harvested during the growing season and can be used fresh or dried. The flowers and leaves are applied as a poultice in the treatment of neuralgia and nervous headache. The stem bark is anthelmintic, astringent and bitter tonic. The root bark is emetic, emmenagogue, purgative and vermifuge. It is highly effective against ringworm and other parasitic skin diseases.
641 Mesua ferrea L. CALOPHYLLACEAE Tree A mixture of pounded kernels and seed oil is used for poulticing wounds. The seed-oil is used for treating itch, scabies and other skin eruptions, dandruff and rheumatism. The fruit is alterative and stimulant. A paste of the fruit is applied to boils. The flowers are astringent and stomachic. A paste made from the flowers is used in the treatment of amoebic dysentery. A decoction of the flowers is drunk by women after childbirth. It is used as a haemostatic, antidysenteric and antiDiarrheal. The leaves are applied to the head in the form of a poultice for severe colds. Oil from the seeds is used for sores, scabies, wounds, and rheumatism. The root of this herb is often used as an anti-dote for snake poison. The dried flowers are used for bleeding hemorrhoids and dysentery with mucus. Fresh flowers are also prescribed for excessive thirst, excessive perspiration, cough, and for indigestion.
642 Millingtonia hortensis Linn BIGNONIACEAE Tree the treatment of asthma, sinusitis and as a cholagogue and tonic. The flowers are also used in rituals and have good anti-microbial properties. The stem has brittle wood and liable to damaged by storms, stem bark is used traditionally as mainly lung tonic, anti-asthmatic and anti-microbial properties. Leaves and roots of cork tree used as anti-asthmatic and anti-microbial activity. Fruit is very long and narrow, pointed at both ends and contains thin, flat seeds. Trees do not seed very easily in India. Roots can be used for the treatment of tuberculosis and as an anti-asthmatic. The leaves of Cork tree are very ornamental and extracts of leaves has good anti-microbial activity.
643 Mimusops elengi L. SAPOTACEAE Tree The bark is astringent, bitter and tonic. It is used in the treatment of Diarrhea and dysentery. A decoction of the bark, sometimes mixed with the flowers, is used as a gargle to treat gum inflammation, toothache etc. It is also used to treat gonorrhea, snake bites, fevers, wounds, scabies and eczema. The leaves are used to treat headache, toothache, wounds and sore eyes, and are smoked to cure infections of the nose and mouth. The flowers have been used as a remedy against Diarrhea. The young fruits have been employed in a gargle for treating sprue. The pounded seeds are used to cure obstinate constipation. Various parts of the tree have medicinal properties. It is used in the treatment and maintenance of oral hygiene. Rinsing mouth with water solution made with bakul helps in strengthening the teeth. It also prevents bad breath and helps keep the gums healthy.
644 Moringa oleifera Lam MORINGACEAE Tree The horseradish tree is a nutritious, diuretic, laxative herb that is expectorant, increases milk flow, controls bacterial infections and is rubefacient when applied topically. It contains a potent antibiotic. Ben oil, obtained from the seeds, has no taste, smell or colour and is exceptionally resistant to oxidation. The young leaves are taken internally to increase the milk flow in nursing mothers. The root is used as a vesicant. The root juice is used internally in the treatment of asthma, gout, rheumatism, enlarged spleen and liver, bladder and kidney stones, inflammatory conditions. xternally, the root is used to treat boils, ulcers, glandular swellings, infected wounds, skin diseases, dental infections, snake bites and gout. The roots and bark are used for cardiac and circulatory problems, as a tonic and for inflammation. The gum is demulcent, diuretic, astringent and abortifacient. It is used in cough syrups and in the treatment of asthma. The bark and gum are used in the treatment of tuberculosis and septicaemia. Flowers and immature fruits are said to be a good rubefacient. Oil of Ben is used for hysteria, scurvy, prostate problems and bladder troubles.
645 Morus alba MORACEAE Tree The leaves are anti-bacterial, astringent, diaphoretic, hypoglycaemic, odontalgic and ophthalmic. They are taken internally in the treatment of colds, influenza, eye infections and nosebleeds. An injected extract of the leaves can be used in the treatment of elephantiasis and purulent fistulae. The leaves are collected after the first frosts of autumn and can be used fresh but are generally dried. The stems are antirheumatic, antispasmodic, diuretic, hypotensive and pectoral. They are used in the treatment of rheumatic pains and spasms, especially of the upper half of the body, high blood pressure. A tincture of the bark is used to relieve toothache. The branches are harvested in late spring or early summer and are dried for later use. The fruit has a tonic effect on kidney energy. It is used in the treatment of urinary incontinence, dizziness, tinnitus, insomnia due to anaemia, neurasthenia, hypertension, diabetes, premature greying of the hair and constipation in the elderly. The root bark is antiasthmatic, antitussive, diuretic, expectorant, hypotensive and sedative. It is used internally in the treatment of asthma, coughs, bronchitis, oedema, hypertension and diabetes. The roots are harvested in the winter and dried for later use. The bark is anthelmintic and purgative, it is used to expel tape worms. anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidative, anti-microbic, anti-diabetic, anti-tumor, anti-cancer;
646 Mussaenda frondosa L. RUBIACEAE Tree The juice of the plant is used to treat eye infections. A decoction of the leaves is used to rid the body of intestinal worms. The root is used as a treatment for leprosy. The juice of the roots, combined with about 10% by volume of cow's urine, is used in the treatment of jaundice. The juice is also used to treat blemishes on the tongue; The juice of the bark is used in the treatment of body ache, Diarrhea and dysentery. The flowers are diuretic. They are used in the treatment of cough.
647 Pithecellobium dulce (Roxb.)Benth. MIMOSOIDEAE Tree The leaves can be used as a plaster to allay pain even from venereal sores, and can relieve convulsions. A paste made from the leaves is applied externally to treat muscular swellings caused by some inflammations. The leaves together with salt can cure indigestion and, in larger doses, can also induce abortion (ABORTIFACIENT). The bark of the root is a good remedy for Diarrhea and dysentery. The bark is used medicinally as a febrifuge. The fruit pulp is taken orally to stop blood flow in case of haemoptysis. The seed juice is inhaled into the nostrils against chest congestion and pulverised seeds are ingested for internal ulcers.
648 Prunus persica (L.) Stokes ROSACEAE Tree The leaves are astringent, demulcent, diuretic, expectorant, febrifuge, laxative, parasiticide and mildly sedative. They are used internally in the treatment of gastritis, whooping cough, coughs and bronchitis. They also help to relieve vomiting and morning sickness during pregnancy, though the dose must be carefully monitored because of their diuretic action. The dried and powdered leaves have sometimes been used to help heal sores and wounds. The leaves are harvested in June and July then dried for later use. The flowers are diuretic, sedative and vermifuge. They are used internally in the treatment of constipation and oedema. A gum from the stems is alterative, astringent, demulcent and sedative. The seed is antiasthmatic, antitussive, emollient, haemolytic, laxative and sedative. It is used internally in the treatment of constipation in the elderly, coughs, asthma and menstrual disorders. The bark is demulcent, diuretic, expectorant and sedative. It is used internally in the treatment of gastritis, whooping cough, coughs and bronchitis. The root bark is used in the treatment of dropsy and jaundice. The bark is harvested from young trees in the spring and is dried for later use.
649 Pterospermum acerifolium (L.) Willd. MALVACEAE Tree The indumentum from the lower side of leaf is said to be used to prevent bleeding from wounds. A good tonic is prepared from the flowers which is also a cure for inflammation, ulcers, tumours, blood troubles and leprosy. The bark and leaves are used in small pox.
650 Putranjiva roxburghii Wall. PUTRANJIVACEAE Tree A decoction of leaves and fruit is taken for the treatment of liver complaints, colds, fevers and rheumatism.
651 Quercus incana W. Bartram FAGACEAE Tree A decoction or infusion is astringent, anti-bacterial, anti-fungal, anti-septic, styptic and haemostatic. It is taken internally to treat conditions such as acute Diarrhea, dysentery and haemorrhages. Externally, it is used as a mouthwash to treat toothache or gum problems and is applied topically as a wash on cuts, burns, various skin problems, haemorrhoids and oral, genital and anal mucosa inflammation.
652 Salix babylonica L. SALICACEAE Tree The leaves and bark are antirheumatic, astringent and tonic. A decoction of the leaves is used in the treatment of abscesses, carbuncle, fever, rheumatism, skin diseases, ulcers etc. An infusion of the bark has been used to treat Diarrhea and fevers. The bark can be used as a poultice. The stem bark is used in the treatment of skin eruptions due to parasites. The root bark is used in a bath for the treatment of parasitic skin diseases. A gum from the stems is used in the treatment of foul sores. The down of the seeds is used in the treatment of fevers, haemorrhages, jaundice, rheumatism etc.
653 Salix tetrasperma Roxb. SALICACEAE Tree Dried leaves mixed with sugar given in rheumatism, epilepsy, venereal diseases, stone in the bladder, piles and swellings. Bark used as a febrifuge.
654 Santalum album L. SANTALACEAE Tree It is an aromatic, bittersweet, astringent herb that cools the body, calms the mind, relieves spasms and improves digestion. It has diuretic, analgesic, anti-septic, expectorant and stimulant effects. The wood or essential oil is taken internally in the treatment of genito-urinary disorders, fever, sunstroke, digestive problems and abdominal pain. A paste of the wood is used externally to treat skin complaints. Sandalwood oil is little used in modern herbalism, its main application is in aromatherapy.
655 Sapium sebiferum (L.) Dum.Cours. EUPHORBIACEAE Tree The leaves and the roots are depurative, diuretic and laxative. A decoction is used in the treatment of oedema, constipation, poisoning by two plants - Polygonum perfoliatum and Tripterygium wilfordii, skin diseases etc. The leaves are particularly useful for treating boils. The seed is anti-dote, emetic, hydragogue and purgative. In China it is taken internally, which is a rather questionable practice considering its toxic nature. The root bark is diuretic. It is used in the treatment of snake bites and skin ulcers. The juice of the tree (the sap is probably meant here) is acrid and vesicant.
656 Shorea robusta Gaertn. DIPTEROCARPACEAE Tree The resin is valued for its use in the treatment of dysentery, gonorrhea, boils and toothaches. The leaf juice is used in the treatment of dysentery. The leaves are warmed and used as a poultice on areas of the body that are swollen. They are also applied to the stomach of children with dysentery. The oil from the seed is used to treat skin diseases.
657 Stereospermum chelonoides (L. fil.) DC. BIGNONIACEAE Tree An infusion of the pleasant tasting root, as well as the fragrant flowers, is used as a cooling drink in the treatment of fevers. The juice of the bark is used to treat indigestion.
658 Streblus asper Lour. MORACEAE Tree A decoction of the stem bark is used in the treatment of dysentery, Diarrhea and fevers. The bark is chewed as an anti-dote in snake poisoning. Water in which the bark of this tree has been boiled is used for disinfecting wounds. The powdered root bark is used to treat toothache and to cure peritonitis. The leaves are depurative and laxative. They are given, with a little added salt, to mothers who have just given birth. A decoction of the branchlets is drunk to relieve a swollen abdomen. The seed is considered tonic and carminative, as well as an appetizer. A decoction of the roots is used to treat diphtheria. The latex from the plant, rubbed on the temples, is considered effective in treating neuralgia.
659 Terminalia tomentosa Wight & Arn. COMBRETACEAE Tree The bark is astringent. It is used in the treatment of Diarrhea. The juice of the bark is applied externally to cuts and wounds. It can also be boiled then rubbed onto the head to remove dandruff. A paste of the gum is applied externally to burns and is also used to treat swellings caused by inflammation.
660 Acacia ferruginea DC. MIMOSOIDEAE Tree A bark decoction, in conjunction with ginger is frequently used as an astringent for the teeth. The bark of all Acacia species contains greater or lesser quantities of tannins and are astringent. Astringents are often used medicinally - taken internally, for example. they are used in the treatment of Diarrhea and dysentery, and can also be helpful in cases of internal bleeding. Applied externally, often as a wash, they are used to treat wounds and other skin problems, haemorrhoids, perspiring feet, some eye problems, as a mouth wash etc. This is sometimes taken internally in the treatment of Diarrhea and haemorrhoids. used for treating various skin infections, itching, leucoderma, ulcers, inflammation of the mucous lining of the mouth and throat. The plant is also credited for treatment of helminthiasis. dysentery, piles and diabetes.
661 Acacia lenticularis Benth. MIMOSOIDEAE Tree used in the treatment of Diarrhea and dysentery, and can also be helpful in cases of internal bleeding. Applied externally, often as a wash, they are used to treat wounds and other skin problems, haemorrhoids, perspiring feet, some eye problems, as a mouth wash